Patellar Tendonitis And Tear
Patellar tendonitis is inflammation of the patellar tendon. That’s a large tendon connecting your kneecap to the top of your tibia.
Patellar tendonitis is most common in athletes who do a lot of running and jumping. It’s often described as a constant dull pain that becomes sharp when you’re active.
In some cases, a weak patellar tendon can tear. A patellar tendon tear causes:
- Severe pain
- Swelling over the knee
- A tearing or popping sensation
If it’s a bad tear, you might notice an indentation at the bottom of your kneecap. The knee may give out when you walk.
Treating Knee Pain From Arthritis
Knee pain usually becomes worse as arthritis progresses. Many people with severe pain from arthritis choose to have surgery to relieve their symptoms and help repair the joint.
But surgery isnt right for everyone. Some of the more conservative options for treating knee pain from arthritis include medication and at-home strategies like exercise.
The exact treatment plan thats recommended for your knee pain will depend on factors such as severity of your pain, your age, your activity levels, and any other medical conditions you have.
Typically, your doctor will try the least invasive type of treatment, such as weight loss and medication, and then move down the line to consider surgery.
Because there are many considerations before turning to surgery, its crucial to discuss and explore all treatment options with your doctor.
What Is Medial Knee Pain
Medial knee pain is an extremely common location people experience discomfort in. Anatomically the medial side of the knee is the inside of the knee, the part of the knee closest to the other knee. Pain occurring on the inside of the knee can be the result of a traumatic incident causing immediate pain, or of more gradual onset. There are a number of sources of medial knee pain that are relatively common and all have different causative factors, presentations, behavioral traits. And not surprisingly are then also managed differently in terms of what is the most appropriate care to achieve resolution of symptoms and a return to normal activity levels.
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Less Common Causes Of Knee Pain
Less-common causes of significant knee pain include conditions and injuries. Injuries include:
- Dislocated kneecap: Causes are sharp blows to the knee or twisting. Severe pain in the front of the knee plus buckling, slipping, or catching during movement.
- Kneecap fracture: Causes are a direct blow or falling onto the knee. Pain, difficulty straightening the leg, bruising, and swelling can occur. Sometimes there’s visible deformity.
- Gout: High uric acid levels form sharp crystals inside the joint. Affects the knee, hip, fingers, and especially the big toe. Pain can be severe.
- Plica syndrome: Irritation of the synovium . Pain is in the middle and front of the knee. Worsens with inactivity or squatting, running, or kneeling. The knee may pop when bent.
- Osgood-Schlatter disease: Strikes after growth spurts in kids between 9 and 14. Pain is in the front of the knee. It improves with rest and worsens with activities like running and jumping.
- Osteochondritis dissecans: In children, lack of blood supply weakens the bone and cartilage. The knee may separate from the underlying bone. Causes pain with activity.
- Knee joint infection: Causes significant pain, swelling, warmth, painful movements, and fever. It may result from a bacterial infection in the bloodstream.
- Bone tumor: Very rarely the source of knee pain. Symptoms include fever, unintentional weight loss, and pain that’s worse at night.
A Problem With The Knee Cap
Your patella, formally known as your knee cap, is the bone that sits in front of the knee. Patella issues, like a dislocated kneecap, are actually a common cause of knee pain. If dislocation isnt the problem, something called patellofemoral pain syndrome, which causes discomfort between the kneecap and the thighbone, may be to blame.
In search of knee pain treatments in Montgomery or Prattville? Regardless of whats causing your knee pain, Health Star Clinic specializes in non-surgical pain management. Our comprehensive knee pain treatment program is tailored to each individual patient and is focused on building up strength and balance without invasive procedures and unnecessary surgery. Contact us today!
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Osteoarthritis Can Cause Knee Pain To Develop As You Age
Similar to a meniscal tear, osteoarthritis describes damage to the cartilage lining the knee joint. Often caused by a decrease in fluids as you age, the cartilage in the knee begins to weaken over time, which causes the joint of the knee to swell and ache. While this cause of knee pain can be hastened by wearing unsupportive shoes, chronic weight gain and inactivity, the cause of mostly due to the natural aging process.
What To Expect At Your Office Visit
Your provider will perform a physical exam, and look at your knees, hips, legs, and other joints.
Your provider may do the following tests:
- MRI of the knee if a ligament or meniscus tear could be the cause
- CT scan of the knee
- Joint fluid culture
Your provider may inject a steroid into your knee to reduce pain and inflammation.
You may need to learn stretching and strengthening exercises. You also may need to see a podiatrist to be fitted for orthotics.
In some cases, you may need surgery.
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Most Common Causes Of Knee Injuries
Knee pain can be disabling if it hurts to put pressure on your knee, youre not going to be able to walk very far. Keeping your knees in good shape is one of the most important things you can do to keep yourself healthy and mobile.
At Tri-State Orthopaedics and Robotic Surgery, board-certified orthopedic surgeon Dr. Apurva Dalal and our medical staff want to help you understand the most common causes of knee injuries and how you can prevent them.
Bursitis Is Another Cause Of Knee Pain That You Should Consider
Bursitis is caused by the irritation of the bursa on top of your knee cap. The bursa is a small fluid sac that helps lubricate the knee joint and protect it as it moves. Perpetual motion, such as kneeling and rising, can place pressure on the bursa sac and, overtime, cause it to irritate. When this happens, movements like bending your knees can become very painful. Because this is often associated with constant kneeling and standing, doctors commonly refer to this condition as preachers knee.
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Who Is More Likely To Experience Joint Pain
Joint pain tends to affects those who:
- Have had previous injuries to a joint
- Repeatedly use and/or overuse a muscle
- Have arthritis or other chronic medical conditions
- Suffer from depression, anxiety, and/or stress
- Are overweight
- Suffer from poor health
Age is also a factor in stiff and painful joints. After years of use, and wear and tear on joints, problems may arise in middle-aged or older adults.
Causes And Treatment For Knee Pain In Children
Knee pain may indicate a number of issues. Here are some of the most common causes.
1. Growing Pains
What causes growing pains is not clear, and there is no evidence that child’s growth is painful. Some experts believe that growing pains are linked to restless leg syndrome, but it may also happen due to overuse from activities such as climbing, running and jumping during the day.
Symptoms: The most common symptom is throbbing feeling in the legs. The pain usually occurs in the calves, in the front of the thighs or behind the knees. Some children also experience headache or abdominal pain during episodes of growing pains.
Treatment: While there is no treatment for these pains, they improve on their own within a couple of years. Even if they do not go away, they become less painful after the first year. Massaging your child’s legs may help ease some discomfort.
2. Jumper’s Knee
Kids that play sports with lots of jumping and squatting may overuse the patellar tendon, which results in the development of Jumper’s knee. Excessive squatting puts serious pressure on the patellar tendon and causes injury to the fibers of the tendon. This leads to inflammation and pain. Abnormal alignment of the lower limbs may be a cause of Jumper’s knee. It means that kids who are flat-footed or knock-kneed may develop this condition.
Doctors may also prescribe anti-inflammatory medicine to reduce knee pain in children. Your child may even have to wear knee straps and sleeves for support.
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Top 5 Common Causes Of Knee Pain
Knee pain is one of the most common complaints for patients of Omega Physical Therapy, and its really no surprise. Over time, the stress and strain that your knees undergo every day take a toll on your joint health. This leads to a number of issues, including pain, inflammation, and stiffness.
Although knee pain is common in older patients due to the natural aging process, it also occurs in the younger crowd. Regardless of your age, Dr. Dmitry Shestakovsky works with you to create a personalized, structured physical therapy routine to help reduce pain and inflammation. There are hundreds of reasons you may experience knee pain. Here are the top five common causes.
Treatment For Knee Problems
If initial treatment methods do not provide relief, and X-rays show destruction of the joint, the orthopaedist may recommend total joint replacement for the knee, also referred to as knee replacement.
ACL Tears in Female Athletes: Q& A with a Sports Medicine Expert
Sports injury prevention isn’t a one-stop shop, especially for injuries like ACL tears, which are four to eight times more common among women than men. Discover ways for women to help prevent this common injury.
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Common Causes Of Knee Pain Without Injury
Of all the joints, our knees are arguably the ones most likely to feel pain. Lots of injuries can cause knee pain. Car accidents, falls and sports accidents are some of the most common causes of knee injuries, like fractures, torn ligaments and sprains. Even though its never fun to experience knee pain, when it follows an injury, at least you have a pretty good idea whats causing your discomfort. And that can make it a little easier to seek and receive proper treatment.
Sometimes though, knee pain occurs without a preceding injury. In those cases, it can be tempting to ignore the pain at first to see if it subsides on its own. The problem is, even though you might not have had an accident, the issue causing your pain can still be serious. And delaying care can wind up prolonging your symptoms and even making them worse.
What Can You Do For The Pain
Your plan will depend on your specific injury. Mild to moderate issues will often get better on their own. To speed the healing, you can:
- Rest your knee. Take a few days off from intense activity.
- Ice it to curb pain and swelling. Do it for 15 to 20 minutes every 3 to 4 hours. Keep doing it for 2 to 3 days or until the pain is gone.
- Compress your knee. Use an elastic bandage, straps, or sleeves to wrap the joint. It will keep down swelling or add support.
- Elevate your knee with a pillow under your heel when you’re sitting or lying down to cut down on swelling.
- Take anti-inflammatorymedications. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or naproxen will help with pain and swelling. Follow the instructions on the label. These drugs can have side effects, so you should only use them now and then unless your doctor says otherwise.
- Practice stretching and strengthening exercises if your doctor recommends them. You may want to do physical therapy, too.
Make an appointment with a doctor if you still have pain after 2 weeks of home treatment, if the knee becomes warm, or if you have fever along with a painful, swollen knee.
Some people with knee pain need more help. For instance, if you have bursitis, your doctor may need to draw out extra fluid from the bursa in your knee. If you have arthritis, you may need an occasional corticosteroid shot to settle down inflammation. And if you have a torn ligament or certain knee injuries, you may need surgery.
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When Should I See A Doctor
If pain is interfering with normal daily life activities, it is time to talk to a doctor about the problem. It is important to diagnose the cause of the pain quickly and begin treatment to relieve pain and maintain healthy, functioning joints.
You should see a doctor if:
- Pain is accompanied by a fever
- There is unexplained weight loss
- Pain is preventing you from walking normally
During the appointment, the doctor will ask many questions to figure out what may be the cause of the pain. The patient should be ready to answer questions about previous injuries to the joint, when the joint pain began, a family history of joint pain, and the type of pain experienced.
An examination of the affected joint will follow to see if there is pain or limited motion. The doctor will also look for signs of injury to the surrounding muscles, tendons, and ligaments.
If necessary, the doctor may also order X-rays or blood tests. X-rays can show if there is joint deterioration, fluid in the joint, bone spurs, or other issues that may be contributing to the pain. Blood tests will help confirm a diagnosis or rule out other diseases that may be causing the pain.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 03/28/2018.
I Have Pain In My Knee And It Locks Up On Me
Meniscus Tear Inside the knee joint, the meniscus are two C shaped pieces of cartilage that protect the joint surfaces of the femur and tibia from grinding against each other.Injuries to the meniscus usually occur as a result of some type of trauma . Minor tears may not become painful for you until some time has passed after the injury. Severe tears will be immediately painful and swollen. You will notice impairments with knee range of motion, walking, and may even complain of the joint locking up.
Treatment:If you have a minor meniscal tear, you may be able to return to activity with only conservative treatment, including ice, anti-inflammatory medications, and physical therapy to help strengthen the knee. More significant tears usually require arthroscopic surgery to prevent further damage to the whole joint and its stability.
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Most Common Causes Of Knee Pain
Health Check Certified By: Dr. Gerald Morris
The knee is the largest joint in the body and knee pain is a common complaint across all age groups. It may be due to a diverse range of causes including sudden injury, overuse injury, or an underlying medical condition.
The location and severity of knee pain varies depending on the root cause. The thigh bone and lower leg bones compose the knee joint. Structures found in or around the knee joint include discs , cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and muscles. Signs and symptoms that may accompany knee pain include swelling, stiffness, redness, warmth, weakness, instability, popping or crunching noises, fever, and decreased range of motion .
The 10 most common causes of knee pain are
Osteoarthritis Of The Knee
The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis, which is a progressive wearing of the cartilage in the knee joint. It occurs more frequently in people age 50 and older.
After 50, the impact of osteoarthritis can worsen due to accumulated use and the wearing down of cartilage that occurs with age.
Osteoarthritis is often the result of bone rubbing on bone, and yes, thats as painful as it sounds. Osteoarthritis can also be caused by age, weight, genetics, previous injuries, infections, illness , and certain occupations, such as construction and manufacturing.
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Factors That Contribute To Knee Pain
Several common injuries and illnesses can lead to knee pain, but certain factors can raise your risk of developing knee pain.
- Weight Being overweight or obese is bad for your knees and is a major risk factor for knee pain. The recent surge in knee problems is almost certainly related to excess weight and the obesity epidemic in America. Higher body weight raises the risk of a severe knee injury and contributes to longer hospital stays and more costly treatment.
- Age Age is another risk factor for knee pain. The older you are, the more likely you are to need a knee replacement. This is because a joint that sustains your weight every day over your lifetime is going to experience a good deal of wear and tear. In addition, knee pain occurs more often after age 50 because we tend to be less active as we age and our muscle strength declines.
- Overexertion Exercise, in general, is good for your knees and your overall health, but sometimes you can overdo it. For example, joggers often complain of knee pain, especially around the kneecap, but any form of exercise in which the knee is used may produce pain symptoms. Proper form is key, with your hips, knees, and ankles in alignment to prevent nee pain. You should also build up core strength to minimize the risk of injury, and if you feel pain during an exercise, stop.
Q: How Canwe Prevent Knee Injuries
A: Nothing is guaranteed, but there are a few things that you can do to decrease your chance of suffering a knee injury:
- Stay at ahealthy weight. Every pound you carry puts more strain on your knees. Theless weight you carry, the less likely you are to suffer an injury or todevelop arthritis in your knees.
- Strengthenyour leg muscles. Be sure to spend just as much time on your lower body asyou do on your upper body. Pay special attention to exercises that strengthenyour quadriceps and your hamstrings the two major muscles most involved insupporting your knees.
- Stretch.Tight muscles can contribute to knee injuries, just as weak muscles can.
Dont live in discomfort. If youre experiencing knee pain, please schedule an appointment with Dr. Brett Martindale.
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