Bone On Bone Knee Pain: Non
Patients who suffer from bone on bone pain tend to feel aching, stiffness, soreness, or pain in the knee which prevents them from moving or bending the knee comfortably. After an extended period of time living with this pain, patients will seek out any kind of solution that will help get their lives back on track.
Traditionally, knee replacement surgeries were the most common solution to serious bone on bone knee pain. But such surgeries brought with them other complications, including the frustrating return of pain. Rather than undergoing dangerous and invasive surgeries with long recovery times and copious amounts of prescription pain pills, patients have started choosing stem cell therapy as a non-surgical solution to stop their knee pain once and for all.
What Questions Might A Healthcare Provider Ask To Diagnose Arthritis Of The Knee
Your healthcare provider will interview you when you report your symptoms. Some questions might include:
- Does anyone in your family have arthritis of the knee?
- Does your knee swell up?
- Is your skin often red?
- Is your skin often warm?
- Do you have symptoms in one knee or both?
- How long have you had these symptoms?
- What medications do you take?
- How severe is your pain?
- Do you struggle to walk?
- Do the symptoms interfere with your daily activities?
Regenerative Cell Therapies For Bone
Regenerative cell therapy is a fairly new, and rapidly growing type of joint treatment that harnesses the bodys own healing abilities. It is a far gentler, and more natural technique that avoids the radical deconstruction of a joint that occurs with a replacement. With this method, a specialist in regenerative medicine will carefully analyze the problem area and diagnose it with medical imaging. This ensures that the most appropriate treatment plan will be prescribed.
Depending on the results of imaging, the process can look something like this:
Don’t Miss: How To Get Up Off The Floor With Bad Knees
Prp And Stem Cell Injections
Platelet-rich plasma injections are created using your own blood centrifuged to concentrate platelets in the plasma while getting rid of white and red blood cells.
The concentrated PRP is injected into your joint to attract growth factors to the area and speed healing. Stem cells perform a similar task, boosting the regenerative power of your system and relieving pain in the process.
How Do Prolotherapy Injections Work For Knee Pain
In this section, we will discuss Prolotherapy knee osteoarthritis injections. Prolotherapy is a remarkable treatment in its simplicity. The treatment can help many patients avoid joint replacement. But it is not a miracle cure. The research and evidence for how Prolotherapy may help you are presented here and intermingled with our own 28+ years of empirical observation of patient benefit.
A June 2022 paper in the journal Clinical Rehabilitation describes the controversies and benefits of Prolotherapy injections. In examining previously published data, the researchers found: Compared with placebo injection and noninvasive control therapy, dextrose Prolotherapy had favorable effects on pain, global function, and quality of life during the overall follow-up. The researchers then concluded: Dextrose Prolotherapy may have dose-dependent and time-dependent effects on pain reduction and function recovery, respectively, in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Due to remarkable heterogeneity and the risk of biases across the included trials, the study results should be cautiously interpreted.
You May Like: How To Exercise With Knee Pain
Which Exercises Can Make Your Pain Worse If You Have Bone
Many exercises can be painful and impact knee joints in patients with bone-on-bone arthritis. Running is one of the most impactful exercises but can vary based on surface, duration, weight, and other factors.
Patients who like to maintain an active lifestyle can reduce their impact by stepping down their specific exercises. The following exercises are listed in order from most to least impactful on the knee joint:
- Running on Concrete
- Using a Stationary Bike
Simple Tips To Prevent Bone
Bone-on-bone knee pain is caused by wearing away cartilage between joints which creates less space for new cartilage to grow.
To prevent this from happening,
You should also try exercising in ways that do not put pressure on your knees such as dancing or cycling depending on your comfort level.
Thanks for these exercises, they will help a lot!Connie
Don’t Miss: Does Exercise Help Arthritic Knees
You Are Sitting In The Orthopedists Office: The Discussion Turns To Cortisone
If you have been to your orthopedist recently and are planning treatment options or surgical options you may have been given a paper handout or webpage to visit or verbal advice on what to expect if you are getting a cortisone injection into your knee.
You may have been told:
The cortisone injection is to help you now, it is not a permanent solution.
- It is to hold you over until a more effective plan can be introduced.
Physical therapy may be an option instead of the cortisone injection
- You may then be suggested to physical therapy or continued physical therapy. As we will see below, research suggests that physical therapy would work better than cortisone. But while that may be true for some, it is likely that you are at the cortisone or repeated cortisone injection stage because physical therapy has not worked for you. So you have been to physical therapy and it has not helped you. That is why you are getting the cortisone shot. In fact, you may have tried, yoga, stretching, exercise, and massage for knee pain, and these treatments just didnt help.
The Cortisone Knee Injection Debate Goes On
A December 2020 study published in the medical journal Rheumatology gives this overview assessment of the debate surrounding the use of cortisone for a bone-on-bone knee. Here are the summary learning points:
- Existing data indicate that intra-articular corticosteroids in knee osteoarthritis provide short-term pain relief and functional improvement which may last from one to several weeks.
- At present, synovitis is the most important predictor of treatment response, and also a target for anti-inflammatory treatment for intra-articular corticosteroids.
- Our explanatory note: If you have a lot of knee swelling, cortisone may be of benefit. Please see our article treating chronic knee swelling.
Returning to the research study:
- subgroup of patients with the inflammatory phenotype with clinical features of pain, stiffness, joint swelling, and effusion are expected to be more responsive than other phenotypes who do not display clinical manifestations of inflammation.
- Our explanatory note: If you do not have chronic knee swelling, cortisone may not be an answer for you.
Returning to the research study: In some people swelling comes and goes, it is hard to suggest who cortisone would be successful for among these people.
Returning to the research study: The more suitable cortisone patient is:
The evidence then was a summary of the effects of cortisone on articular cartilage which included:
Read Also: What Would Cause Knee Pain And Swelling
How Does Osteoarthritis In The Knee Affect My Body
Knee pain is the most common symptom of osteoarthritis in the knee, making it painful for you to jog, run, climb stairs or kneel. It can also make your knees feel stiff or swollen. Over time, osteoarthritis of the knee can change the shape of your knee joint, making your joint feel unstable or wobbly.
Cortisone Can Make Bone On Bone Worse By Thinning Out The Meniscus But One Injection Appears Okay
One of the reasons that you are considering a knee replacement or are thinking about getting a cortisone injection is because you have been told you have a bone-on-bone knee. So the idea that cortisone may make this worse by thinning out your meniscus is concerning doctors.
In August of 2020 in the journal Scientific Reports doctors expressed concerns about damaging the meniscus tissue with cortisone injections. It should be noted that this researchs main findings were that it was okay to get one cortisone injection. For many people, one injection would be considered safe. Here are the learning points of that research:
- Although intra-articular corticosteroid injections are commonly used for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis, there is controversy regarding possible side effects on the knee joint structure.
- In this study, the effects of intra-articular corticosteroid injections on worsening the knee structure and creating greater pain were examined.
- Findings: No significant effect of the intra-articular corticosteroid injections were found on the rate of cartilage loss nor on any other knee structural changes or patient-reported pain scores. In conclusion, a single intra-articular corticosteroid injection for the treatment of osteoarthritis-related knee pain was shown to be safe with no negative impact on structural changes, but there was a transient meniscal thickness reduction, a phenomenon for which the clinical relevance is at present unknown.
Also Check: Does Aleve Help With Knee Pain
The Efficacy Of Intra
An August 2021 paper from the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center published in The American Journal of Sports Medicine compared the effectiveness of PRP against other knee injections in younger patients and those without severe degenerative changes. The reason? is that the efficacy of intra-articular injections as a nonoperative modality for treating symptomatic knee osteoarthritis-related pain while maintaining function has become a subject of increasing interest.
In this study the following treatments were compared:
- Hyaluronic acid.
- and plasma rich in growth factors .
Electrical Stimulation Combined With Corticosteroid Injection
Electrical Dry Needling is electric stimulation in needle form. A 2022 study in the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation added electric stimulation, in needle form, to a group of knee osteoarthritis patients treatment. In this study, sixty patients with knee osteoarthritis were divided into two groups, one with electrical dry needling plus corticosteroid injection group or corticosteroid injection alone.
The corticosteroid injection group received one glucocorticoid injection during the study and the electrical dry needling plus corticosteroid injection group received a glucocorticoid injection combined with four sessions of electrical-Electrical Dry Needling.
Results: Electrical Dry Needling therapy at myofascial trigger points combined with corticosteroid injection is more effective at alleviating pain, improving dysfunction, and global change than corticosteroid injection alone for patients with knee osteoarthritis. Electrical Dry Needling may be an essential part of treatment for knee osteoarthritis rehabilitation. Over the years we have seen patients who initially did very well with some type of electric stimulation therapy. Unfortunately for many the results were not long-lasting and for this and other clinical observations we do not offer this treatment for knee pain.
Read Also: Why Do My Knees Crack When I Bend Them
Viscosupplementation Is Ideal For Patients With Mild To Moderate Oa Of The Knee
It may be especially useful for patients who have not responded to other OA treatments, such as physical therapy, weight loss, pain relievers, and cortisone injections.
The benefits of viscosupplementation injections are not immediate. Because the injections are given over time, you may begin to feel some benefit after the first injection, but the greatest benefit may not be felt until several weeks after your first injection. Most patients report the greatest decrease in discomfort occurs eight to 12 weeks after the initial injection. The injections should be repeated every six months for greatest relief.
But how can you be sure that your symptoms are related to OA?
The Best Treatments For Bone On Bone Knee Pain Vary Depending On The Individual
Because bone on bone knee symptoms and conditions vary from person to person, there is no one-size-fits-all treatment for this issue. In addition to pain-relieving drugs, injections, exercise, weight loss, and knee braces, there are other options. There is evidence that regenerative rehabilitation, which employs techniques such as cellular therapy, can help to repair micro tears in ligaments that have been worn down on a regular basis and stabilized.
Also Check: Why Does My Right Knee Hurt
What Is The Best Home Remedy For Bone On Bone Knee Pain
In addition to relieving joint stiffness, hot compression works well for joint pain cold compression works well for joint pain. According to the Arthritis Foundation, heat is thought to help relieve stiff joints and muscles, whereas cold is thought to help relieve pain and inflammation. An injection of compressed air is useful for reducing muscle pain or spasms around a joint.
One of the most common causes of arthritis of all ages is knee pain. An injury to the cartilage or the ligament may be the source of this condition. Gout, arthritis, knee infections, pain, and stiffness are just a few of the medical conditions that can contribute to the state. A kneecap can be broken during an engine vehicle crash or fall, as can bones in the knee. It is usually possible for people with osteoporosis to start a knee crack by venturing incorrectly. Athletes who compete in jumping games, skiers, cyclists, and those who are accustomed to bouncing games may experience irritation in the patellar ligaments. In some cases, the joint of your knee may be disorganized, causing pain and redness.
It is critical to consult with your doctor about any supplement you are taking because there may be interactions between them and other medications you are taking. Always look for the label of the supplement before using it, as well as make sure it is safe for you.
When To Consider Knee Replacement Surgery
Knee surgery becomes an option when your quality of life has severely deteriorated due to osteoarthritis, and no conservative treatment eases the symptoms.
This usually happens in the severe stages of cartilage degeneration. However, incapacitating symptoms can be present in the early phases as well, requiring surgery to relieve the pain.
Yet, total knee replacement is not the only surgery available for knee osteoarthritis. There are other options that may be more appropriate for certain people.
Read Also: How Do You Strengthen Your Knees
Reduce Knee Osteoarthritis Pain And Keep Running
If you have knee osteoarthritis, there are some things you can do to relieve the pain and keep you running. First, you should consult with your doctor to determine the severity of your arthritis. Mild conservative treatments, such as exercise and bracing, may be all that is required. If your arthritis is more severe, you may need to take more pain medications like ibuprofen or naproxen. Furthermore, you may be advised to wear a knee brace to support your joint. Finally, consider running on a softer surface like sand or grass.
Direct Injection Of Fat Stem Cells
In reviewing the cumulative research of both animal and human studies, doctors at the Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute in Italy, published in the journal Stem Cell International, found the injection of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells was first, safe and effective, and that secondly, several aspects favor the use of freshly harvested adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell instead of expanded or cultured adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell.
Lets explore this research a little further. The researchers looked at 11 clinical studies. In these studies, the application of fat stem cells into the knee was performed in many different ways including during arthroscopic knee procedures. This is what they found:
- Ten out of the 11 clinical studies reported the use of non-expanded autologous adipose-derived stem cells.
- Adipose tissue was obtained by liposuction from the abdominal area or buttocks in all cases, except for two studies where infrapatellar fad pad tissue was harvested during knee arthroscopy.
- However, in the studies where infrapatellar fad pad tissue was used, those studies authors concluded that more adipose-derived stem cells can be obtained from the buttocks than from infrapatellar fad pad, with the same differentiation potential in both sources.
The published results of this study were:
Read Also: What Is The Reason For Knee Joint Pain
Types Of Knee Brace For Bone On Bone
Once your knee osteoarthritis has progressed to the stage where there is bone on bone contact, you will likely benefit most from an offloader brace. These braces are designed to address moderate to severe osteoarthritis specifically. There are two main types of offlaoders. Each works in a different way to relieve bone on bone contact and pain.
Knee Replacement Surgery Not A Permanent Cure
Typically, the new metal joint from a knee replacement can last between 10 and 15 years. Because of this, even with a perfect procedure, many patients will need two or even more replacements in their lifetime, depending on their age at the time of the first procedure. Although most replacements are done on patients between the age of 60 and 80, there are now people even younger being recommended for this surgery.
This translates to about 700,000 Americans, according to the CDC, now having a knee replacement every year. And, approximately 105,000 of those patients will be back in the hospital for a repeat surgery long before 15 years, especially if they are obese or extremely active.
You May Like: How Long Does It Take To Heal After Knee Replacement