Thursday, May 23, 2024
HomeArthritisStrengthening Exercises For Knee Osteoarthritis

Strengthening Exercises For Knee Osteoarthritis

Ways To Build Strength And Stretch Your Knees

YOGA FOR KNEE ARTHRITIS PAIN | Knee Strengthening Exercises for Osteoarthritis

Regularly performing some of these recommended exercises for knee osteoarthritis may help improve your function and mobility:

Talk to your doctor before making any changes to your exercise routine, and consider consulting with a physical therapist about which movements to do and when. Once you begin exercising, be sure to take it slow and easy. And remember: Activity, not inactivity, will bring the best results.

Additional reporting by Madeline Vann, MPH

Pillow Press Between The Thigh

Now we have to also strengthen the muscles on the inner side of our thigh, so to do this you have to come to the lying position on your back. In this position bend both of your knees and place a layer of two pillows between your thighs. Now simply press the pillow between the thigh and hold it for 5 seconds and then relax it. Repeat this process a minimum of 20 to 25 times however the more you do the better it is. As I said this muscle is aimed To strengthen the hip adductors muscles.

Knee Osteoarthritis: Exercise Therapy More Effective Than Surgery

Knee osteoarthritis means that your knee hurts and your doctor does not know the cause. With aging, a person wears away the shock-absorbing cartilage in the knees, which increases risk for pain and swelling. Often people with knee osteoarthritis have perfectly normal MRIs of their knee cartilage, and people with MRI evidence of torn cartilage often have no pain or swelling. Many studies present overwhelming evidence that surgery for torn knee cartilage does not reduce knee pain or swelling in the long run. Indeed, studies show that exercise is more effective than operations in treating people with knee pain and degenerative meniscal tears .

An editorial in the same issue of BMJ states, The surgery is a highly questionable practice without supporting evidence of even moderate quality . . . the latest nail into what should be a sealing coffin. Surgery has not been shown to be more effective than exercise in treating knee osteoarthritis and arthroscopic partial meniscectomy is not more effective than sham placebo surgery for a degenerative meniscal tear .

The stages of osteoarthritis, as demonstrated in the knee joint

Don’t Miss: Can Knee Pain Cause Calf Pain

Stage#1 Acute Stage Of Oa Knee

The acute stage is characterised by severe and acute pain and inflammation/swelling around the joint. During this stage one becomes almost bed-rid, they become disabled out of pain and walking becomes near impossible. So the goal for knee physical therapy in the acute stage would be pain reduction, reducing inflammation, and maintaining strength and endurance. But how could we meet these three treatment goals of acute

  • Paraffin wax bath.
  • For maintaining strength and endurance we suggest static strengthening exercises. Let us discuss it one by one and try to understand its importance and implications.

    Rest

    Rest is very important during the acute stage as movement can further increase the pain and inflammations of the knee. Rest could be general bed rest, which we recommend during this stage. Or if a person can somehow manage to walk, local knee rest using a hinged knee cap can work like a miracle.

    Shortwave diathermy

    This is a heating device you can find in any well-equipped physiotherapy centre. It uses electromagnetic radiation to produce heat inside the joint. It has a benefit over other heating devices as it can produce a heating effect deep inside our joint/ body.

    If you want to learn more about SWD in physiotherapy you can for more.

    Paraffin wax therapy for knee pain

    In this technique wax is heated /melted to a comfortable temperature of 30-40 degrees Celsius. Everything is done on a special apparatus specially designed for physiotherapy.

    Interferential therapy

    Benefits Of Exercise For Knees

    Low Impact Exercises For Knee Arthritis / best low impact exercises to ...

    Stiffness is frequently a cause of knee pain. Inactivity can make the discomfort worse and make it more difficult to carry out regular tasks. Exercise, on the other hand, aids in the strengthening of all the knee-supporting muscles, preventing knee pain. Your range of motion and flexibility can both be enhanced through exercise. Remember, stronger muscles result in less impact and strain on your knee, which makes it easier for your knee joints to move.

    Also Check: When Is The Right Time To Have Knee Replacement Surgery

    How Do I Start Exercising

    Your doctor or physical therapist will tell you which exercises are right for you.

    Start slowly. Building muscle strength takes time. As you get stronger, gradually increase the number of exercise repetitions or add weight to an exercise.

    Do not ignore pain. You should not feel serious pain during an exercise. You might feel discomfort because you are challenging your muscles, but not pain. If an exercise hurts, stop the exercise.

    Do not overdo it. You should not feel serious pain after exercise. It is typical to feel stiff or a bit sore the day after you exercise. If you feel so sore that it is difficult to move, then you have overdone your exercise. Rest is the best thing for your sore muscles.

    Ask questions. Talk to your doctor or therapist if you have any pain or are unsure of how many exercises to do, or how often to do them.

    Easy Exercises For Knee With Osteoarthritis

    Osteoarthritis knee pain is the most frequent reason for knee pain, disability, and loss of function at the age of 45 and above. According to a study, OA is a major public health concern worldwide over the past decades. Though osteoarthritis can affect other joints as well like the hand and hip, but, it frequently affects the knee joint. The study also gives emphasis on the importance of exercise and lifestyle as there is no nonsurgical intervention that can prevent, halt, or even delay the progression of this disorder. Moreover, the available medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs come with side effects like the risk of myocardial infarction or death from cardiovascular causes1. To minimise the acuteness of hydrocortisone knee injections might be administered during which exercises are encouraged.

    In this article, we will discuss the simple yet effective exercises for knee with osteoarthritis that anyone can learn and perform at home. So, let us get started.

  • Xray of knee with osteoarthritis
  • Recommended Reading: How To Help Knee Pain From Working Out

    Resistance Exercise Evidence From Randomized Controlled Trials

    Resistance can be applied through various methods but for consistency of definition, this review will focus on randomized controlled trials that used weight machines or free weights .1621 The most commonly utilized regimens involved exercise three days per week, with 23 sets per exercise at 815 repetitions per set. Resistance loads varied among studies from relatively high resistance 19 to low resistance .20 The efficacy of RX on OA symptoms and disability was tested against a variety of other regimens including hydrotherapy ,18 aerobic exercise ,16, 22, 23 and range of motion exercises .21 Other studies compared RX to sham RX 19, self-management programs, and even health educational control interventions.16, 17 The health education and self management programs provided attention, social interaction, and osteoarthritis education with exposure to coping skills, promotion of the use adaptive strategies and decreased reliance on avoiding activities or allowing others to perform the tasks for them. Study samples ranged from 54365 and were conducted in the United States, Australia and Europe.

    Clinical And Research Implications

    The BEST knee exercise for arthritis INSTANT results

    This study has confirmed that exercise is a medicine. Its analgesic effect is similar to that obtained from the most commonly used analgesics, oral NSAIDs and paracetamol, without serious side effects as those associated with oral NSAIDs and paracetamol. The findings support the current recommendation of using exercise as a core therapy for OA. It also suggests that exercise may be used as an analgesic replacement therapy for older people with comorbidity or multimorbidity and people at higher risk of adverse events related to NSAIDs and paracetamol. However, it is worth emphasising that although there is no direct evidence that exercise has significant side effects in the treatment of knee or hip OA, inadequate type and intensity of exercise might aggravate the symptoms and progression of OA.

    Don’t Miss: How Long Do Gel Knee Injections Last

    Proper Oseteoarthritis Treatment Includes Exercise

    There’s no cure for osteoarthritis, but there is a lot you can do to slow its progression, reduce pain, and maintain or improve function. Losing weight can be particularly helpful if you’re overweight or obese. You can often relieve pain with over-the-counter analgesics such as acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , including ibuprofen and aspirin. The use of canes, splints, or braces may be necessary to protect a joint from further injury.

    But if there’s one osteoarthritis treatment an individual with osteoarthritis should do every day, it’s exercise. Regular exercise strengthens muscles and improves flexibility and balance. It not only helps ease pain and stiffness but also improves overall health. It’s also good for your mood and for staving off other conditions prevalent in older age.

    Exercise as an integral part of prevention and treatment of osteoarthritis, especially in people ages 65 and over. After reviewing the evidence, the group also concluded that moderate-intensity exercise does not as some have feared increase the risk for osteoarthritis.

    Research suggests that older women may be able to prevent osteoarthritis pain by getting as little as one to two hours of moderately intense physical activity each week. Lack of exercise may contribute directly to osteoarthritis, especially by causing the atrophy of supportive and shock-absorbing muscles, such as those surrounding the knee.

    Understanding Knee With Osteoarthritis

    Lets start this article with a case study. A 58-year-old lady is complaining of knee pain for since 5 months. She has trouble getting up from sitting, using stairs, walking for more than 10 min. She no longer goes out to market, visit outside or go out with family. Her increasing knee pain and stiffness made her difficult to continue her daily activities for which she visited her family physician. Her knee X-Ray shows decreased joint space. She has been prescribed medication and referred to the Physiotherapy department for further management.

    If you experience the same kind of knee pain with all the symptoms mentioned above then most probably it is due to the Osteoarthritis of the knee joint.

    You May Like: How To Get Rid Of Jumper’s Knee

    General Tips For Knee Osteoarthritis Exercise

  • Talk with your doctor or healthcare practitioner before starting any exercise program, or before making any changes to one theyve provided or recommended. If you have any concerns about your pain level or experience an increase in symptoms, check in with them.
  • Exercising cold increases your chance of injury because the muscles and joints are stiff and inflexible. Warm muscles and joints move more fluidly and easily, helping prevent injury.
  • Warm up with some light stretches or a gentle 10-minute walk before beginning your exercise routine. The Arthritis Foundation has videos of good warm-up and cool-down exercises you can try.

    You may want to wear sweatpants to help keep your joints and muscles warm. You can also use a moist heating pack or pad on your stiff knee about 15 minutes before exercise.

  • Wear good, supportive shoes. Even during low impact exercise, they can help absorb the shock of your feet striking or pressing against the ground. This helps protect your joints.
  • Exercise is not a competition. Start with the lowest number of repetitions and gradually increase as you gain strength and flexibility.
  • Dont abruptly stop moving after your routine. Do some light stretches to cool down. This will help prevent your muscles from tightening up, which can make them more prone to injury.
  • If you experience mild pain or swelling after exercise, an ice pack may help prevent and relieve it.
  • How To Do These Strength Moves

    Pin on knee exercises

    Keep it slow3 seconds to lift, 3 seconds to lower, says Wayne Westcott, Ph.D., a professor of exercise science at Quincy College and author of Strength Training Past 50. If using weight, use 60% to 70% of your 1-rep maxthe most you can lift one time. For all moves, do 1 to 4 sets of 12 to 15 repetitions, two or three days a week.

    Recommended Reading: How To Get Rid Of Dark Knees

    Stretching Exercises For Knee Osteoarthritis

    Stretching can help minimize the loss of flexibility in and around your knee. You want to make sure youre stretching your hamstrings, quads, calves and hip flexors to help address any stiffness you might feel, says Dr. Orlandi.

    Examples include:

    • Hamstring stretch. Stand in front of a chair or steps. Place your right foot on the chair or step, with your heel on the surface and toes pointed up. Slowly bend forward at the waist, keeping your back as straight as possible. You should feel the stretch in the back of your thigh. Hold for a few at least 10 seconds before returning to standing. Alternate feet and repeat 5-10 times.
    • Quad stretch. While standing, bend your left leg back, bringing your heel toward your butt. Grab your foot with your left hand and hold. Try to bring your left thigh back until its even with your right thigh. Hold for at least 10 seconds. Alternate legs and repeat 5-10 times.
    • Calf raises. Stand on a step with your heels hanging over the edge. Rise up on your toes and then slowly drop your heels down until theyre below the level of the step. Hold for at least 10 seconds. Repeat 10 times.

    Give yoga a try, too, to keep your joints and muscles in tip-top shape.

    Clinical Feature Of Osteoarthritis Knee

  • Pain: there is an insidious onset of pain with activities involving weight-bearing and knee flexion activities. Activities such as walking, stair climbing, squatting, sitting with knee bend, and getting up after sitting are painful.
  • Swelling and inflammation: patient develops low-grade inflammation.
  • Stiffness: later on one complains of morning pain and stiffness which is relieved with movement and activities.
  • Unable to bend the knee.
  • Crepitus: it is a characteristic sound on the movement of the knee.
  • Bony enlargement.
  • Muscle wasting and weakness: due to the long period of unused joint muscle becomes weak and muscle bulk reduces .
  • Read Also: How To Whiten Dark Knees

    Search Of Published Reports

    The search strategy identified 35 RCTs of exercise therapy for knee osteoarthritis., The flow of RCTs through the analysis is shown in fig 1. Twenty eight RCTs were potentially appropriate for inclusion, but seven of these did not include pain or self reported disability as outcome measures., The authors of one other RCT were contacted for further information. This study gave only composite Western Ontario/McMaster Universities arthritis index scores and omitted disaggregated scores for pain and physical function. No reply was received from the authors despite repeated attempts to contact them and so the study was excluded.

    Effect of exercise on self reported disability.

    Benefits Of Knee Exercises

    4 Quadriceps (VMO) Strengthening Exercises for Painful Knees

    Strong muscles support the knee joint and help maintain healthy joint space between the bones. Without exercise, the muscles become weak and joint space is reduced, increasing joint friction and worsening knee arthritis.

    Exercise can provide multiple benefits to people who have or are at risk of knee arthritis, including:

    Pain reduction. Exercise strengthens muscles, and stronger muscles can better support joints. By strengthening the quadriceps, hamstrings, and other muscles surrounding the knee, the knee becomes more stable and bones experience less impact during weight bearing, which in turn reduces pain. Exercise also releases endorphins, the bodys natural painkillers.

    See Exercising with Arthritis

    Studies show that people who participate in land-based exercise and/or strength training routines rate their knee pain 10 to 15% lower than people who do not exercise.2Fransen M, Mcconnell S, Harmer AR, Van der esch M, Simic M, Bennell KL. Exercise for osteoarthritis of the knee. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 1:CD004376. This reduction can make the difference between needing pain medication or not.

    Increased range of motion and function. Pain can discourage a person from being active, which can lead to joint stiffness and muscle weakness, which can lead to even more pain. Regular exercise will help the knee joint and surrounding muscles remain limber, thereby increasing knee function.

    See Ways to Get Exercise When You Have Arthritis

    Don’t Miss: What Kind Of Doctor Do I See For Knee Pain

    Exercise And Knee Pain

    If your knee pain is due to an injury, surgery, or arthritis, gentle stretching and strengthening exercises may help ease the pain while also improving your flexibility and range of motion.

    Exercising a knee thats injured or arthritic may seem counterintuitive, but in fact, exercise is better for your knee than keeping it still. Not moving your knee can cause it to stiffen, and this may worsen the pain and make it harder to go about your daily activities.

    Gentle stretching and strengthening exercises can strengthen the muscles that support your knee joint. Having stronger muscles can reduce the impact and stress on your knee, and help your knee joint move more easily.

    Before you start an exercise program for knee pain, be sure to talk to your doctor or physical therapist to make sure the exercises are safe for you. Depending on your situation, they may recommend some modifications.

    Knee Strengthening Exercises For Osteoarthritis

    • AposHealth Staff

    When everyday activities make your arthritic knee feel stiff and sore, exercising your knee may seem like the last thing youd want to do. However, regular exercise can be helpful for managing osteoarthritic knee pain. Studies show that exercise can be a good way to manage pain and improve function.

    Recommended Reading: How To Treat Eczema Behind Knees

    Study Selection And Characteristics

    The search strategy retrieved 46635 related articles after duplicates were removed. After title or abstract screening, the full texts of 2738 potentially eligible articles were reviewed . Of these, 152 studies met the inclusion criteria for NMA. The network of all treatment comparisons analysed for pain and function is presented in and . The assumption of transitivity was met as we used the same definition of the common comparator. It was confirmed by comparing distributions of baseline characteristics where no variability was observed in the study .

    Forest plots depicting estimates from direct and indirect comparison for exercise to oral NSAIDs and paracetamol. CrI, credible interval NSAIDs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs SMD, standardised mean difference.

    RELATED ARTICLES

    Popular Articles