Common Causes Of Pain Behind The Knee
Sometimes pain behind the knee is simply due to muscle strains. These injuries usually heal in a matter of days. However, this is only one possibility. There can also be pain behind the knee as a result of systemic diseases or some life-threatening conditions. Below we take a look at just what the different potential causes are.
Signs Of Pains Behind The Knee
Discomfort behind the knee is occasionally referred to as posterior knee discomfort. Your knee joint is comprised of ligaments, tendons, cartilage material, muscles, as well as bones.
According to Dr. Matthew Hoffman on WebMD, the knee is one of the most complicated joints in the body. Tendons connect the femur as well as shin to leg muscle mass. These interact to give stability and motion for the knee.
For example, your hamstring is on the back of your thigh and assists flex your knee. However, a drawn hamstring will certainly create discomfort in the rear of the knee as well as thigh.
Damage to the tendons as well as tendons in the knee can trigger the bones to massage versus each other and cause swelling, redness, as well as discomfort in the back of the knee or patella. This can trigger pain in the back of the knee when walking, as well as instability in the knee joint might bring about more pain and damages. In many cases, the discomfort can be so disabling as well as extreme that it is impossible to place any weight on the leg.
What Are Home Remedies For Hamstring Injury
The goal of treatment is to restore muscle function and prevent scar formation. Initially, treatment consists of rest, ice, compression, and elevation . Rest refers to avoidance of offending activities and oftentimes includes immobilization. In severe cases, crutches or splinting may be necessary. Ice, compression, and elevation all help in controlling pain and swelling. A short course of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, such as aspirin, ibuprofen , or naproxen , may be helpful .
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Lower Leg Pain Caused By Veins And Nerve Issues
1. Blood Clot
When blood thickens in veins, it can develop a clot. This typically happens in the thigh or lower leg, commonly leading to pain from knee to ankle. There is a higher risk if you are overweight, on certain medicines, or inactive for a long car ride or flight.
2. Varicose Veins
Varicose veins are caused by weakness in the vein walls or valves and can lead to a dull ache, particularly after standing.
3. Lower-Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disease
This occurs if your legs arteries get damaged and harden. The legs begin to miss needed blood flow, leading to pain or cramps when walking or climbing stairs.
4. Narrowed Spinal Canal and Sciatica
When the spinal canal narrows due to a herniated disc, arthritis of the spine, or another cause, it can lead to weakness, fatigue, numbness, tingling, or cramping, burning leg pain when you sit or stand. It may start in the hip and the back before extending down the leg.
5. Diabetic Neuropathy
This diabetes complication can be due to high blood sugar levels and leads to pain in both legs. It also features less sensation and numbness in lower legs.
When to See a Doctor
You should see your doctor for pain from knee to ankle if you have the following symptoms:
Common Causes Of Inner Knee Pain
There are a variety of causes of inner knee pain. Many of them can be linked to an injury. Some of the most common incidents that cause knee injury and pain include falls, sports injuries, or increased activity.
Adults particularly those older than 60 are most likely to experience knee pain. However, inner knee pain can also occur in children and adolescents.
According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, the most common causes of inner knee pain in children are:
- patellar subluxation
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Do You Have Burning Pain In Your Thighs
Meralgia paresthetica is a condition in which a nerve in the thigh becomes compressed. This leads to painful burning, tingling, and numbness in the upper thigh. Risk factors for the condition include wearing tight clothes, being overweight or pregnant, or having scar tissue due to surgery in the groin region. Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen and acetaminophen may provide relief of symptoms. If the pain is severe or lasts for more than a couple of months, see your doctor who can prescribe stronger medication.
What Are The Causes Of My Leg Pain
Human bodies are subject to frequent aches and pains that come and go. Usually, these are not of great concern or importance. But when pains are inexplicable, linger and impact the quality of life, you might need medical attention.
Thighs, hamstrings, lower leg and calf areas often feel pain. Most pain results from wear and tear, overuse, or injuries in joints, bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons or other soft tissues.
Pain can be traced to problems in the lower spine. Blood clots, varicose veins or poor circulation are other causes.
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Treatments For Pain From Hip To Knee On Outside Of Leg
1. R.I.C.E. the protocol
Rest If you have been diagnosed with iliotibial band disease, your first step should be to rest the affected leg.Ice: Keeping ice with a thin cloth outside your knee for 10 minutes intervals every two hours can relieve your pain and help reduce inflammation.Compression If you have been diagnosed with IT band disease, talk to your doctor about covering the Ace bandage or band compression band above your knee. Squeezing this area can help soothe the knee and reduce friction âas the iliotibial band slides over the posterior epicondyle of the kneeâ.Elevation When hitting your knee, do your best to keep your foot high above your heart.
2. Anti-inflammatory drugs
such as ibuprofen and naproxen , may be helpful. Keep in mind that any over-the-counter medications can have side effects, as well as interactions with prescription drugs. If questions or concerns arise, it is wise to ask a health care professional or pharmacist about their safe use.
Home treatment may include stretching, massage, and the use of foam rollers at the site of pain and inflammation.If this first-line treatment does not work, physical therapy may be needed to reduce swelling in the IT band. Other treatments focus on flexibility and stretching. Rubbing friction can occur over the IT band on the female epicondyle can help break down inflammation and scars.
3. Strengthening the muscles
4. Medication & Physical Therapy
5. Physical exercises
What Causes A Baker’s Cyst
Baker’s cysts are not uncommon and can be caused by virtually any cause of joint swelling . The excess joint fluid bulges to the back of the knee to form the Baker’s cyst. The most common type of arthritis associated with Baker’s cysts is osteoarthritis, also called degenerative arthritis. Baker’s cysts can occur in children with juvenile arthritis of the knee. Baker’s cysts also can result from cartilage tears , rheumatoid arthritis, and other knee problems.
A Baker’s cyst may cause no symptoms or be associated with knee pain and/or tightness, and stiffness behind the knee, especially when the knee is extended or fully flexed. Baker’s cysts are usually visible as a bulge behind the knee that is particularly noticeable on standing and when compared to the opposite uninvolved knee. They are generally soft and minimally tender. Sometimes there can be a mild decrease in the range of motion of the knee.
Baker’s cysts can become complicated by spread of fluid down the leg between the muscles of the calf . The cyst can rupture, leaking fluid down the inner leg to sometimes cause the appearance of a painless bruise under the inner ankle. Baker’s cyst dissection and rupture are frequently associated with swelling of the leg and can mimic phlebitis of the leg. A ruptured Baker’s cyst typically causes rapid-onset swelling of the leg with bruising around the ankle.
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Achilles Tendinitis Or Rupture
The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. It is located on the back side of your leg and connects your calf muscle to your heel bone.
When the tendon becomes irritated, usually due to overuse, you may feel a burning pain in the back of your leg, usually just above your heel. You may also have calf pain and stiffness. This is known as Achilles tendinitis.
A torn Achilles tendon is referred to as a rupture. When the tendon tears, you may have severe, sudden pain in the back of your leg. You may also have difficulty bearing any weight on your leg at all.Some people also hear a “pop” when the injury happens.
Do You Have A Pinched Sciatic Nerve
The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body. You have two sciatic nerves. Each one runs from the lower spine down through the buttock, the back of the thigh, and down to the foot. Sciatica is a condition that occurs when the sciatic nerve is compressed. This results in pain in the hip, back, and the outer leg. Some people experience cramps and shooting pain that may interfere with the ability to sit or stand. A slipped disc, a herniated disc, spinal stenosis, or a slipped vertebra may cause cause sciatica. The condition may be treated with pain meds, exercise, physical therapy, stretching, massage, and ice packs. Severe cases may be treated with steroid injections or surgery.
Spinal stenosis may occur when the spine is injured and tissue swelling puts pressure on the nerve roots or spinal cord. An injury to the spine may cause a bulging disc, or herniated disc. This can protrude into the spinal canal. When a herniated disc puts pressure on a nerve root, this is known as a pinched nerve. This results in numbness, tingling, and pain in areas where the nerves travel. Some cases of disc herniation are treated surgically.
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Other Inner Knee Pain Treatments
If your inner knee pain worsens after several days, or if basic at-home remedies dont alleviate symptoms, you should go see your doctor.
Some treatment methods for more serious knee injuries include:
- Steroid injection. This injection is used to treat pes anserine bursitis.
- Physical therapy. Therapy often involves stretching, exercises, and ultrasound therapy.
Pain In Back Of Leg Causes
There are many potential causes of unbearable back of your knee pain which can be completely different. Some causes are ordinary & less severe when others cause need more urgent medical support to heal completely. Following is a list of some of the more probable reasons for pain in the back of your knee included.
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About : : : : Of People Who Have Had Dvt Or Pe Are At Risk For Another Episode
Once you had a DVT/PE you are at risk of for another event. Based on follow up studies with patients who had a DVT or PE, it is estimated that about 25% will have another episode. This risk can be decreased by anticoagulation therapy . Unfortunately being on a blood thinner for prolonged periods had risk factors as well. Talk to your doctor about the best approach for your individual case.
How To Treat Pain Behind The Knee
For the treatment of pain behind the knee, the cause of this condition must first be determined. Your doctor will listen to your complaints and do your examination.
One of the following imaging methods can be used to detect pathology in the knee, behind the knee and around the knee :
- magnetic resonance imaging
After determining the underlying cause, treatment steps will be started for the cause . To treat pain behind the knee, treatment steps for the underlying cause include:
|leg cramps||If you experience frequent leg cramps, you can get relief by stretching your leg muscles regularly. You should avoid sudden muscle movements.
You can ask your doctor for exercise recommendations to strengthen the knee and surrounding muscles.
|Baker coffin||Its usually not a cause for concern. The size of the cyst can be checked with intermittent examinations.
Bakers cysts that grow too large can cause back knee pain. In this case, medical treatment options or surgical removal of the cyst may be considered.
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What Is Leg Pain
Leg pain can be described as any feeling of pain or discomfort in the area between your groin and ankle.
Depending on the cause, leg pain can vary from moderate to severe, and the symptoms may be continuous or intermittent .
Leg pain can be acute, meaning it comes on quickly and then goes away. Or it can last for weeks or months. Then it is called chronic leg pain. For some people, chronic leg pain can last for years and can affect their lives.
Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome
Your iliotibial band is a thick piece of tissue and fascia that runs down the outer side of your thigh. Sometimes it can become irritated with overuse or repeated stress. This is a common running injury known as iliotibial band friction syndrome .
Symptoms of ITBS include:
- Pain on the outside part of your thigh near your hip or knee
- A feeling of tightness near your hip or knee
- Difficulty walking or running
The pain from ITBS usually gets worse with increased activity and better with rest. Many people benefit from physical therapy to learn stretches and strengthening exercises for ITBS.
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Possible Causes Of Pain Behind The Knee On Back Of Leg
There are some possible causes that may lead to pain behind the kneecap. Reading through the symptoms will help you determine which one out of these causes might be the one causing your behind the knee pain and thus, help find out the most possible cause of the problem.
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Prevention Of Leg Pain
While not all forms of leg pain can be prevented, some of the most common conditions that cause leg pain often respond to preventive measures such as the following:
Increase activity gradually Dont jump into a high-intensity exercise routine. Instead, work up to a higher intensity level to avoid injury.
Mix up your exercise Dont do the same kind of exercise over and over, day after day. A varied exercise routine is less likely to cause injury.
Wear supportive shoes Make sure your exercise shoes have enough heel cushioning and arch support.
Stretch regularly Leg stretches may help avoid cramps, and stretching your calf muscles, in particular, can help prevent Achilles tendinitis.
Build bone strength Consuming enough calcium-rich foods and vitamin D may help prevent bone fractures.
Stay hydrated Getting enough fluids may help you avoid leg cramps.
Maintain a healthy weight and dont smoke These lifestyle factors can help prevent cardiovascular problems affecting your legs.
Dont sit still for too long Sitting for extended periods can increase the risk of blood clots in your legs.
Eat plenty of nutrient-rich foods and protein
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Posterior Knee Pain Exercises
Pain behind the knee can be quite debilitating, as we use our legs to walk every day. If you are unfortunate enough to suffer from knee pain, certain exercises may help.
Prone wall stretches While standing, lay your back flat on the surface of a wall. Place the heel of your injured knee on to the wall without bending the knee. Increase the stretch by moving your body closer to the wall and hold for 30 seconds. Then slowly move your body away from the wall, decreasing the stretch. Repeat this exercise about eight times.
Leg to chest maneuver While sitting upright in a firm chair, place both feet firmly on the floor. Now, slowly lift the leg with the contracted muscles off the floor and bend your knee as you lift your leg toward your chest. You can also place your hand behind your knee to increase the stretch. Hold this position for five seconds. This exercise will help to loosen your contracted hamstrings.
Upright wall stretch Stand about three feet from the wall as you open your palm and place them on to the wall at shoulder level. Now slowly lean forward, bending at your elbows and keeping the rest of your body straight. It is also important to keep your feet flat on the ground while doing this to stretch the calf muscles.
Does Sciatica Cause Pain Behind The Knee
Sciatica pain radiates along the sciatic nerve, usually from the low back, down the buttocks, into the thigh and leg. One hallmark of classic sciatica is the pain and symptoms are felt below the knee and sometimes into the foot and great toe. Usually, sciatica only affects one side of the lower body.
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Treating A Baker’s Cyst
Treatment will not usually be necessary if you have a Baker’s cyst that is not causing any symptoms.
Painkillers such as paracetamol and ibuprofen can be used to reduce the swelling and relieve any pain. A knee support or an ice pack may also help. A bag of frozen peas wrapped in a tea towel works well as an ice pack.
If you have an underlying condition that’s causing your cyst, it’s important that the condition is properly managed. The cyst may disappear when the condition causing it has been treated.
In some cases, it may be possible to drain the cyst. Surgery may also be needed to repair any significant damage around the knee joint.
Page last reviewed: 04 October 2021 Next review due: 04 October 2024