What Should I Expect During The First Six Weeks After Discharge
During the first six weeks after discharge, you should be making progress week by week. Most patients are eager to report their progress at follow-up visits and are ready to move to the next level in their recovery. Most patients can accomplish the following during the first six weeks after total joint replacement:
- Walk without help on a level surface with the use of walker, crutches or cane as appropriate.
- Climb stairs as tolerated.
- Get in and out of bed without help.
- Get in and out of a chair or car without help.
- Shower using a tub bench once staples are removed as long as there are no issues with the incision.
- Resume your activities of daily living including cooking, light chores, walking and going outside the home. You should certainly be awake and moving around most of the day.
- Some patients return to work before the first follow-up visit. This is approved on an individual basis and should be discussed with your surgeon.
Icing and elevation
After a joint replacement, swelling is expected. Swelling can cause increased pain and limit your range of motion, so taking steps to reduce the swelling is important. Continue using ice packs or some form of cold therapy to help reduce swelling.
Sexual activity after joint replacement
Many people worry about resuming sexual activity after a joint replacement.
Resuming your diet
If youre not eating well after surgery, contact your healthcare provider about nutritional supplements.
The Many Causes Of Chronic Nerve Pain
Nerves are sensitive by nature and can be damaged in many different ways. The following are just a few potential causes of nerve damage in the feet and ankles:
Diabetes Nerve damage occurs in about 1 in 4 people who have diabetes, and the odds of damage rise as the disease progresses. The feet are an especially likely target for diabetic neuropathy, as reduced blood flow caused by the disease makes providing nourishment to the nerves at the extremities more difficult.
Compression Any circumstance that causes the nerves to be crushed or pinched can cause chronic pain. This can include pinched nerves, trauma, and conditions such as tarsal tunnel syndrome.
Cancer There are several ways in which cancer can contribute to nerve pain. A tumor may press against or pinch nerves, nutritional deficiencies resulting from the disease can affect nerve health, and in some cases cancer treatments can produce nerve pain in some patients.
Chronic nerve pain does not always need to take the form of a traditional pain or ache. Feelings of numbness, tingling, burning, or prickling can also be experienced.
When Its Time For Knee Replacement Surgery
Knee arthritis can get worse in spite of treatment. If youve tried these methods and are still dealing with pain, it might be time to discuss knee replacement with an experienced orthopaedic surgeon. Total knee replacement is a major procedure, but it can offer better quality of life and improved mobility that last for many years.
A total knee replacement is more of a resurfacing of the bones in the knee: the end of the femur , the top of the tibia and the inward facing surface of the patella, or kneecap. The surgeon removes the bony surfaces and replaces them with metal and plastic implants. The plastic serves the same purpose as the cartilage, helping the implants glide against each other smoothly.
Valaik notes that there are constant innovations in the field of knee replacement. For instance, more surgeons are using regional anesthesia for the procedure, which can mean a shorter hospital stay compared with when general anesthesia is used.
New multimodal pain approaches, surgical techniques and physical therapy after these surgeries are all improving a patients knee replacement experience, he says.
Hip and Knee Replacement at Johns Hopkins
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How Do I Manage Pain And Discomfort After Joint Replacement Surgery
Try to take your pain medication as soon as you begin to feel pain. Don’t wait until the pain becomes severe. Follow the instructions on the prescription label. Remember to take your pain medication before activity and bedtime.
If you need to have stitches or staples removed and you’re still taking pain medications, be sure to have a friend or family member drive you to your appointment.
Pain medication may cause nausea. If this happens, decrease the amount you are taking or stop and contact your surgeons office.
If you need additional pain medication, please contact your surgeons office. Give at least a few days advance notice before you run out of the medication. Please plan ahead, especially for holiday weekends.
- You aren’t permitted to drive a car while taking narcotic pain medication.
- It may take several days to have a bowel movement. Anesthesia and pain medication often cause constipation. Drink plenty of fluids and eat whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. A stool softener or laxative can help bowel function return to normal.
- Don’t hesitate to call your surgeons office with any questions or concerns.
Walker, crutches, cane
Use your assistive devices for balance as instructed by your surgeon or therapist. By your first post-op visit with your surgeon, you may have already improved and changed from using a walker or crutches to a cane .
Common Mechanisms Of Pain And Memory
It has been seen that the neurokinin receptor and cycloxygenase 2 are involved in central sensitization. The genes for Dynorphin and NK1 have been seen to be upregulated in the spinal cord, and widespread COX-2 has been seen to be upregulated in many areas of the central nervous system by pain facilitation . However, NK1 and COX2, which are involved in central sensitization, are not involved in hippocampal LTP. It is also known that NMDA receptors, essential for activity dependent central sensitization, also are necessary for the initiation of LTP, which has a role in the consolidation of memory. The common mechanisms in hippocampal early phase LTP and central sensitization are phosphorylation of synaptic receptors and the insertion of AMPA receptors into the post-synaptic membrane. There is only synaptic strengthening in hippocampal LTP, while central sensitization also can cause neuronal network changes and other cellular mechanisms. It is necessary then to avoid the interruption of memory formation and cortical function while treating central sensitization since the process of LTP is present in central sensitization as well as in memory mechanisms in the cortex .
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The Costs Of Untreated Nerve Pain
Nerve pain can make you feel terribly alone. After all, its not an injury that your family or friends can see. You might feel frustrated if they cant understand what youre feeling.
But while you might feel alone, youre not. Experts believe that 40 million Americans are living with nerve pain. The impact of nerve pain is tremendous. Both the costs to the healthcare system as well as loss of wages and productivity are staggering.
Despite the significant price of nerve pain and the millions of people living with it, experts think that it is still underdiagnosed and undertreated. Studies show that even people who do seek out treatment often arent getting the right treatment. Too many rely on drugs that are unlikely to help.
So if you have nerve pain whether its caused by diabetes, cancer, HIV, shingles, or another condition you need to treat it seriously. Dont assume that it will go away on its own. Dont assume that following the treatment for the underlying disease will resolve it. Instead, talk to your doctor about treating your nerve pain directly.
Mayo Clinic Q And A: Pain After Knee Replacement Surgery
DEAR MAYO CLINIC: It has been months since I had knee replacement surgery, but my knee is still hurting. Can anything be done at this point, or does the surgery just not eliminate pain in some patients?
ANSWER: Although its uncommon, a small percentage of patients continue to have chronic knee pain after knee replacement surgery. But when that happens, you dont have to just put up with the pain. Have your situation evaluated. Several additional treatment options may ease chronic knee pain after knee replacement.
Knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty, is one of the most common orthopedic surgeries performed today. It is most often used to repair joint damage caused by osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis that causes severe knee pain and makes it hard to perform daily activities.
During knee replacement, a surgeoncuts away the damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone andkneecap, and replaces it with an artificial joint. For most people, kneereplacement significantly improves mobility and relieves knee pain. But in somepatients, the pain persists after surgery.
Your first step in dealing withongoing knee pain in this situation is to make an appointment to see thesurgeon who performed your knee replacement. He or she can evaluate your kneeand check for possible complications from the surgery, such as an infection ora problem with the artificial joint.
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What Is Postoperative Neuropathic Pain
Postoperative neuropathic pain is chronic pain after surgery . Although most patients will have some pain after surgery, which is normal, that pain should last for a short time . In some cases, it can last long after the surgery, sometimes for months or even years. This is called chronic postoperative pain.
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Similar Conditions That Affect The Knee
Sometimes patients with knee pain don’t have arthritis at all. Each knee has two rings of cartilage called “menisci” . The menisci work similarly to shock absorbers in a car.
Menisci may be torn acutely in a fall or as the result of other trauma or they may develop degenerative tears from wear-and-tear over many years. Patients with meniscus tears experience pain along the inside or outside of the knee. Sometimes the pain is worse with deep squatting or twisting. Popping and locking of the knee are also occasional symptoms of meniscus tears.
Since some of these symptoms may be present with arthritis and the treatment of arthritis is different from that of meniscus tears, it is important to make the correct diagnosis. A good orthopedic surgeon can distinguish the two conditions by taking a thorough history, performing a careful physical examination, and by obtaining imaging tests. X-rays and Magnetic Resonance Imaging scans may be helpful in distinguishing these two conditions.
Knee Joint Infections
Also called infectious arthritis or septic arthritis, a joint infection is a severe problem that requires emergent medical attention. If not treated promptly knee infections can cause rapid destruction of the joint. In the worst cases they can become life-threatening.Symptoms of a knee joint infection include:
- severe pain
- fevers and
Again, a joint infection is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.
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New Treatment Relieves Knee Pain After Surgery
A new, minimally invasive treatment shows promise for relieving knee pain after surgery, especially total knee replacement. Michael Lupi, D.O., of Physician Partners of America Pain Relief Group Jacksonville, Fla., is pioneering this procedure, called a peripheral nerve stimulator of the genicular nerve.
Dr. Lupi recently became the first doctor in the country to perform this surgery as a treatment for pain after a total knee replacement.
This treatment blocks one or all three of the branches of the genicular nerve in the knee, leading to long-term pain relief, Dr. Lupi said. Peripheral nerve stimulation is a promising treatment of chronic knee pain that cant be controlled by replacing the knee joint. What Leads ot Knee Pain in the First Place?
Arthritis of the knee, also known as osteoarthritis, is a major reason for replacing the knee joint. If often comes with age, when people lose cartilage but there are other reasons a person might develop knee problems that may require surgery.
Pain is the number one symptom of knee arthritis. The pain is more intense when you are active, but it subsides with rest. Swelling and a warm sensation in the joint are other symptoms. Stiffness, especially after sitting for a while or after waking up, is another common symptom.
How Does a Doctor Diagnose Arthritis of the Knee?
Traditional Treatments for Arthritis of the Knee
Total Knee Replacement Surgery
Peripheral Nerve Stimulation Helps Knee Pain After Surgery
Recover With The Um Rehabilitation Network
After a knee replacement, having the right recovery plan thats tailored especially to you is important. The University of Maryland Rehabilitation Network offers first-class physical rehabilitation services across Maryland, from community hospitals to an academic medical center. Get better faster with UMRNs expertise.
Find UM Rehabilitation Network services close to home.
How Can Knee Pain Persist After Surgery
There are several reasons why knee pain may continue after meniscus surgery. These reasons may vary depending on what was accomplished during the surgery. These are the most common reasons why pain persists:
- Poor Rehabilitation: it is important that patients follow the instructions of doctors and physical therapists closely after an operation. This is a vulnerable time for the knee, and exercising in certain ways or developing a limp could cause more damage to the joint. This can be prevented by listening closely, practicing, and sticking to the regimen even when its difficult.
- Developing Arthritis: arthritis occurs when the cartilage between bones begins to deteriorate. Some damage to cartilage that occurs due to arthritis can be difficult and even impossible to repair using arthroscopic surgery. This extra damage may occur after a surgery, in which case patients face the option of a total knee replacement surgery.
- Damaged Meniscus: many surgeries that are performed to repair the meniscus are simply removing damaged tissue. When this occurs, the meniscus is smaller in size, but it is now expected to absorb the same amount of shock. This can lead to retearing of the meniscus, as well as increased pain and discomfort.
What Are Some Types Of Knee Surgery
The most common knee surgeries involve arthroscopy â a surgical technique used to repair many different types of knee problems â or knee replacement.
Arthroscopy is a type of keyhole surgery used to diagnose and treat a wide range of knee problems. A keyhole surgery is one in which long, thin instruments are inserted into the patientâs body through small incisions.
For arthroscopic knee surgery, the surgeon inserts a probe with a small camera, called an arthroscope, into the knee joint. The scope displays pictures on a video monitor to help guide the surgeonâs work. Surgical instruments are inserted into the joint through a second incision.
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons describes the following as the most common arthroscopic procedures for the knee:
- Removal or repair of a torn meniscus â a type of cartilage in your knee that cushions and stabilizes the joint
- Reconstruction of a torn anterior cruciate ligament , which is a ligament that helps stabilize the knee joint
- Removal of inflamed synovial tissue
- Trimming of damaged articular cartilage
- Removal of loose fragments of bone or cartilage
- Treatment of patella problems
- Treatment of knee sepsis
In a knee replacement operation, the surgeon removes damaged parts of the knee joint and replaces them with new parts made of materials such as metal, ceramic, or plastic. Contrary to the name of the procedure, the surgeon does not replace the entire knee joint.
The Best Way To Treat And Control Neuropathic Pain
- NSPC Team
Do you ever feel a stabbing pain, numbness, burning, or pins and needles sensations? If you have any of these unpleasant symptoms, you may have Neuropathic Pain . Neuropathic pain is unlike the usual pain you have immediately after an injury. With NP, nerve fibers are damaged and become overactive. They send inappropriate signals to other pain centers in the spinal cord and brain. The pain quickly reaches unbearable levels, despite a lack of tissue damage, and can persist for years if left untreated.
The best way to treat and control NP is to seek help from a pain specialist immediately when you start having symptoms. Effective management lowers pain levels and treats related problems such as insomnia, depression, and anxiety.
A pain specialist will provide you with a multitude of treatments, tailored to your individual situation. They range from oral medications to pain-relief injections, device implants, and regenerative therapies. A pain specialist can guide you and help you manage your NP.
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Take Drugs As Directed
Your doctor will prescribe drugs for the most part to control pain and inflammation, yet perhaps at the same time to avoid diseases as well as blood clusters relying upon your finding, age and general health condition. Be careful not to take any prescriptions on an unfilled stomach, as they can bother the covering of your stomach and increment the danger of stomach surfaces.
Non-steroidal hostile to inflammatories (NSAIDs, for example, ibuprofen, naproxen or headache medicine enable you to manage irritation and agony.
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Technical Details Of Total Knee Replacement
Total knee replacement surgery begins by performing a sterile preparation of the skin over the knee to prevent infection. This is followed by inflation of a tourniquet to prevent blood loss during the operation.
Next, a well-positioned skin incision–typically 6-7 in length though this varies with the patients size and the complexity of the knee problem–is made down the front of the knee and the knee joint is inspected.
Next, specialized alignment rods and cutting jigs are used to remove enough bone from the end of the femur , the top of the tibia , and the underside of the patella to allow placement of the joint replacement implants. Proper sizing and alignment of the implants, as well as balancing of the knee ligaments, all are critical for normal post-operative function and good pain relief. Again, these steps are complex and considerable experience in total knee replacement is required in order to make sure they are done reliably, case after case. Provisional implant components are placed without bone cement to make sure they fit well against the bones and are well aligned. At this time, good function–including full flexion , extension , and ligament balance–is verified.
Finally, the bone is cleaned using saline solution and the joint replacement components are cemented into place using polymethylmethacrylate bone cement. The surgical incision is closed using stitches and staples.
Length of total knee replacement surgery
Pain and pain management