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The Truth About Knee Replacement Surgery

What Can I Expect At Hss

Knee replacement surgery that has you up and walking in just four hours

Hospital for Special Surgery has been at the forefront of modern knee replacement since the operation was first introduced in the late 1960s. We have led the field ever since in a number of ways:

  • : HSS has been ranked the No. 1 hospital for orthopedics by U.S. News & World Report for 11 years straight.
  • Along with high rankings in patient satisfaction, HSS performs the most knee replacements with the lowest reported infection rates in the United States.
  • Research and advancement: Smaller incisions, new implant materials and design, and sophisticated instrumentation have been â and continue to be â the areas of expertise of the hip and knee replacement surgeons of the HSS .
  • HSS routinely uses the latest surgical techniques and technology, such as robotic-assisted and computer-assisted surgery.
  • : Isolating the anesthesia to a particular body area helps avoid the potential problems that may accompany a general anesthetic. These techniques have been developed and refined by the HSS . Learn more about

What Happens During A Gae Procedure

GAE is an outpatient procedure that typically takes one hour to perform. The patient is provided with twilight sedation, which leaves them in a conscious yet sedated state. They are completely relaxed and will not feel any pain.

After the patient has been anesthetized, the IR will insert a catheter into the patients leg and into the blood vessels supplying the knee joint. X-ray technology will be utilized to guide the doctor to the correct vessels.

Once the catheter is positioned properly, the doctor will inject microsphere particles. The tiny particles will slow down blood flow into the angiogenesis vessels, which in turn reduces inflammation and pain.

Summing Up Disadvantages Of Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee replacement surgery is a major surgery where the natural knee joint is amputated and a metal or plastic prosthesis is inserted. There are 14 disadvantages of knee replacement surgery which include the prosthesis wearing out, deep vein thrombosis, anesthesia complications, infection, loosening of the prosthesis, differences in leg length, allergic reactions, nerve damage, damage to tendons and ligaments, persistent pain, increased risk of heart attack and buildup of toxic metal ions. A recent randomized control study demonstrated knee replacement surgery is no better than physical therapy. Persistent pain after surgery is common. Bone marrow concentrate is an effective non-surgical treatment option for patients with knee osteoarthritis.

If you are committed to living a life without dependence on additive medication or the risks associated with knee replacement the good news is you have options. To learn if you are a candidate for bone marrow concentrate or PRP treatments. Speak with a board-certified, fellowship-trained physician who will review your history, imaging, and provide you with a candidacy rating. Schedule an in-office evaluation or telemedicine visit. Knee pain if left untreated gets worse. Act now before it is too late.

References

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Replacement Joints Wear Out Requiring Additional Surgery

The truth is artificial knee joints do not last forever. The younger you are at the time of the knee replacement the more likely you will wear out the artificial joint . This most often requiring additional surgery. The risks of your knee replacement wearing out increase if you are overweight, do heavy manual labor, run, or play vigorous sports. Revision rates of about 6% after five years and 12% after ten years are to be expected .

Surgery After The Age Of 65 Is Not Possible

Total Knee Replacement Expectations

The truth: Age is not a limiting factor for knee replacement surgery. As long as you are in good overall health, a surgical procedure after the age of 65 is not an issue. Cartilage in the knee often begins to break down around this age, making it a good opportunity to restore your quality of life.

As always at Orthopaedic Associates of St. Augustine, were proud to play a role in helping people regain mobility and get back into the action without pain. If youve undergone a total joint replacement and are experiencing joint pain, stiffness, or swelling, please request an appointment online or give us a call at 904-825-0540.

Paul Roettges, MDA member of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and the American Association of Knee and Hip Surgeries, Dr. Roettges performs hip and knee replacements as well as complex unresolved hip and knee pain.

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Surgery Is Not The Only Option

There are plenty of noninvasive treatments to try before surgery. Some of these treatments include physical therapy medications to reduce pain and inflammation and using an assistive device like a cane.

Another option is partial knee replacement, which is designed for people whose osteoarthritis is limited to just one part of the knee. For a partial knee replacement, orthopedic surgeons replace only the damaged part of the knee, while the healthy cartilage and bone in the knee remain in place.

Patients typically recover more quickly and have less pain than with total knee replacement. However, there is the potential that patients will need additional procedures in the future if arthritis develops in parts of the knee that have not been replaced.

Myth : Physiotherapy Is Necessary After The Surgery And The Recovery Is Very Slow

Fact: You may not need physiotherapy as the surgeons will teach all the exercises while you are in the hospital, which you have to do after the discharge. Most of the patients walk without any support after four weeks.

Knee replacement surgery is a good option to treat defects related to the knee. However, like any other surgery, there are some benefits and risks for this surgery too. If you have any misconceptions about the surgery, consult your doctor and plan for the treatment.

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What Is The Success Rate Of Knee Replacement Surgery

The best study to date performed on knee replacement is a 2015 RCT that compared knee replacement to physical therapy. 100 patients with moderate to severe knee osteoarthritis were randomized to undergo total knee replacement, or, 12 weeks of conservative treatment including PT, exercises, and diet modification. This showed some interesting things, none of which really support that 90% number :

  • 3 in 4 patients in the physical therapy group decided not to get a knee replacement
  • About half of the knee replacement group reported some sort of serious complication
  • While the knee replacement group had better functional improvement than physical therapy in some tests, in others there was no difference
  • You needed to perform 6 knee replacements before one person reported that they had at least 15% better function .

Alternatives To Knee Replacement Surgery Are They Really Effective

THE TRUTH ABOUT MY KNEE SURGERY | my journey my arthroscopy

You want to avoid surgery if possible, but what options do you have? Learn about the latest alternatives to knee replacement surgery and if they really work.

On January 14, 2021, an orthopedic surgeon in Vancouver, Canada, performed a knee replacement surgery outside of a hospital setting.

The procedure was done in an outpatient surgery center and allowed the patient to go home the very same day.

Technology is allowing medical professionals to accomplish amazing things through the use of AI and robotics.

Still, many wonder: are there alternatives to knee replacement surgery?

It is a valid question since even minimally invasive surgeries put the body through a lot of stress. Fortunately, technology has advanced to the point where, for some people, surgery may not be necessary.

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What Is Important To The Patient:

No one implant manufacturer has scientifically demonstrated that their system is more appropriately sized or obtains better results than another. All manufacturers have designed high flexion knees that function well in high demand situations. The biggest differences between implant systems are the instrument systems by which the components are implanted and issues of service by the distributor. It is the development of low profile instrument systems that allow the surgeon to perform the procedure in a minimally invasive manner to allow for a shorter recovery time.

When A Knee Replacement Is Needed

Knee replacement surgery is usually necessary when the knee joint is worn or damaged so that your mobility is reduced and you are in pain even while resting.

The most common reason for knee replacement surgery is osteoarthritis. Other health conditions that cause knee damage include:

  • knee deformity with pain and loss of cartilage

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Complications And Risks Of Knee Replacement Surgery

Most patients who choose to have knee replacement surgery are very happy with their . Typical patients find relief of pain, and an ability to increase their activities. However, there are possible complications of the surgery, and why knee replacement patients may not be happy. Here are five problems that can frustrate patients who have knee replacement.

Who Is Offered Knee Replacement Surgery

Myths and truth of knee replacement surgery explained in easy words

A knee replacement is major surgery, so is normally only recommended if other treatments, such as physiotherapy or steroid injections, have not reduced pain or improved mobility.

You may be offered knee replacement surgery if:

  • you have severe pain, swelling and stiffness in your knee joint and your mobility is reduced
  • your knee pain is so severe that it interferes with your quality of life and sleep
  • everyday tasks, such as shopping or getting out of the bath, are difficult or impossible
  • you’re feeling depressed because of the pain and lack of mobility
  • you cannot work or have a social life

You’ll also need to be well enough to cope with both a major operation and the rehabilitation afterwards.

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Avoid Surgery With Cutting Edge Pain Centers

So, before you commit to a knee replacement surgery, make sure you explore your options. Make sure you determine that the knee is the issue. And if the knee is the root cause of your pain, consider alternatives to invasive surgery. For instance, if you have mild arthritis, precise, fluoroscopic, ultrasound-guided injections of highly concentrated platelet-rich plasma work well in most cases. These natural growth factors from your platelets can support cartilage health. If your arthritis is moderate or severe, precise, fluoroscopic, ultrasound-guided injections of your own stem cells may do the trick. If youre not sure about the options available to you, feel free to reach out to us. We are here to help.

The Modern Knee Replacement And Sizing Issues:

As a result of the above enlightenment, the last decade has produced knee implant systems that are more appropriately sized for body type and gender. It is now known, for instance, that the average female knee is narrower from side to side than that of their otherwise similarly sized male counterpart. And it is now appreciated that inappropriately sized implants can cause prolonged postoperative soft tissue soreness about the knee. As these anatomic facts and differences became understood, the major implant manufacturers began one by one to revise their inventory of implant sizes available to surgeons for use in their patients. Implant manufacturing companies have as much as doubled the available sizing inventory. The anterior posterior to medial lateral sizing ratios have been altered to fit both female and male patients of all shapes and sizes. In-between sizes are offered. The result is that all major implant manufacturers now offer an array of implant sizes that can appropriately fit all patients of both sexes of all body type.

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What Are The Advantages Of Knee Replacement

Long-term, you may still feel some discomfort and have to limit high-impact activity to protect the replacement joint. But knee replacement can relieve a lot of the pain and help you move much better. More than 90% of people who have a total knee replacement still function well 15 years after surgery.

Im Too Old To Have Knee Replacement Surgery

How painful is a total knee replacement

The truth is that knee replacement surgery is most effective in patients 50 or older, with the surgery being performed on patients as young as 50. However, the younger you are, the more damage there is to your cartilage and bones, making it harder for you to recover fully after a knee replacement. Its also important to note that knee replacement surgery isnt right for everyone some patients may not be able to tolerate anesthesia or recover from the procedure without complications.

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Knee Replacement Surgery Shouldnt Be Your First Line Of Treatment

Even if your knee pain is significant, most doctors will recommend non-operative treatment options before recommending knee replacement surgery. This might include weight loss, an exercise regimen, medications, cortisone or other injection therapies, a minimally invasive surgical procedure, such as a meniscectomy, or bracing.

Physiotherapy Is Mandatory After The Surgery

Although physiotherapy may help with rehabilitation after knee replacement surgery, it is not a necessary part of the process. This is because most patients who undergo a knee replacement are able to walk without any issues after surgery. In fact, many patients can return to work within two weeks of their operation and resume their normal activities quickly.

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Knee Replacement Surgery Has Improved Over The Years

In the late 1970s and early 1980s, people often heard about knee replacement surgeries gone wrong. Those suffering with knee pain regularly waited until they were wheelchair bound before seeking treatment knee replacement was the last resort.

But times have changed. “We used to see people in the much later stages of the arthritic process, but we rarely see people like that nowadays,” says Rosenberg.

Knee replacement surgeries are more consistent now thanks to new techniques, technologies and materials. For instance, there are now up to 200 implant size variations, compared to just three or four sizes 30 years ago.

“Using the proper implant size leads to even better range of motion and less pain,” says Rosenberg.

And today’s joint replacement surgical systems are designed to help orthopedic surgeons make more precise cuts, place implants more precisely and minimize soft tissue damage for optimal results.

The latest innovation is robotic-assisted knee replacement , which offers a truly personalized approach.

With this procedure, the surgeon creates a 3D virtual model of the joint and uses that model to determine the optimal size, placement and alignment of the implant. The surgery itself is guided by real-time data, so the surgeon can make necessary adjustments throughout the surgery.

Several joint replacement surgeons at Rush are now performing robotic-assisted partial and total knee replacement.

Total Knee Replacement Cost

Knee Replacement Success Rate

Cost can vary, depending on where you have the procedure and your overall health at that time.

If you have other conditions that are not related to your knees, they may affect the procedure and cost as well.

When considering the cost of the procedure, you should also consider additional costs for:

  • your hospital stay

Exercise plays a key role in preventing knee damage, supporting the knee during treatment, and recovery.

Exercise can help prevent joint damage by:

This is true both before and after surgery, whether for the natural or the artificial knee.

Chronic pain and mobility issues can increase the risk of social isolation. Joining an exercise class may be a good way to connect with other people, some of whom may have similar health issues.

Physical activity can also help you feel good and reduce the risk of anxiety and depression.

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New Quad Sparing Technique May Provide Faster Recovery For Patients With Arthritis Of The Knee

Edited by Seth S. Leopold, M.D., Professor, UW Orthopaedics & Hip & Knee

OverviewKnee replacement is a surgical procedure that decreases pain and improves the quality of life in many patients with severe knee arthritis. Typically patients undergo this surgery after non-operative treatments have failed to provide relief of arthritic symptoms. Surgeons have performed knee replacements for over three decades generally with excellent results most reports have ten-year success rates in excess of 90 percent.

Broadly speaking there are two types ways to insert a total knee replacement: the traditional approach and the newer minimally-invasive approach.

Traditional total knee replacement involves a roughly 8 incision over the knee a hospital stay of 3-5 days and sometimes an additional stay in an inpatient rehabilitation setting before going home. The recovery period typically lasting from one to three months. The large majority of patients report substantial or complete relief of their arthritic symptoms once they have recovered from a total knee replacement.

The main potential benefits of this new technique include:

  • Smaller incision. While this procedure would not be worth performing for cosmetic benefits many patients do prefer the shorter incision. Traditional knee replacement incisions often measure 8 or longer minimally-invasive quadriceps-sparing knee replacement incisions are about 4 in length for most patients.
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    Not All Hospitals Achieve The Same Results

    Knee replacement is a surgery focused on reducing pain and getting you back to the activities you love. But not all hospitals achieve the same results. Some are more reliable than others. With the help of the HSS Hospital Reliability Scorecard, you can make sure you’re asking the critical questions to find the hospital that’s right for you. Understanding the data points will help you make the best decision for your care.

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    How Is A Total Knee Replacement Performed

    First, the orthopedic surgeon makes an incision in the knee and moves the patella to the side. If are any bone spurs are present, as sometimes occurs in osteoarthritis, they will be removed.

    Next, the two menisci between the femur and tibia are removed, as are the anterior cruciate ligament and, in some cases, the posterior cruciate ligament . In some types of knee replacement, the PCL is retained.

    During the main phase of the operation, the surgeon cuts and remove cartilage and some bone from the upper part of the tibia and lower sections of the femur. The femoral sections removed are two knobby protuberances called the femoral condyles. The tibia and femur are then be capped with metal implants to create new surfaces for the joint. The surface of the femoral component mimics the shape of the original femoral condyles. If the kneecap has also degraded, the surface on its underside may also be cut away and replaced with a polyethylene implant.

    Finally, the various layers of tissue are repaired with dissolvable sutures and the skin incision is closed with sutures or surgical staples. A bandage will be wrapped around the knee and the patient is be taken to recovery.

    Fixed-bearing knee implant with a polyethylene articulating surface sandwiched between the metal tibial implant and metal femoral implant.

    Side-view illustration of a knee with a fixed-bearing knee implant in place.

    X-ray of a knee after total knee replacement, showing the implanted prosthesis)

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