What Is The Best Way To Get Rid Of Fluid On The Knee
This is purely situational. Whats best for you may be different for someone else.
- The RICE method is essentially first-aid for fresh injuries.
- Oral over-the-counter medications like pain relievers and NSAIDs are solid options but topical salicylates may be better if the former give you gastric distress.
- Corticosteroids may also be prescribed if OTC options dont work or if the knee swelling is caused by autoimmune disorders
- Your doctor may also order antibiotics if bacterial infections are what caused the swelling and knee pain.
- Knee joint aspiration can also be an option to quickly evacuate the water inside your knees.
- Minimally invasive and extensive knee surgeries may be required if structures in and around your joint need repair.
What Are Joint Injections
After joint aspiration, your healthcare provider may inject corticosteroids into the joint. This anti-inflammatory medication eases pain, swelling and stiffness. The drugs may also slow the return of excess fluid to the joint.
Steroid injections work best for inflammatory conditions like arthritis and tendonitis. Treatment effects last a couple of months. You shouldnt get more than four injections in the same joint within a year. Steroid overuse can damage the joint and weaken supporting tendons and ligaments.
Diagnosis Of Water On The Knee Or Knee Effusion
To diagnose Water on the Knee or Knee Effusion, the treating physician will order the following tests:
- Radiographic Studies: These studies will give the physician a view of the inside of the knee which will help in determining whether there is fluid buildup in the knee and the cause of the fluid buildup.
- X-ray: This helps to rule out fractures or dislocations of the knee joint and to look for presence of arthritis
- Ultrasound: This can be done to look for arthritis or other ligament abnormalities
- MRI: In case if the above studies are inconclusive and do not confirm a diagnosis then an MRI will be conducted to look at the interior of the knee and look for a cause of fluid buildup.
Also Check: Nano Knee Cost
How To Get Rid Of Water On The Knee Or Fluid On The Knee
All of our joints contain small amounts of fluids that aid their proper functioning. This lubricant helps us reduce friction inside the joint. Joint effusion, or fluid on the knee, occurs when too much of this liquid build up around the joint.
Excessive liquid like this can incapacitate us, make daily activities a real burden, and significantly reduce our mobility. If you suspect that extra fluid is pressing on your knee joint, continue on reading the next sections. This condition is commonly known as Water on the Knee.
For quick relief, check out The Trigger Point Therapy for more information about how you can efficiently reduce pain. So lets find out how to get rid of fluid on the knee.
Knee Effusion Home Remedies And Exercises
The following are some home remedies for water on the knee or knee effusions that can be done before getting professional medical attention.
Rest: Constantly putting stress on your knee joint will make it difficult for the healing process. Stress by simply standing for long periods of time can take a toll on weight bearing joints like the knees.
Cold therapy: This may be done by simply applying ice on the affected knee to help reduce pain and swelling. Using an ice pack is ideal, but ice cubes in a towel or a bag of frozen vegetables will also do the trick. It is recommended to ice the affected joint for about 15 to 20 minutes every two to four hours.
Elevate the joint: This can help relieve pressure on your knee joint and return blood to the upper part of the body. The general rule of thumb is to raise the knee higher than the level of the heart and support the leg with the use of pillows.
Use crutches or walking devices: This will help protect the knee and reduce the stress put on it through daily activity. Knee braces may also be utilized to a similar effect.
While the above recommendations are considered the initial conservative therapy for knee effusion, once the pain and swelling have gone down, performing strength and balance exercise can help ensure your knee has muscle support to reduce the chances of injury in the future. The following are some knee joint effusion exercises for injury prevention you can try today.
You May Like: Whiten Knees Fast
Diagnosing A Fluid In The Knee
Visually, a knee with fluid will usually look swollen and puffy. If your physician suspects that fluid in the knee may be an issue, he or she may extract some fluid from the knee using a sterile syringe to assess what type of fluid is present. A lab test may be requested to test for the presence of infection or other types of issues. Your doctor may also suggest an imaging test, such as X-ray , MRI or ultrasound which will help him or her evaluate the situation.
When To Contact A Doctor
Below are guidelines to help people decide if their knee swelling requires medical attention. If the person is still unsure whether to seek professional medical treatment, a phone call to a doctor or nurse can help determine whether an office visit is necessary.
A doctor should be contacted if:
- The knee is severely swollen or has a pronounced abnormality
- The knee cannot fully straighten or fully bend
- The knee is severely painful
- The person cannot bear weight on the knee, or feels as if the knee is going to “give out”
- The skin over the knee turns hot or red
- The person has a fever of 100.4° F or higher
- Knee swelling has been present for 3 days or longer
A doctor will examine the patient’s knee and ask the patient several questions. The physical examination and patient interview may provide enough information to make an accurate diagnosis. If more information is needed, the doctor may recommend medical imaging, such as an x-ray, or removing fluid from the knee using an in-office procedure called aspiration.
Seek immediate care if the leg swelling occurs suddenly with no known reason, particularly if it is accompanied by symptoms such as leg pain, chest pain, and/or problems breathing, as these may be signs of a life-threatening blood clot.
Read Also: How To Whiten Knees Fast
S For Reducing Fluid In The Knee
Step 1 Stop any activity that may have caused the knee to swell, like running, jumping or twisting. Terminate action that makes your knee swell or hurt. You might have to avoid driving if it causes discomfort to run the brake or gas pedals.
Step 2 Rest with the leg elevated to reduce swelling naturally. This allows fluid to drain away, and reduces pressure on the joint. Dont walk or put weight on the knee unnecessarily until the pain and fluid have gone away.
Step 3 Use a cold pack to reduce pain and reduce fluid accumulation. You can use a wash cloth taken in cold water, or an industrial cold pack kept in the freezer. Do not use ice or freezer loads directly on the skin instead, wrap the frozen item in a towel and cover it around the knee. Apply this cold pack for 15 to 20 minutes every two to four hours as needed for pain.
Step 4 Wrap the leg with an elastic bandage. This must reduce build-up of fluid on the knee. Do not wrap the knee so securely that it cuts off circulation get rid of the bandage if numbness or tingling in the foot happens, or if the foot feels warm.
Step 5 Take a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory like ibuprofen or naproxen to decrease or prevent inflammation, MayoClinic.com recommends. Trademark name medications that include NSAIDs can include Advil, Motrin or Aleve. Take them with food to prevent stomach inflammation. A painkiller, such as acetaminophen or Tylenol, can likewise be used to relieve pain, but will not reduce the inflammation in the knee.
What Is Joint Aspiration
Joint aspiration is a procedure that sucks fluid from your knee, hip, shoulder, or other joints. Your doctor may do it to help with swelling and fluid related to an injury, infection, or another health condition. Joint aspiration can also help to diagnose arthritis or other joint problems. Your doctor looks at the fluid to find out what type of arthritis you have, like gout or rheumatoid arthritis.
If you have arthritis, bursitis, or tendinitis, getting rid of extra fluid that’s built up inside your joints can help relieve pain and let you move more easily. Sometimes your doctor might inject medicine after the extra fluid is gone. The most common ones are anti-inflammatory corticosteroids.
If you need joint aspiration, your doctor may do other procedures, too. These include:
Recommended Reading: Best Knee Walker 2016
How Can I Prevent Fluid On The Knee
One of the best ways to prevent this condition is to take care of your joints. Maintain a healthy weight, practice exercises to keep the surrounding muscles strong, flexible, and supportive.
Consider low-impact activities such as cycling, swimming, or moderately challenging walking avoid steep hills. Make sure you use the correct form with any exercises to protect your knees and other joints.
What Are Potential Risks Or Complications Of Arthrocentesis And Joint Injections
Joint aspirations and injections are relatively safe. Rarely, these complications develop:
- Allergic reaction: Some people are allergic to the anesthetic or the injectable medication. In very rare instances, this can cause anaphylaxis, a life-threatening response.
- Infection: Rarely, people develop infections after getting steroid injections.
- Post-injection flare: An estimated 1 in 50 people develop post-injection flare several hours after getting an injection. It causes joint swelling and pain that subsides in a few days.
Read Also: How Much Does Aflac Pay For Knee Surgery
Apply Cold And Compression
Another RICE step that can help reduce fluid in your knee is applying cold compression. With this method, you can use ice cubes, a cold pack stored in the freezer, or a cold washcloth.
When using Ice, its not advisable to put it directly on the skin. Instead, put them in a towel or wrap them in a washcloth before placing them on your knee.
Depending on the method you use, you should apply the cold compression for 15 to 20 minutes every 2 to 4 hours. If you are wrapping your knee with a cold elastic bandage, be sure to loosen it to allow blood flow to the knee and the lower leg. If you notice numbness, warmth, or a tingling feeling, remove the bandage immediately.
Apply the cold compression for 15 to 20 minutes every 2 to 4 hours. Dont do it after three days of no improvement.
How To Reduce Fluid In The Knee Naturally
The knee is the biggest hinged joint in the body and knee problems are common. A 2006 Center for Disease Control and Prevention survey revealed that 30 percent of adults reported pain in the previous 30 days, with 18 percent suffering knee pain and tightness. Fluid in the knee, or effusion, can be caused by trauma, an overuse injury, or disease.
Don’t Miss: Does Aflac Pay For Sprains
Arthrocentesis Of The Knee
The knee and connecting suprapatellar pouch can be punctured while the patient is supine and the knee is extended. The needle, 18- or 20-gauge, can be inserted anteromedially, under the cephalad half or third of the patella. Alternatively, the needle can be inserted laterally, just under the cephalad edge of the patella .
How To Drain Fluid From Knee At Home
While you technically cant drain fluid without the help of a professional, there are a few home remedies that can reduce inflammation at the site of your injury. These include the following:
- RICE method
- Massage , and
- Isometric exercises
For more information on how to drain fluid from knee at home, theres a section near the top of this page that describes these methods in detail.
Also Check: Inversion Table Benefits For Knees
Risk Factors For A Swollen Knee
- Being overweight or obese your knees are weight-bearing so any excess weight puts more strain on them, which can damage your knee joint over time obesity also increases the risk of osteoarthritis, which is a common cause of a swollen knees
- Playing certain sports if you take part in sports that involve pivoting, rotating or twisting your knees, youre at greater risk of knee injuries, which cause swelling
- Your age your risk increases as you get older
When Should Joint Effusion Be Treated By A Healthcare Provider
You should contact emergency services or go to the emergency department if you have the following symptoms:
- A broken bone or torn ligament.
- A joint effusion with a fever.
- An inability to move your joint.
- An inability to put weight on your joint.
- Loss of feeling in your joint.
Joint effusion plus a fever might mean that you have an infection in your joint . Septic arthritis can seriously damage your joint. You might even need surgery. See a healthcare provider right away to prevent permanent damage. There are treatments to help you recover from septic arthritis.
Contact your healthcare provider if you have symptoms of arthritis. Although different types of arthritis have different symptoms, there are some common symptoms that include:
- Pain in your joint.
- Redness on the skin around your joint.
- Stiffness in your joint.
- Skin tenderness around the joint.
- Swelling around your joint .
- Warm skin around the joint.
Recommended Reading: How Much Does Aflac Pay For Ambulance Ride
Should You Walk When You Have Knee Pain
If you have mild to moderate pain in your knees due to osteoarthritis, walking and other exercise helps mobilize your joint fluid and lubricate the joints. You should walk and do other exercises that move your knee joints. You are likely to find that the stiffness, pain, and fatigue improve with exercise.
If you have moderate to severe pain in your knees before you start walking, take it easy. Do a shorter walk at an easy pace or try an activity that doesnt place much stress on the joint, such as water exercises in a pool. If joint pain remains severe, stop immediately as it is a sign of inflammation or joint damage that needs treatment.
If you have joint pain occasionally the day after a walk or run, you should take a day off and do a shorter workout or one that doesnt put stress on the joint. If you always have joint pain after exercise, you may have to switch to a form of exercise that doesnt put stress on the knees, such as cycling or swimming.
Treatment For Water On The Knee Or Knee Effusion
The treatment for Water on the Knee or Knee Effusion is two fold and is done by either using medications or a surgical procedure.
Medications: Some of the medications used for treatment of Water on the Knee or Knee Effusion are:
- Pain Medications: Pain medications like ibuprofen etc. can be used for control of pain and inflammation.
- Antibiotics: In case an infection is the cause of the fluid buildup then the physician will prescribes appropriate antibiotics to treat the infection.
- Corticosteroids: Medications like prednisone can be used short term for pain relief.
Surgical Procedures: Some of the surgical procedures used for treatment of Water on the Knee or Knee Effusion are:
- Arthrocentesis: In this procedure, the fluid present in the knee is removed and the pressure in the knee is relieved. After removal of the fluid, the physician may give a shot of steroid to calm the inflammation down.
- Arthroscopy: This procedure is done by making a small incision and inserts an arthroscope which has a minature camera to look at the internal structures of the knee and repairing the damaged structures
- Joint Replacement: This procedure is done if the knee joint gets damaged beyond repair and weightbearing becomes extremely painful and intolerable.
You May Like: Does Tommie Copper Knee Sleeve Work
What Is Viscosupplementation
Viscosupplementation is a type of joint injection that specifically treats osteoarthritis. Research on the effectiveness of this treatment shows mixed results. Some people have less pain and improved movement after treatment. But some people see no change.
Your healthcare provider injects hyaluronic acid into a joint . This substance occurs naturally in synovial fluid surrounding joints.
You get one to five injections over a few weeks. It can take several weeks for symptoms to improve. Viscosupplementation may relieve pain and improve mobility for about six months. You can get the treatment again.
Warnings And Common Errors
Carefully ensure optimal positioning before joint puncture.
Allow adequate time for local anesthesia to take effect before proceeding.
To avoid damaging the synovium and articular cartilage, do not advance the needle against resistance and do not move the needle once it has begun draining synovial fluid.
If the needle tip must be relocated, first withdraw it almost to the skin surface and then redirect do not try to change the angle of insertion while a needle is embedded in tissue.
Distinguish a knee effusion from effusion or swelling of the prepatellar bursa.
Read Also: Flying After Knee Replacement Surgery
Causes Of Water On The Knee
- Bursitis bursae are small fluid sacs close to the knee joint. If the sacs become irritated and swollen, one result is water on the knee. An overworked knee joint is susceptible to bursitis.
- A compromised meniscus, or other tendons and ligaments around the joint
- Fractured bone. Even a hairline/stress fracture can have noticeable side effects.
- Injury whether from repetitive stress or sudden trauma