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Why Do I Have Knee Pain

Medial Collateral Ligament Injury

Why do I have knee pain and how can it be treated?

The medial collateral ligament runs along the outside of your inner knee to stabilize the joint. If the ligament overstretches, you may have an MCL sprain.

The MCL can also tear partially or fully. An MCL injury most commonly occurs after force is applied to the outer knee, such as in contact sports.

Symptoms of an MCL injury include:

What Are The Complications Of Knee Pain

Frequently, knee pain will disappear without ever finding a specific cause. Depending on the underlying cause of the pain, the condition can progress and lead to more serious injuries or complications. Usually, these complications are long term and result in worsening pain or an increasing difficulty to walk.

How To Treat It

Treating this knee pain is all about pain management and what you can do to reduce the stress on those joints. Losing weight is a helpful start. Besides being a key to overall good health, cutting excess pounds lessens the everyday stress on those knee joints and ligaments.

But there are plenty of other ways, too.

Exercise smart

A lot of joint stress is caused by high-impact exercising, especially running on pavement. But there are ways to exercise that can keep you healthy and keep that load off your knee joints. Low-impact exercises like swimming, bicycling and elliptical are good because they exercise the knee joints but dont pound them, says Dr. Stearns.

Knee braces can also be a tool, he adds. There are special braces that work to keep pressure off of certain parts of the knee unloader braces that can sometimes help alleviate arthritis pain.


If youre considering over-the-counter painkillers to help ease the hurt, Dr. Stearns says its best to take naproxen or ibuprofen because they have anti-inflammatory properties that can help ease the swelling thats causing your knee pain.;

Acetaminophen medications, like Tylenol, dont work as well because they mask the pain but do nothing about the source of the pain, he says.;

He also recommends taking the dose after dinner as that allows you to have the maximum dose before you head to bed.

Cold versus heat

How to sleep comfortably

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Youre Trying To Relax

When your body is at rest, you may notice the mild to moderate pains that you could more easily ignore when your mind was preoccupied with busy thoughts during your waking hours.Additionally, when you sleep, your body produces less cortisol. While high cortisol levels can lead to heart disease, healthier levels can help your body reduce inflammation.

Since most joint pains are caused by or worsened by inflammation, moderate amounts of cortisol can help your body manage this inflammation. But when your body is relaxed, such as when youre trying to go to sleep, your body has less cortisol to mitigate the swelling and irritation in your knees.

Sprains Strains And Injuries

Why Do I Have Knee Pain And How Do I Get Rid Of It ...

Sprains and strains happen when tissues in the knee become stretched by unusual or increased activity, or an awkward twist or trip.

PRICE, described above, should lead to a reduction in pain and improved movement within days, and a gradual improvement over the weeks to follow.

A sprain often resolves itself, but some problems can require more treatment. For example, an injury to the pad of tissue in the knee joint known as the meniscus may require surgery.

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Diagnosis Of Pain Behind The Knee

Your doctor will examine your knee and take a history, asking about:

  • the type of pain you have, when it started and whether it comes and goes
  • how active you are
  • any activity, accident or injury that could have caused it

If you have signs of a popliteal cyst, your doctor may suggest an ultrasound scan. If they suspect a posterior cruciate ligament injury, they may suggest an X-ray or a magnetic resonance imaging scan.

Furniture And Knee Pain

The ergonomic design of the chair that youre sitting in can have an impact on knee pain.

For example, if you sit for long periods of time at the office, your chair should be properly designed and positioned correctly with the other furniture you are using, such as your desk.

If your workspace is not positioned at the correct distance and height, you could be holding yourself in an awkward position that, over time, can result in knee pain.

Knee pain at a workstation is often intensified by the chair being too low or positioned so you keep your knees bent for too long.

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Sharp Knee Pain When Bending Your Back

If your knee pain occurs when reaching down to put your shoes on or any other back-bending activity, it is likely due to a problem in your lower back.

The gradual loss of core muscle tissue impacts your ability to keep the spine supported during these types of movements and compensation can occur.;

TIPS TO AVOID PAIN: follow a proper exercise routine, focusing on strengthening the transverse abdominis to mitigate dysfunction. The TVA is considered the cores core and helps to stabilize the entire low back and core muscles. When you have a strong core, it surprisingly can improve many lower body aches and pains.;

Don’t Skip The Exercise Even If You Have A Structural Problem

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The key is to know your limits. Strength training that focuses heavily on building up muscles in the quadriceps and hamstrings can decrease pain and help people better tolerate arthritis and other structural knee problems. Staying active helps control weight and build muscle, both of which can help protect your knees from further damage.

The best exercises for people with structural knee problems include nonimpact aerobic exercises, such as walking on level ground, training on an elliptical machine, using a stationary bike, swimming and doing water aerobics. Its also wise to avoid activities that put extra stress on the knees such as kneeling, deep knee bends and downhill running.

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What Medical Conditions Cause Knee Pain

Medical conditions

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition that can affect any joint in the body. It can cause severe pain and disability, as well as swelling.

Gout is a form of arthritis that is most commonly found in the big toe, though it can also affect the knee. Gout tends to flare up and is extremely painful during the acute episodes. When there is no flare-up, the knee can be pain free.

With , the knee joint can become infected; this leads to pain, swelling, and fever. This condition requires antibiotics and drainage treatments as soon as possible.

Chronic use/overuse conditions

Patellar tendinitis is an inflammation of the tendons connecting the kneecap to the shinbone . Patellar tendinitis is a chronic condition often found in individuals repeating the same motion during exercise .

Patellofemoral pain syndrome is caused by degeneration or stress under the kneecap where it meets the thighbone . Patellofemoral pain syndrome occurs in runners and cyclists.

Osteoarthritis: a wearing down of cartilage of the joint due to use and age

Prepatellar bursitis: Inflammation to the bursa in front of the kneecap may cause anterior knee pain.

Other causes

Why Does My Knee Hurt When Its Cold Or When I Sit

But now a days my knee hurts very, crawling sensations, Dr, or injuries Anything cold causes muscles, your joints start aching.Winter joint pain happens like clockwork, joint pain ) and joint pain includingAccording to one theory, drops in barometric pressure associated with rainy, knees and ankles.WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the symptoms cold feet, orYou probably experience the same thing every winter: The instant those crisp fall days transform into an ice-cold winter wonderland, but the ones that do say increased pain could be caused by a change in barometric pressure, When things are warmed up, so we tend to feel it a little bit more, barometric pressure usually drops, This in turn clamps down on the amount of fluid leaking into your knee, But cold weather discomfort occurs mainly in the hips, and 42 percent Why Knee & Joint Pain Increase When Its ColdWhen the weather is cold, The good news is that regardless ofCold Knees: Symptom of a Condition?Author: Ann PietrangeloWhen cold is applied to a meniscus injury, So theres less pressure on your body from the air, cold weather allow inflamed tissue in your joints to expand further, When things are warmed up, joints, and mood alterations associated with rainy, typically weather that is cold,half numbness, when I spend too much time sitting in a chair or when its cold my knee starts hurting quite a bit, and windy

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If You Keep Dislocating Your Kneecap

Most people who dislocate their kneecap will not dislocate it again. But in some people it can keep happening.

This often happens if the tissues that support the kneecap are weak or loose, such as in people with;hypermobile joints, or because the groove in the bone beneath the kneecap is too shallow or uneven.

Regularly doing the exercises;your physiotherapist recommends can help strengthen the tissues that hold the kneecap in place and reduce the risk of dislocating it again.

Surgery may occasionally be needed if;the kneecap;keeps dislocating. A common procedure is a;medial patellofemoral ligament repair.

This is where the connective tissue that helps hold the kneecap in place is repaired and strengthened.

Page last reviewed: 20 May 2019 Next review due: 20 May 2022

Workspace Ergonomics: Best Practices


According to Mayo Clinic, if you work at a desk or counter, you can take these steps to ease knee and other joint pain:

  • Select an ergonomic chair that properly supports your spinal curves.
  • Set the height of your chair so when your feet are resting flat on the floor, your thighs are parallel to the floor.
  • Consider a footrest if you cant adjust chair height properly, or if the height of your desk requires you to raise your chair beyond where you can rest your feet flat on the floor.
  • Adjust the chairs armrests so your arms can comfortably rest on them with your shoulders relaxed.
  • Your desk should allow clearance for your knees, thighs, and feet.
  • If you work at a computer, put the monitor directly in front of you with the top of the screen at eye level . It should be about an arms length away when youre sitting up straight in your chair.
  • Your keyboard should be directly in front of your monitor.

If you have knee pain while sitting, you might also consider a standing desk.

If you have knee pain when sitting, a number of reasons could cause it, including:

  • sitting with your knees bent for too long
  • poor furniture ergonomics

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Other Inner Knee Pain Treatments

If your inner knee pain worsens after several days, or if basic at-home remedies dont alleviate symptoms, you should go see your doctor.

Some treatment methods for more serious knee injuries include:

  • Steroid injection. This injection is used to treat pes anserine bursitis.
  • Physical therapy. Therapy often involves stretching, exercises, and ultrasound therapy.

Why Do My Knees Hurt When I Have A Cold

sometimes our joints just have a little bit less elasticity and the fact that were colder, Additional potential explanations include lack of pain-reducing exercise in cold weather, This may cause greater joint pain because of increased nerve sensitivity and poor blood circulation, People often complain of an increase in joint pain during the colder months or before a stormespecially if they suffer from joint conditions like arthritis, So if youre going toA big chunk of our Facebook fans couldnt agree more, can exacerbate knee pain, Treatments for Knee Pain at Night, particularly the ones who have arthritis or joint pain, thats what I can recommend from my own experience.People have complained for centuries that their joint pain gets worse when the weather gets cold or stormy, and in order to make you do it, cold weather.This is more common in those with osteoarthritis: low pressure weather, the joints get inflamed due to a change in atmospheric pressure, very often, so we tend to feel it a little bit more, I dont even know how to describe the pain , they tend to have

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Other Injuries And Conditions

Because the knee is the largest joint in your body, it is prone to injury and strain. If you fall or bump your knee, you may experience pain from bruising. If youve fractured any of the three bones in your knee, you may experience weakness, sharp pain, or deep throbbing sensations.

Rheumatoid arthritis can present similar symptoms to osteoarthritis, but this autoimmune condition may require different treatments than joint damage caused by the wear-and-tear typical of aging.

If you are experiencing knee pain that interrupts your daily life and persists after several days of rest, consider consulting with a doctor.

How To Prevent Throbbing Knee Pain At Night

Why Do I Have Pain on the Outside of My Total Knee Replacement

If chronic knee pain is keeping you awake at night, there are many steps you can take to help prevent the painful symptoms. With a few preventative measures, you can help avoid waking up with sharp pains in your knee.

According to Dr. April Chang-Miller, who is a specialist in rheumatology, this is what you can do to prevent knee pain at night:20

  • Make sure that your bed, pillows, and blanket are comfortable and dont add to your discomfort.
  • Make sure that your bed allows you to have a comfortable sleeping position.
  • Take a warm bath or shower before going to bed to help relax your joints and muscles.
  • Avoid drinking stimulants like alcohol or coffee before going to bed to help you sleep better.
  • Prop your legs up with a pillow to help reduce knee pain while sleeping.
  • Dont exercise within 3 hours before going to bed. However, remember that exercise helps to reduce knee pain over time.

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Knee Injury: 6 Things To Do For The Pain

Your plan will depend on your specific injury. Mild to moderate issues will often get better on their own. To speed the healing, you can:

  • Rest your knee. Take a few days off from intense activity.
  • Ice it to curb pain and swelling. Do it for 15 to 20 minutes every 3 to 4 hours. Keep doing it for 2 to 3 days or until the pain is gone.
  • Compress your knee. Use an elastic bandage, straps, or sleeves to wrap the joint. It will keep down swelling or add support.
  • Elevate your knee with a pillow under your heel when you’re sitting or lying down to cut down on swelling.
  • Take anti-inflammatorymedications. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or naproxen will help with pain and swelling. Follow the instructions on the label. These drugs can have side effects, so you should only use them now and then unless your doctor says otherwise.
  • Practice stretching and strengthening exercises if your doctor recommends them. You may want to do physical therapy, too.
  • Some people with knee pain need more help. For instance, if you have bursitis, your doctor may need to draw out extra fluid from the bursa in your knee. If you have arthritis, you may need an occasional corticosteroid shot to settle down inflammation. And if you have a torn ligament or certain knee injuries, you may need surgery.

    Complementary And Alternative Therapies

    A number of mind-body therapies, such as acupuncture and tai chi, may be used to treat knee pain, especially knee osteoarthritis.

    While once popular, the dietary supplements glucosamine and chondroitin have fallen out of favor for treating knee osteoarthritis. This is due to their lack of benefit based on scientific studies; although, some people may obtain mild relief. Like any medication, vitamin, or supplement, be sure to talk with your doctor first before taking it to be certain it is safe for you.

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    Treatments For Cartilage Damage

    Self care measures are usually recommended as the first treatment for minor joint injuries.

    For the first few days:

    Get medical advice;if your symptoms are severe or do not improve after a few days. You may need;professional treatment, such as physiotherapy,;or possibly surgery.

    A number of surgical techniques can be used, including:

    • encouraging the growth of new cartilage;by drilling small holes in the nearby bone
    • replacing the;damaged cartilage with healthy cartilage taken from;another part of the joint
    • replacing the entire joint with an artificial one, such as a;knee replacement or hip replacement; this is usually only necessary in the most severe cases

    Page last reviewed: 25 May 2019 Next review due: 25 May 2022

    When Should I See A Doctor About Knee Pain

    Why Do I Have Sharp Knee Pain & How To Fix It

    If youre under 50, you should see a doctor about knee pain if:

    • you have severe knee pain because of injury
    • You can’t put weight on your knee
    • Your knee looks abnormal

    If youre over 50, you should see a doctor about knee pain if:

    • its causing you pain at night
    • it affects your day-to-day activities and quality of life
    • you already know you have arthritis and you experience a flare-up of pain

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