For Fast And Effective Diagnosis And Treatment Of Knee Cartilage Damage In London Contact The Capital Orthopaedics Team Here
Your knee is the largest joint in your body, and it takes a massive force every step you take. 346% of your body weight goes through your knee when youre walking downstairs. Running can put 11 times your body weight through your knee joint. And the heavier you are, the greater the force.
Our knees have to be pretty extraordinary structures to be able to cope with this enormous strain.
As in all joints, the bones are coated in a layer of slippery cartilage which enables smooth, friction-free movement. In the middle of your knee are two rubbery, semi-circular pieces of cartilage called menisci, which provide additional shock absorption.
Small fluid-filled sacs called bursa also help with cushioning as you pound away at your knee joints.
Just as in any mechanical structure, repeated force or a sudden impact will cause the parts of your knee joint to get worn, torn or damaged.
The result is a pain in your knees. It may be a dull ache, or sharp, debilitating pain. It may be accompanied by swelling and a feeling of instability. It may change your life
No matter what the best thing you can do is get a diagnosis, and the sooner the better. Joints that take that much force on a daily basis rarely get better on their own. Many knee conditions can be resolved with physiotherapy if they are caught soon enough. Even if you need surgery, the sooner you can get treated, the less likely you are to have ongoing repercussions such as osteoarthritis.
How To Rebuild Knee Cartilage Naturally
As discussed previously, researchers used to believe that articular cartilage could not regenerate on its own because it had no blood supply, which of course is the primary pathway of nutrient delivery to tissues.
However,studies have shown that there is some evidence that articular cartilage can be stimulated to grow naturally.
We always recommend a preventive approach to wellness, so here are a few tips to help rebuild your cartilage naturally:
- Eat foods that are rich in nutrients such as vitamin C to help synthesize more collagen in your body.
- Eat brown rice and other sources of hyaluronic acid to ensure your joints are well lubricated and that your joint cartilage is not wearing out.
- Maintain healthy exercise habits to keep your joints in shape and to prevent atrophy of the articular cartilage.
- Make it a habit to include herbal supplements in your diet like these that have beneficial properties for preventing and alleviating joint deterioration.
Studies have also shown that certain traditional plants have the ability to increase the synthesis of collagen, which then boosts the activity of chondrocytes in forming more cartilage. Such plants include Pleurostyia capensis, Pterocarpus angolensis, and Eucomis autumnalis.
We hope this helps you learn how to increase cartilage in your joints naturally so you can avoid the pain and suffering associated with joint deterioration.
Global Knee Cartilage Repair And Regeneration Market Report Provides Most Significant Analysis Of Key Players During Covid19 Pandemic It Gives Historical As Well As Present Growth Parameters Size Share Scope Business Growth Expectations Competitors With Market Segmentation Analysis Knee Cartilage Repair And Regeneration Market Research Report Spread Across 116 Pages With Top Key Manufacturers
- Email icon
- Resize icon
The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.
Oct 21, 2021 —“Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry.”
Latest published Knee Cartilage Repair and Regeneration Market report provides a comprehensive overview of global Business Tactics, Current Industry Status, Future Scope, and Development Plans of Top Manufacturers. Knee Cartilage Repair and Regeneration Market research report shows the latest market insights with upcoming trends and challenges, provides regional development with the breakdown of products and services. This Knee Cartilage Repair and Regeneration Market report contains 116 Pages with In-depth TOC. It offers detailed research and analysis of key statistics with various research techniques, opportunities, business strategies, latest innovations, SWOT, and PESTLE analysis of global players. The report aims to provide an extensive analysis of key market growth and covers detailed market segmentation by types, applications, and regions.
Request a sample copy of the report –
Knee Cartilage Repair and Regeneration Market Summary:
List of Top Key Players in Knee Cartilage Repair and Regeneration Market Report Are – This report covers the current Knee Cartilage Repair and Regeneration market size and its growth rates based on 6-year records with a company outline of Top Key players/manufacturers:
Read Also: Why Does My Knee Stiffen Up After Sitting
Treatment Of Torn Cartilage
Treatment for a cartilage tear will depend on the size, location, and severity of your symptoms, as well as your age, activity level, injury type, and the overall condition of the joint. For small cartilage tears causing minor symptoms, noninvasive and holistic treatments such as the RICE method rest, ice, compression, and elevation are first recommended.
If the RICE method doesnt work to relieve the pain or the disabling condition of the injured joint, then your orthopedist may recommend physical therapy and changes to your lifestyle which may be exacerbating the injury. A small torn meniscus that is damaged on the outer section of the meniscus may not require surgery, as the blood supply is better in that region and can therefore heal on its own eventually. Some tears, however, can cause the joint to become unstable, which means that surgery may be necessary.
What Is Articular Cartilage
The matrix of cartilage is made up of collagens, proteoglycans, and non-collagenous proteins. While cartilage is a highly-organized structure, about 85% of cartilage is water. This decreases to about 70% of older people. Chondrocytes are the only cells found in cartilage and this produces and maintains the cartilage matrix.
Articular cartilage serves as the cushion and shock absorber within the joint. It does so because it lines the ends of the two bones that form the joint.
Cartilage damage can be caused by several conditions including:
- Joint injury
- Rheumatoid arthritis
Joints affected by cartilage damage become painful, stiff, and have a limited range of motion.
Cartilage has a limited capacity to heal itself. Consequently, articular cartilage has become the focus of many researchers and tissue engineers who strive to be able to grow new cartilage and transplant it in place of damaged or worn cartilage.
Also Check: How Do You Pop Your Knee
Restoring Cartilage In Your Joints
You may think that once your cartilage is gone, you cant get it back. That might have been true at one time, but with todays technology and our skilled surgeons, cartilage restoration is a great treatment option.
Usually, conservative avenues are the first line of treatment for your injury, unless its severe. This typically includes:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Steroid injections
If youve tried these without relief, its probably time to speak to one of our surgeons about cartilage restoration surgery.
This procedure is done by arthroscopy, meaning youll only need a few tiny incisions by your joint. Our surgeons will then insert small instruments into your joint to repair the damaged cartilage and repair the surrounding tissue if needed. This can be done by a method called microfracturing, which involves a sharp tool that our surgeons use to make small holes in the bone in your joint. This stimulates new blood supply, which in turn stimulates the growth of new cartilage.
This surgery is very effective in treating injuries within your knee, but can also be beneficial with cartilage loss in your shoulder and even your ankle. With new cartilage growth, youll likely experience a lot less pain in your joint and regain a lot of joint mobility.
There are other procedures that can also stimulate cartilage growth however, its up to you and your surgeon to determine what procedure is best for you and your injury.
You Might Also Enjoy…
What Is Cartilage And What Does It Do
Cartilage is the slippery tissue on the ends of bones, in between joints, and elsewhere in the body. There are two kinds of cartilage in the knee: Articular cartilage sits at the end of a bone to provide a slippery surface that allows the two bones of the joint to glide easily against one another. The meniscus are two pieces of cartilage between the bones in the knee joint that distribute impact and act as shock absorbers . For the purposes of this discussion, well focus on how we address damage to articular cartilage.
Compared with other body tissues, cartilage has a poor blood supply, and that limits its potential to heal itself when injured. Thats why, when cartilage is torn or damaged by a sports-related injury or other trauma to the knee, fixing it can be especially tricky.
Also Check: Why Does My Knee Stiffen Up After Sitting
What Is The Function Of Cartilage
Cartilage is a form of connective tissue that covers the end of each bone in the body. It provides cushioning and shock absorption to the joints, allowing them to move smoothly without restriction. When there is decreased cartilage within a joint, you may experience pain, stiffness, and difficulty moving your joints through their full range of motion.
A variety of treatments are used to treat loss of cartilage in the knee, ranging from conservative measures like pain medications, weight loss, and physical therapy to more invasive procedures like injections and surgery, depending on the severity of your symptoms and degree of cartilage loss.
Are There Any Natural Way To Rebuild Cartilage In Knees
In conditions which are not chronic such as injuries to the joints, the torn or damaged cartilage may heal of its own, if you give proper rest to the joint involved.
There are some supplements claimed to be beneficial in rebuilding cartilage in the joints especially the knee joint, it is glucosamine which people claim to have benefitted many individuals suffering from arthritis, although clinical trials are still to ascertain it. Medical scientists are still conducting researches to find the way for rebuilding the cartilage in a natural form. Even scientists are experimenting to rebuild the cartilage from the stem cells but they are also in their primary stage and will take some years to develop it for medical use. In this sense it is necessary to prevent cartilage damage in first place, if you exercise your leg muscles it will help to protect the knees and refrain the knee cartilage from getting damaged. While exercising you start it gradually. Use protective gear when you play sports.
Don’t Miss: How To Whiten Knees And Elbows
Role Of Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate
Recent studies demonstrated that marrow-derived stem cells secrete bioactive molecules that stimulate angiogenesis and mitosis of tissue-specific and -intrinsic progenitors and reduce T cell surveillance and inflammation, and some authors have also recognized that the presence of other nucleated cells is able to restore the damaged tissue.- The authors from Milan are performing a single-step surgery utilizing autologous BMAC containing MSCs and growth factors for cartilage repair in large osteochondral lesions measuring even up to 22 cm2 in size. In a prospective study, we followed up a group of 15 athletes operated on for grade IV cartilage lesions. The average size of the lesions was 9.2 cm2 . We harvested 60 mL of BMAC from the ipsilateral iliac crest using a dedicated aspiration kit and centrifuged using a commercially available system .3C). The cartilage defect was templated and the collagen membrane fashioned according to the defect size. Using Batroxobin enzyme , the BMAC was activated and produced a sticky clot material which was implanted into the prepared cartilage defect . Finally the defect was covered with a collagen membrane in order to protect MSCs .
Grade IV chondral lesion of patella, bone marrow aspiration, centrifugation, BMAC clot after activation, implantation and coverage with collagen scaffold, and biopsy at 2-year follow-up.
Knee Cartilage Damage: Cause And Symptoms
Perhaps you are thinking, Im too young to have arthritis! The truth is that people of any age can develop arthritis, and there are over 100 different kinds. The most common type, osteoarthritis, is typically seen in older patients, which may lead to the assumption that only older adults receive these diagnoses. The next two most common arthritis forms are rheumatoid and arthritis caused by traumatic injury to a joint. These two, among other types, are more likely to be seen in younger adult patients.
Regardless of what type of arthritis you were diagnosed with, you may have some cartilage damage that is in need of repair. How can you tell for sure? Some symptoms of knee cartilage damage include pain and inability to fully move the knee. You may also notice a physical deformity or feel inflammation. Only the diagnosis of an orthopaedic specialist can confirm the extent of the damage.
Don’t Miss: How To Whiten Knees And Elbows
Helpful Vitamins For Arthritis
Although there isn’t a “best arthritis vitamin” designation, two vitamins are known to strengthen the muscles, joint cartilage and connective tissue, says the Arthritis Foundation. Vitamin C is especially helpful as it helps form and maintain connective tissue and collagen.
Next, magnesium is a multi-tasking mineral, and its benefits begin with a focus on joint cartilage maintenance. It also supports good muscle and nerve function, contributes to bone strength and regulates the heart rhythm.
According to the Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center, antioxidants like vitamin E and selenium may benefit patients dealing with rheumatoid arthritis, one of many forms of arthritis. Specifically, these nutrients may reduce free radical damage to the joint linings, which in turn, decreases pain and swelling.
Despite this potential benefit, antioxidants’ effectiveness hasn’t yet been proven in human clinical trials. Although you’d ideally obtain all of these nutrients through your diet, you might need supplements to compensate for existing deficiencies.
For Which Conditions Can This Technique Be Used
The best conditions to utilise these techniques are where cartilage damage has occurred in an otherwise healthy knee. In widespread degeneration these techniques cannot be used to regrow the cartilage as the whole joint is diseased, meaning that the technique would fail and there would be no benefit.
Quite often, patients present with a painful knee which is otherwise completely healthy and the underlying problem is damage or injury to the cartilage, which can then be repaired with cartilage regeneration.
Read Also: Can You Rebuild Cartilage In Your Knee
What Surgical Procedures Are Available
Many procedures to restore articular cartilage are done arthroscopically. During arthroscopy, the procedure is done through 2 small incisions . Some procedures require direct access to the affected area via an open incision . In general, recovery from an arthroscopic procedure is quicker and less painful than traditional, open surgery. Your doctor will discuss the options with you to determine what kind of procedure is right for you.
The most common procedures for damaged cartilage are:
- Osteochondral Autograft Transplantation
Studies On Damaged Cartilage Regeneration
A study done by the University of Maryland Medical Center concluded that lysine deficiency can delay the growth of damaged cartilage. It can also affect the regeneration of skin cells, which damages the total reconstruction of the area involved with the physical damage.
12 mg of lysine for every kilo of body weight is what you should consume in order to help the body be able to rebuild cartilage faster. The foods that contain high levels of lysine are:
Don’t Miss: What Is Nano Knee Surgery
How Is Damaged Cartilage Regenerated
Cartilage is regenerated according to what food you eat. One of the other most common conditions that affects the ankle, knee, wrist, elbow, and shoulder cartilage is arthritis, currently a very well-known disease that affects almost everyone older than forty.
For this reason, it is necessary to have proper nutrition so that cartilage tissue can regenerate quickly.
One of the most important amino acids for the rapid regeneration of damaged cartilage is lysine. It is responsible for absorbing calcium and producing collagen that rebuilds damaged tissue. It also improves appearance of your skin and strength of your tendons.
Read also: Everyday Habits that Cause Knee Pain
Stem Cells And Tissue Engineering
Current research focuses on new ways to make the body grow healthy cartilage tissue. This is called tissue engineering. Growth factors that stimulate new tissue may be isolated and used to induce new cartilage formation.
The use of mesenchymal stem cells is also being investigated. Mesenchymal stem cells are basic human cells obtained from living human tissue, such as bone marrow. When stem cells are placed in a specific environment, they can give rise to cells that are similar to the host tissue.
The hope is that stem cells placed near a damaged joint surface will stimulate hyaline cartilage growth.
Tissue engineering procedures are still at an experimental stage. Most tissue engineering is performed at research centers as part of clinical trials.
Don’t Miss: Can You Rebuild Cartilage In Your Knee
What Is The Treatment For A Knee Cartilage Injury
Treatment options depend on a number of factors, including how much the damage is affecting your everyday life and activities.
- Non-surgical treatment includes resting the joint, elevating it, applying ice to minimise swelling and protecting it using a support such as a knee brace. In some cases, this can be enough to reduce your symptoms. However, you may need to make some lifestyle changes, along with having physiotherapy and taking painkillers . You may also be offered injections to reduce inflammation in the joint
- Surgery: its unlikely that the cartilage will heal once it has been damaged. However, your consultant can carry out a number of procedures to help repair the damage. These include: