Lifestyle And Home Remedies
Taking care of yourself when you have a swollen knee includes:
- Rest. Avoid weight-bearing activities as much as possible.
- Ice and elevation. To control pain and swelling, apply ice to your knee for 15 to 20 minutes every two to four hours. When you ice your knee, raise your knee higher than the level of your heart, using pillows for comfort.
- Pain relievers. Over-the-counter medicines such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help reduce your knee pain.
What Is Knee Aspiration And Injection
Knee aspiration and injection is introduction of medications into the joint space following fluid aspiration. Medications like steroids, antibiotics or other medications may be instilled into the knee joint depending on the cause and severity of the condition.
Local steroid injection can provide considerable relief, reduce discomfort and is often found helpful in acute exacerbations of chronic joint conditions that cause large knee effusion. Sometimes, after the injection, the joint may get inflamed for which appropriate treatment is given.
Injuries That May Lead To Knee Swelling
- Meniscal tears
Needless to say, the gravity of some of these conditions is worse than others. For instance, malignant tumors are far worse than mild sprains, osteoarthritis is a localized issue whereas rheumatoid arthritis involves your entire immune system, and so on and so forth.
Now that weve got the basics covered, lets move on to why youre really here.
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Symptoms Of Water On Knee
Synovial fluid can be used for diagnostic purposes. The exact symptoms of knee fluid effusion will depend on the medical cause of the accumulation. Identification of specific properties such as density, color, viscosity, and white blood cell count, can help a medical doctor determine the presence of injury or other medical conditions.
Knee fluid effusion can be the cause of high discomfort, both physical and psychological. Pain can vary from mild to severe, with some rare patients reporting no pain whatsoever. Frequently, placing any weight on the affected knee will cause significant discomfort and difficulty with mobility will be present. The proliferation of synovial fluid under the patella will usually cause considerable stiffness. This process can have a substantial and far-reaching impact on your daily life, and so it is crucial that we study ways in which to alleviate its effect.
What Is The Best Treatment
Draining fluid from your knee and the recovery time will depend on the chosen treatment and underlying cause of the fluid accumulation. Physical activity should be avoided at all costs for at least a few days after each aspiration session. The discomfort associated with knee effusion is often not eliminated even after a full aspiration and doctors will often prescribe mild analgesics to help patients deal with pain.
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Rapid Knee Swelling After An Injury
A swollen knee that develops immediately after an injury, within minutes, is usually due to haemarthrosis, where blood accumulates in the joint. Essentially what happens is that a structure inside the knee gets damaged and starts to bleed, building up pressure in the joint.
Knee swelling after an injury is normally profuse and the knee balloons up. It will feel tense and very sore and is often accompanied by bruising, although that may take longer to develop.
There are three main injuries that cause a swollen knee from a haemarthrosis:
A swollen knee caused by a haemarthrosis like these needs urgent medical attention.
Choose from the links or visit the;Knee Injuries;section to find out more about these common causes of knee swelling, including symptoms and treatment options.
What Is Synovial Fluid Analysis Or Knee Aspiration Fluid Analysis
Synovial Fluid Analysis or Knee Aspiration Fluid Analysis When there is a suspicion of a particular condition, a diagnosis needs to be established. The synovial fluid, which is drained or aspirated from the joint, is examined and analyzed in the laboratory for its nature and presence of certain factors that aid in diagnosis of the condition. Specific findings help in determining the condition causing knee swelling.
The type of fluid and its detailed analysis guides in making a diagnosis of the condition. Some of the general findings include:
- Fracture or ligament injuries may show blood in the fluid.
- Meniscus injury or osteoarthritis may show straw colored or pale yellow fluid.
- Presence of crystals may mean gout or pseudogout.
- Turbid fluid or presence of pus may mean there is an infection.
- Gram staining and culture tests of the fluid can help in detecting the microorganism causing infection.
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What Are The Causes Of Fluid On The Knee
Causes of this condition range from traumatic injuries and overuse to age related wear & tear.
- Traumatic injuries. If you have sustained an injury to the ligaments of your knee after an accident, the bodys natural reaction is to produce protective fluids. Common examples of traumatic injuries that result to the fluid accumulation are ligament tear, broken bones, and meniscus tear.
- Overuse. This is another most common cause of water build-up, which can also be considered another form of traumatic injury on the knee. If you are not training properly, and go beyond your personal limits too fast, it may cause a trauma on your knee resulting to swelling, pain, and fluid build-up.
- Degenerative changes resulting in irritation can also be the cause of the water on the knee. These conditions can result in swelling, stiffness and joint deformity.
- Diseases such as tumors, cysts, infection, or bleeding disorders may also be the causes of the water build-up in the around the knee joint.
What Is Water On The Knee
Water on the knee is a kind of vague term that may be used to describe fluid that can build up around the kneecap. This fluid may be water retention but is more commonly fluid produced by the joints, called synovial fluid. It can be a painful condition that may limit ability to move the knee fully, to bear weight on the knee or even to walk unhindered, and it has a variety of causes. Depending on cause, swelling, stiffness, and bruising may also be present.
Causes for water on the knee include knee injury, gout, certain infections, some types of arthritis, and occasionally cysts or tumors. Knee injuries that may result in fluid buildup include overuse injuries, blunt injuries, and broken bones. Usually, if you have a significant knee injury youre likely to notice this before the buildup occurs.
If you have a painful or swollen knee, you should have it checked out by a healthcare provider. A medical professional may perform a variety of tests, including taking a small amount of fluid from the knee to figure out the cause. More often, they may use x-rays or other types of imaging to determine root cause, particularly if you have injured your knee recently. Injured knees frequently need medical attention.
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What Is The Recovery Period Following Knee Aspiration
In most cases, removal of excess fluid provides great relief in reducing swelling, pain and also improves joint movement. Further medications and joint compression helps to prevent recurrence. While improvement continues; complete relief may be obtained in few weeks to months depending on the underlying cause of knee swelling. In some cases appropriate repair procedures may have to be performed.
It is important to follow medical advice regarding rest, movement of legs and other activities. It is advisable to avoid strenuous activities for a few days after the procedure. Medical opinion should be sought if there is redness, soreness, excessive pain, bleeding or oozing from the aspiration site, fever within few days of the procedure.
Rapid Knee Swelling Without An Injury
Occasionally, a swollen knee develops rapidly without any injury. The most common causes of this are:
1. Infection: Infections increase in the amount of fluid produced in the joint resulting in a swollen knee. Knee infections usually develop after surgery or a deep cut, but sometimes an infection in your body can spread to your joint.
It is very difficult for your body to fight an infection within a joint and sometimes surgery is required before the swelling will go down.
2.;Gout Knee:;High levels of uric acid cause sharp, needle like crystals to form in your joints leading to inflammation and water on the knee.
Gout is usually treated with medication and appropriate diet. Find out more about the causes, symptoms and treatment options in the Gout Knee section.
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What Causes Fluid In The Knee
Several issues may cause fluid in knee joints. Some may be infectious. Determining what causes fluid in your knee will inform your treatment plan. Listed below are potential causes of fluid in knees.
- Injury or trauma: This happens when the knee joint receives a direct blow from an outside force. A trauma or injury to the knees tendons, bones, meniscus, bursae, ligaments, or articular cartilage can cause inflammation.
- Knee osteoarthritis: This common type of arthritis causes excessive knee fluid. Knee osteoarthritis is the degeneration of the cartilage around the knee joint due to aging and repetitive stress.
- Rheumatoid arthritis: This autoimmune disease causes the immune system to attack the bodys own cells and damage the delicate lining of the joints.
- Infection: Gonorrhea, tuberculosis, brucellosis, and lyme disease may all affect the knee.
- Gout: When levels of uric acid get too high, the acid will form into microscopic crystals and build up in the joints.
- Bursitis: An inflamed knee bursaa tiny, fluid-filled sac that separates knee bones from nearby tendons and musclescan fill with excess fluid.
- Tumor: Both benign and cancerous masses sometimes infiltrate the knee.
Delayed Knee Swelling After An Injury
If a swollen knee develops anything from a few hours to a few days after an injury, it is most likely due to an increase in the synovial fluid in the joint a knee effusion.
This happens when something inside the knee is damaged slightly causing irritation and a resultant increase in synovial fluid. The amount of swelling varies but it tends not to be as much as with a haemarthrosis and the swollen knee doesnt usually feel tense.
The most common causes of a knee joint effusion are:
1.;Meniscus Irritation:;Compression or a small tear in the outer part of the cartilage lining the joint – the inner part of the meniscus has a poor blood supply so doesnt tend to bleed much when damaged.
2.;Knee Sprain:Where one of the knee ligaments is overstretched, damaging a few fibres, but the ligament remains intact.
The amount of knee swelling may vary day to day and it may feel like it comes and goes as the injury is healing. It usually takes 6-12 weeks for soft tissues to heal, but cartilage injuries can take longer, as the cartilage has a very poor blood supply.
Visit the;Knee Injuries;section to find out more about these common causes of fluid on the knee, including symptoms and treatment options.
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Seeing A Doctor Is Important
Because of the detrimental and debilitating effect that knee synovial fluid accumulation can have on a patients life, it is essential to do everything possible to avoid it in the first place. Caution is always recommended when practicing any brusque physical activity. Weight management is also a valid preventative technique as excess weight puts an unnecessary strain upon the joints of the body.
It is also important to listen to your bodys signals and warnings. If you feel pain or discomfort on the knee joint, stop whatever it is you are doing and give your body a chance to rest. Doing this will significantly reduce the risk of suffering any eventual pain, stiffness, and swelling.
Fluid On The Knee Treatment
Treatment for this kind of condition includes medications and surgical procedures.
If a surgical operation is suggested then your doctor may aspirate the fluid on the knee and inject a corticosteroid into the knee joint to treat the swelling and inflammation.
Unfortunately the above mentioned treatments may not always be desirable or suitable for every person or additional help is required.
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What Happens After A Joint Aspiration
Once you are home, it is important for you to keep the joint aspirationsite clean and dry. Leave the bandage in place for as long asinstructed by your healthcare provider.
The aspiration site may be tender or sore for a few days after thejoint aspiration procedure. Take a pain reliever for soreness asrecommended by your healthcare provider. Aspirin or certain other painmedicines may increase the chance of bleeding. Be sure to take onlyrecommended medicines.
Notify your healthcare provider to report any of the following:
Fever of 100.4°F or higher, or as directed by your healthcare provider
Redness, swelling, bleeding, or other drainage from the aspiration site
Increased pain around the aspiration site
Your healthcare provider may give you additional or alternateinstructions after the procedure, depending on your particularsituation.
Are There Any Risks Associated With Knee Aspiration
While complications due to knee aspiration are less likely, there are some risks associated with any procedure. Some risks that may be involved with knee aspiration include discomfort and pain at the local site, sometimes swelling or bruising may be seen, rarely an infection can develop at the aspiration site or within the joint.
In order to avoid such complications, proper physician training is ensured and appropriate preventive measures are implemented.
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Fluid On The Knee Diagnosis
To determine the cause, your doctor may require an x-ray view to see if there is any broken or dislocated bone in your knee, or find out if the real culprit is irritation due to wear & tear. A magnetic resonance imaging test may also be needed to detect any abnormalities of the knee joint such ligament, tendons or cartilage tear.
Your doctor may also request for a blood test to determine if there is any evidence of infection or other possible cause.
Why Does Fluid Gather In The Knee Joint
A swollen knee might be an indication that excessive fluid is present in the joint. In some cases, you may even be able to feel the liquid when you lightly press on the swollen area.
Like other problems associated with knee pain and swelling, trauma may have caused the fluid to build up in the knee joint. The knees response to trauma is to protect itself. The body will produce fluid that invades the space where the trauma occurred. This is often referred to as edema, to describe swelling that has resulted from fluid buildup.
One of the most common reasons for fluid build up is an arthritic joint. Rheumatoid arthritis is especially hard on knee joints, but can be successfully treated when properly diagnosed. Although medical science hasnt defined the cause for rheumatoid arthritis, the symptoms have been defined and can include water on the knee.
Knee osteoarthritis is quite painful and can cause water on the knee. Osteoarthritis occurs when cartilage in the knee wears down over time, resulting in bone on bone friction. There is no cure for osteoarthritis, but the symptoms can be addressed.
If you have water on the knee that is accompanied with pain, stiffness, and fatigue, and the knee is warm to the touch, you might have rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis are just two origins, but there are others.
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When To See A Doctor
If the swelling doesnt go down in one to three days of using the RICE method, its time to call a doctor.Also, call a doctor immediately if there are any of these symptoms:
- The knee is severely swollen or has a pronounced abnormality
- The knee cannot fully straighten or flex
- The knee is severely painful
- The knee feels like it will give out or cannot support any weight at all
- The skin near the knee is hot or red
- A fever
- Swelling has not gone down after three or more days
If youre experiencing knee swelling that will not go away or have pain, connecting with a specialist is always a good idea. Theres no need to rush into surgery. At Flexogenix, we specialize in cutting-edge, non-surgical treatment options, and can help you move past achy knees and into your best lifewithout invasive surgery. Contact us today to schedule your free consultation.
Treatment For Fluid In Knees
As with any injury, it’s important to consult your doctor for the appropriate treatment for your situation. Here are some treatments and pain management options you may expect for fluid on the knee:
Aspiration – Your doctor may drain the knee to relieve the pressure of the knee fluid. If blood is present, then it is often sent to the lab to analyze the fluid to ensure that infection is not present. The knee may continue to fill with fluid after being aspirated.
PRICE Method – If knee trauma or injury is the cause of the knee fluid, then your doctor may recommend that you use the PRICE method of Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. The combination of these is often used as first aid treatment to minimize fluid in the knee after a traumatic injury.
Medications – There are different types of medications that may be used to treat the excess of knee fluid, depending on the cause of the issue. For example:
- Over-the-counter medications – Pain medications such as ibuprofen or aspirin may be used to help reduce inflammation
- Steroids – These may be taken orally or injected directly into the knee joint. This may be used if over-the-counter medications are not effective at reducing pain.
- Antibiotics – If your knee fluid is caused by infection, then antibiotics may be necessary to fight the bacteria
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