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What Kind Of Doctor Works On Knees

When To See A Wrist Specialist

The Top 5 Types of Knee Injections Explained from an AZ pain center (602) 507-6550

If youve suffered an acute injury, such as a compound fracture, you should seek immediate medical attention.

Unfortunately, the symptoms of less obvious wrist injuries vary greatly and determining when to see an orthopedic specialist isnt always clear cut.

If youve fallen on an outstretched hand or injured your wrist while playing a sport, you may be experiencing swelling, numbness and tingling, bruising and acute pain. If these symptoms dont respond to elevation, rest, ice and NAIDs or if they get worse you should see an orthopedic wrist specialist as soon as you are able.

If youve been experiencing any sort of chronic pain for an extended period of time, it may be due time to seek treatment. Putting off proper diagnosis and treatment may only cause your condition to worsen or become permanent.

The Best Conservative Knee Pain Treatments

As weve already highlighted, knee replacement surgery and other invasive treatments arent always the best option for health. Long-term use of pain medication and unnecessary surgery carries risks, such as bleeding, wound infections and long recovery periods.

At the VIP Medical Group, our team of Board Certified pain doctors believe in the importance of a holistic approach to healthcare. Thats why they offer the latest treatments that maximize health through minimally invasive procedures and treatment options. Lets take a look at the latest treatments in pain medicine:

  • Genicular Nerve Block the doctor injects the knee with local anesthetic. This blocks nerves from transmitting pain and provides pain relief.
  • Genicular Nerve Radio Frequency Ablation this is an option for longer-term pain relief. It stops the nerve supply by placing heated needles to prevent the patient from feeling pain. A small amount of local anesthetic can also be used during this procedure.
  • Iovera this is when an iovera machine applies low or sub-zero temperatures to freeze the peripheral nerves. This produces instant pain relief without the need for pain medication.
  • Steroid or cortisone injection the doctor applies anesthetic spray to numb the area before injecting anti-inflammatory pain medicine into the knee joint.
  • Viscosupplement knee injection the doctor anesthetizes the area before injecting viscosupplement medicine. This is when lubricating fluid is injected into the knee joint.

Type Of Doctor To See For Knee Pain

A lot of people are confused about which doctor to see for knee pain. To get the best possible treatment, choose an orthopedic doctor. Orthopedic doctors have the specialized knowledge and training needed to treat a wide variety of problems affecting the musculoskeletal system bones, joints, cartilage, muscles, and nerves including the knees. Orthopedic doctors can treat acute and chronic knee pain and improve your quality of life. They can also provide preventive care for patients who would like to protect their knees and make them last a long time.

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Signs You Might Have Nerve Damage According To Doctors

Numbness, tingling, and muscle weakness are just a few symptoms to keep on your radar.

There are billions of nerves in your body. Most of them, your peripheral nerves, are like branches of a tree that spread out all over and transmit messages back to the trunkyour brain and spinal cord. When everything goes smoothly, your brain gets the info it needs so that you can move your muscles, recognize pain, and keep your internal organs working properly.

But when peripheral nerves get damaged, its another story: Walking could become challenging, you might experience unrelenting pain, or you could end up with a serious injury because you had no idea how hot that stove was.

An estimated 20 million Americans suffer from peripheral nerve damage, a.k.a. neuropathy, according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Diabetes is the number one cause. Bad luck is number two. Repetitive motion and Lyme disease follow, says Andrew Elkwood, M.D., a surgeon who specializes in nerve reconstruction at The Institute for Advanced Reconstruction in New York and New Jersey.

Other causes include sudden trauma , aging, vitamin deficiencies, heavy exposure to toxins , and infections and autoimmune disorders like hepatitis C, diphtheria, HIV, Epstein-Barr, rheumatoid arthritis, and Guillain-Barré Syndrome. In some cases, theres no known cause.

What Is The Treatment For Knee Pain

Different types of knee surgery

Treatments for knee pain are as varied as the conditions that can cause the pain.


Medications might be prescribed to treat an underlying medical condition or for pain relief.

If you are taking over-the-counter anti-inflammatory pain medications regularly for your knee pain, you should see your doctor to be evaluated.

Physical therapy

Sometimes physical therapy sessions to strengthen the muscles around the knee will make it more stable and help guarantee the best mechanical movements. Working with a physical therapist can help avoid injuries or further worsening of an injury.


Injecting medications directly into your knee might help in certain situations. The two most common injections are corticosteroids and lubricants. Corticosteroid injections can help arthritis and other inflammations of the knee. They usually need to be repeated every few months. Lubricants that are similar to the fluid already in your knee joint can help with movement and pain.

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Signs Its Time To See A Doctor For Knee Pain

It may be time to visit an orthopedic doctor if you experience any of the following, especially after an incident like an injury following athletics:

  • Redness, warmth, and tenderness in the knee
  • Significant swelling
  • Inability to bear weight on the affected leg
  • Fever
  • Physical deformity in the area

Chronic knee pain that is not severe enough to warrant a trip to the emergency room or urgent care may be a sign of a degenerative condition. Osteoarthritis is one of the most common conditions affecting the knee and is a result of age-related changes to the protective cartilage of joints. Osteoarthritis is progressive, meaning it will continue to get worse. If you have to take pain relievers more than a few times a month for knee pain, it is a sign that you should see a doctor.

Also seek medical attention for knee pain that is accompanied by stiffness, swelling, and a limited range of motion. These are signs that an injury or condition exists. Many people ignore such signs, especially as they get older because they think its a part of normal aging. People who are overweight also think its a normal symptom. However, nothing could be farther from the truth. Chronic knee pain, while very common, is not normal. Dont accept it as your fate. There are many treatment solutions available that can reduce or eliminate knee pain.

What Are Risk Factors For Knee Pain

Biomechanics: The knee joint is complicated in its operation and is used frequently throughout the day. Any change in the movement of the joint can cause subtle changes and cause pain and injuries.

Excess weight: The stress on the knee joint is increased with excess weight. Obesity also increases the risk of knee osteoarthritis as the cartilage breaks down more rapidly.

Overuse during repetitive motions as are found during certain exercises or work conditions can cause breakdown of cartilage and lead to pain.

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Types Of Orthopedic Surgeons

The skeletal system provides the human body with its central structure, and diseases or conditions of the skeletal system can have far-reaching health effects. Orthopedic surgeons specialize in the correction and treatment of illnesses, conditions and injuries of the skeleton and its related systems of muscle and connective tissues. It’s one of the most exacting and highly-paid fields in medicine, and contains numerous areas of specialized practice.

What Causes A Bakers Cyst

What type of doctor should I see for my knee injury?

The fluid found in a Bakers cyst is known as synovial fluid. Its a clear liquid that circulates within the knee joint to keep it lubricated. If too much fluid is produced, the pressure may lead to a bulge in the one-way valve. This may cause a popliteal cyst or Bakers cyst to form.

Some of the main causes of this type of injury include:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Inability to flex your knee
  • Inability to fully extend your knee
  • Swelling behind your knee or in your leg
  • Bruising on the knee or on the calf

The pain may increase if they cyst ruptures and it can range from mild to very severe.

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Study : Two Groups Of Patients One Group Gets Prp The Other Group Gets Cortisone How Did This Comparison Work Out

In an October 2020 study also comparing PRP and corticosteroid, similar findings were recorded. PRP results were better over time and the lack of side-effects should be considered if debating between one treatment or the other.

  • In this study, the researchers found PRP had more significant values for improvement in comparison with corticosteroids, especially in the long-term .
  • Both PRP and corticosteroid improved the functional and pain status in 30 and 180 days, but patients who had the PRP treatment showed a greater pain improvement.

How Do You Know When Your Knee Pain Is More Serious

Sometimes knee pain can be serious and require professional care. There are some simple rules for when to see a doctor for knee pain: if your knee pain is severe, if medication doesnt work, if your pain is affecting your regular activities, or if the pain has lasted longer than 3 months. If your pain falls into one or more of those categories, then you should see an orthopedic doctor. Long-lasting pain is called chronic pain, and it requires the care of a professional.

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Research: Prolotherapy Treatments For Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis Showed Significant Improvement In Scores For Pain Function And Range Of Motion

In February 2020, Lisa May Billesberger, MD a private practice physician in Canada teamed with Duke Anesthesiology, Duke University School of Medicine to offer a current assessment of injectable treatments for Knee Osteoarthritis. Here are the summary points on Prolotherapy.

  • Prolotherapy is a relatively simple and inexpensive treatment with a high safety profile, is something that could easily be performed in the primary care setting, and is thus worth consideration.
  • The exact mechanism of Prolotherapy is not well understood, but it is thought to induce a pro-inflammatory response that results in the release of growth factors and cytokines, ultimately resulting in a regenerative process within the affected joint.
  • Injection of the hyperosmolar dextrose solution might also hyperpolarize nociceptive pain fibers by forcing open potassium channels, resulting in reduced pain perception.
  • In sum, Prolotherapy likely provides at least some benefit, although the quality of available data makes this statement hard to prove and it certainly does not cause harm.

What Type Of Treatments Can A Nerve Doctor Specialist Provide

What Type of Doctor to See for Wrist Pain

There are many different types of pain that can be caused by issues with nerves, and therefore a range of treatments have been developed in order to deal with all of these. A lot of these treatments do not require invasive surgery, and are considered better alternatives to pain relief than options such as oral medication. The majority of these treatments focus not only on reducing the pain that is felt by a nerve condition, but also fixing the nerve issue itself where possible.

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Which Doctor Treats Osteoarthritis

Treating any type of arthritis requires a range of expert help. In your treatment of osteoarthritis, you may find some or all of the following become a part of your professional healthcare team:Primary Care Doctor: These are doctors who treat patients before they are transferred to a specialist. Even though you may be referred to a specialist for a diagnosis or treatment your primary care physician will more than likely coordinate the care you receive from all the health care providers you come into contact with. Rheumatologists: These are doctors that specialize in the treatment of all types of arthritis, and diseases of the muscles and bones including osteoporosis.Orthopedists: Surgeons who specialize in surgery of the musculoskeletal system. That is, surgery for bone and joint diseases. If you need joint replacement surgery , this operation will be performed by an orthopedic surgeon. Carpal tunnel release, fracture repair, hip replacement, lower back disc surgery and knee and shoulder arthroscopy are just some of the surgeries commonly performed by orthopedists.Physiatrists : A medical doctor or doctor of osteopathy who is certified in rehabilitation medicine. The goal of this a physiatrist is to help the patient overcome the difficulties of physical disability and impairments and make the most of their physical potential. A physiatrist will diagnose and recommend a treatment plan for a patient, and a physical therapist will carry out the treatment.

Orthopaedic Surgeons Keep Our Nation In Motion

High-quality orthopaedic care is invaluable. It helps people reclaim their quality of life.

The value of orthopaedic care is when people like YOU can get back to work, to family, and to doing the things you love.

For more information about AAOS and orthopaedic information for patients, follow us on , , and !

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Joint Injections For Arthritis Pain

Learn about injection options to manage arthritis pain and symptoms.

A complete plan for managing your arthritis will include an array of therapies and treatments. They may include self-care measures like diet, exercise and heat/cold therapies physical therapy oral medicines topical medicines and even some injectable treatments. Here well review some of the medicines and other compounds that may be injected directly into your arthritis-affected joints.


What it is: A combination of a corticosteroid and a numbing agent is injected directly into the joint affected by arthritis. These shots are given in the doctor’s office and usually are covered by medical insurance.

Benefits and Risks: Injections provide safe and effective reduction of pain and inflammation. Relief typically lasts about a month. An extended release formula called Zilretta was approved in 2017. It provides 3 months of symptom relief.

Somepeople will have a temporary flare of pain in the injected joint, which should resolve in 48 hours. Repeated cortisone shots can cause the cartilage to deteriorate and weaken tendons and ligaments around the joint.

Who its Best for: Steroid injections are good for people with a very painful or inflamed joint who need fast, temporary relief.

Joints treated: Ankle, elbow, hip, knee, shoulder, and small joints of the hands, feet, spine and wrists.

Hyaluronic Acid

The most common side effects are pain, swelling, and stiffness in and around the joint.

Ten Patients Underwent Intra

What Type Of Knee Injection Will Help? [6 Options For Chronic Knee Pain]

A September 2021 study published in The Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery was designed to compare the effectiveness of intra-articular injection of PRP with hyaluronic acid on mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis.

How the study was conducted:

  • Ten patients underwent intra-articular PRP injection and 10 others received hyaluronic acid injection.
  • At baseline visit and one, three, and six, and 12 months post-injection, clinical assessments were performed using standardized patient self-reporting scores for pain, function, and disability.
  • Physical examinations of the knee, including crepitation and range of motion were performed at each visit.


  • The PRP treatment was ascertained to be safe and caused no adverse effects. Significant improvements in the majority of patients were seen in pain and function.
  • The hyaluronic acid injection, however, caused only one months significant improvement in the majority of patient-reported outcomes.
  • In the majority of visits, the extent of improvements in pain and function were significantly greater in PRP recipients, compared to hyaluronic acid recipients.
  • The ROM in both groups slightly increased after interventions.
  • The frequency of coarse crepitation, which was detected in 100% of the patients in both groups at the baseline visit, decreased significantly to fine crepitation at the first follow-up visit in 80% and 40% of the PRP and hyaluronic acid recipients, respectively.

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When Should I See A Doctor For Back Pain

When your back first starts to hurt, try taking an over-the-counter pain reliever and applying ice in the first 48 hours. You may apply heat after 48 hours. You may need to take it easy for a while, but its best to stay as active as tolerated, and to avoid absolute bed rest, said Dr. Guo.

If your back pain lasts more than two weeks and keeps you from participating in normal, daily activities, see your family doctor. If your pain is severe, you should see a doctor sooner. You should seek urgent medical care if you have:

  • Fever associated with back pain
  • Back pain after trauma
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control
  • Loss of strength in your arms and legs
  • Unexplained weight loss associated with back pain

Also, always be more cautious if you have special risk factors for cancer, infection, or fractures that may affect the spine.

When Should I See An Orthopedic Doctor For Knee Pain

Seeking out professional medical opinion is usually the best option for pain that does not respond to painkillers, lasts a few days, swelling, reduced motion, deformity in the joint, lack of flexibility, and impact your ability to walk. These are factors that should send you immediately to the doctors office

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The Cortisone Debate Goes On

A December 2020 study published in the medical journal Rheumatology gives this overview assessment of the debate surrounding the use of cortisone for a bone on bone knee. Here are the summary learning points:

  • Existing data indicate that intra-articular corticosteroids in knee osteoarthritis provide short-term pain relief and functional improvement which may last from one to several weeks.
  • At present, synovitis is the most important predictor of treatment response, and also a target for anti-inflammatory treatment for intra-articular corticosteroids.
  • Our explanatory note: If you have a lot of knee swelling cortisone maybe be of benefit. Please see our article treating chronic knee swelling.

Returning to the research study:

  • subgroup of patients with the inflammatory phenotype with clinical features of pain, stiffness, joint swelling, and effusion are expected to be more responsive than other phenotypes who do not display clinical manifestations of inflammation.
  • Our explanatory note: If you do not have chronic knee swelling, cortisone may not be an answer for you.

Returning to the research study: In some people swelling comes and goes, it is hard to suggest who cortisone would be successful for among these people.

Returning to the research study: The more suitable cortisone patient is:

The evidence then was a summary of the effects of cortisone on articular cartilage which included:


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