Exercises To Relieve Pain & Stiffness
When To Call Your Doctor
If your pain and swelling are gettingworse and you can no longer put weight on your knee, see your doctor. A simpleX-ray can show if there is osteoarthritis and, if needed, an MRI scan can checkfor meniscal tears or loose chips of cartilage.
Arthroscopic surgery can sometimes remove loose cartilage. Partial or total knee replacements are other surgical options, especially for those who can no longer stay as active as theyd like. Sometimes computer assistance is used for some complicated knee replacements.
Surgery is a last resort, though,says Dr. Nickodem. Its something to consider when nonoperative treatmentsarent helping.
Tips For Walking When You Have Sensitive Knees
Sensitive knees can be a challenge for walking, but it is a recommended way to maintain your function and reduce your symptoms. If you;have knee pain due to osteoarthritis or other causes, you don’t have to let that keep you from;starting a walking program.
A regular program of walking;can reduce stiffness and inflammation and it won’t make most chronic knee conditions worse.;Walking is the preferred exercise by people with arthritis, and can help you improve your arthritis symptoms, walking speed, and quality of life, according to the CDC.
Walking is;part of a healthy lifestyle to keep your heart and bones strong and your joints functioning. Here are tips for walking when you have sensitive knees.
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Knee Replacement Pain At Night
Knee replacement surgery is often the treatment of last resort when other conservative measures have failed to address painful damage to the knee. A total knee replacement removes the kneecap and removes or repairs damaged bone and other surfaces before inserting an artificial replacement. Partial knee replacement surgery is less invasive and preserves the parts of the joint that are healthy.
The level of your knee replacement pain at night depends on which type of knee replacement surgery you get. The recovery time for total knee replacement can be from one to three months. Partial knee replacement offers a faster recovery time of a week or two. Regardless, during recovery, knee replacement pain at night can be extreme and make daytime activities even more challenging.
Runners Knee Myth: Its Because Of My Q
Many therapists will blame the usual suspects for a case of PFPS:
- Leg length discrepancy
- Severe pronation
But these issues are unlikely why you have runners knee. Lets keep this simple: there is no research that supports these claims.
PFPS is a more mysterious injury than some others, so I cant criticize clinicians who may blame the usual suspects. But the truth is this: no studies have confirmed these issues as contributing to runners knee.
These biomechanical issues could certainly contribute to runners knee, but nobody knows for certain and its irresponsible to make those claims as definitive.
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Knee Pain Prevention: First Steps
Despite the above risk factors, you can prevent knee pain by keeping off the weight. Stay light and maintain a healthy weight. Work regularly to build and strengthen your muscles. Injurymap has a great program to help you do this. Build up your muscles and keep them flexible through consistent training. Follow the right technique and stay the course.
Start slowly. Do exercises that are easy on the knees. You can get enough cardio through swimming or water aerobics. Not all cardio is hard on the knees. You can always swap out your exercises when your knee pain gets worse. For those dealing with chronic knee pain, youll find that self-management through a regular program can work wonders for you.
Getting Medical Treatment For Knee Pain
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Other Common Causes Of Knee Pain While Running
Other common knee-pain-causing issues Gentry sees come from eating a poor diet that builds up toxins and can contribute to inflammation, wearing shoes that don’t provide enough support, and;not having enough recovery time. “It’s important to allow the body to rest, adapt, and recover prior to the next run,” she says. “Massage and Epsom salt baths are something I always suggest when runners have muscular soreness, as they can both help reduce the recovery time and soothe the body.”
As far as footwear goes, make sure that you’re wearing a shoe that was created for your foot type in addition to replacing your shoes about every six months .
While getting rid of the pain is great, there are also some ways to prevent your knees from hurting in the first place. Before your next run, use;Gentry’s top tips to ensure your sweat seshes are no pain, all gain.
Keep A Training Diary
To make sure you’re not overdoing thingsespecially at the beginning of your running journeytake the time to keep track of your sessions. “Starting a training diary will help you clearly see and outline which days you dedicate to running, training, and to recovery,” Gentry says. “This way, you’ll be able to balance yourself out and not do too much, too soon.”
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Fixing Knee Pain At Home
Avoid Sitting For Extended Periods Of Time
Getting up and walking frequently is important to;counteract the negative effects of sitting;and also keep your joints from getting stiff. If youre already getting more than 7,000 steps per day,;getting up to stretch;or perform light exercises like shallow;squats;can help keep the fluid around your knee moving and;reduce inflammation;from prolonged bouts of sitting.
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You Might Have Iliotibial Band Syndrome
If you feel pain outside your kneecap, chances are you have iliotibial band syndrome. The IT band is a stretch of fibers that runs from your hip to the knee on the outer side of the leg and is supported by the bursa to function smoothly, Dr. Logan explains.
Repeatedly bending and extending your knee while running can irritate the IT band and the tissues around it, causing pain and swelling known as IT band syndrome, according to Cedars Sinai. In addition to pain on the outside part of your knee, IT band syndrome can cause clicking, popping and snapping, per the Hospital for Special Surgery.
“Hip abduction is required for any activity that involves one of your feet being off the ground. Your hip abductors keep your pelvis relatively level when walking or running when the opposite side foot comes off the ground. The IT band helps with this, which helps explain why it gets tight,” Dr. Logan says.
“For the IT band to be stretched, your knee has to cross the midline of your body,” he explains. “This rarely occurs during straight-line running, so all it gets to do is contract over and over.”
“I also notice more pain myself when my shoes have too many miles on them. Spend the money to get fitted for the right shoe for your foot shape, and keep track of your miles,” he says. When you feel like your running shoes are worn out, toss them and get a new pair to prevent injury and pain.
Have A Recovery Routine
Recovering properly between workouts is important to allow your muscles and tendons to build strength and adapt. Eating foods that provide you with enough nutrients to help your body recover properly is key. Try these recipes;for quick, healthy options. Youll also want to;foam roll, stretch,;hydrate;and get plenty of;sleep.
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Tips On How To Protect Your Knees And Get Rid Of Knee Cracking
1. Regular exercise and training you need to strengthen legs muscles and at the same time not forget about knee muscles. Weight training, resistance training, or body weight exercises should be included in your fitness plan at least twice a week.2. Warm up before training muscles should be warmed up before a workout. Do not skip the warm-up, as it will help avoid injuries or overloads. Hard workout can easily cause muscle and joint injuries.3. Stretching before and after exercise, you must carefully stretch the muscles and joints. Stretch your front and back thigh muscles regularly first the quadriceps, and then the back of the thigh.4. Choose shoes carefully wear comfortable shoes that are not tight, especially if you spend a lot of time at work.5. Maintain a healthy weight this means that you should not have an excess weight or obesity. Since overweight is bad for the functioning of the knees and joints. Obesity is an established risk factor for the development of arthritis of the knee joint.
Protect Your Knees By Not Over Striding As You Run
Both leaning forwards as you run, and increasing your running cadence will help to prevent you from over striding.
What is over striding?
Over striding is when your foot strikes the ground too far ahead of you as you run, effectively increasing the impact and braking forces your body experiences with each running stride.
Your knees will be one of the first places that experience this increased impact and breaking force as you over stride.
Ideally you should be aiming to land your foot beneath your centre of mass as you run, with your foot striking the ground beneath a flexing knee, rather than ahead of a more extended knee.
Dont worry too much about how your foot strikes the ground . When were looking to prevent Runners Knee, its more important to address where the foot strikes the ground in relation to the knee and the rest of your body.
Ive seen it myself many times in the runners that I coach; learning not to over stride is a powerful way of protecting their knees, overcoming the early signs of knee pain, and keeping them running.
Its been well documented that the easiest way to achieve this is to increase your running cadence, as discussed in the section above!
In my experience, a lot of runners struggle to prevent themselves from over striding in two specific situations:
a) when they get fatigued on the back-end of a long run
b) when theyre trying to lengthen their stride to run faster
The solutions to these two issues?
Exercise And Knee Pain
If your knee pain is due to an injury, surgery, or arthritis, gentle stretching and strengthening exercises may help ease the pain while also improving your flexibility and range of motion.
Exercising a knee thats injured or arthritic may seem counterintuitive, but in fact, exercise is better for your knee than keeping it still. Not moving your knee can cause it to stiffen, and this may worsen the pain and make it harder to go about your daily activities.
Gentle stretching and strengthening exercises can strengthen the muscles that support your knee joint. Having stronger muscles can reduce the impact and stress on your knee, and help your knee joint move more easily.
Before you start an exercise program for knee pain, be sure to talk to your doctor or physical therapist to make sure the exercises are safe for you. Depending on your situation, they may recommend some modifications.
Lean Forwards Slightly As You Run
Okay, lets take a slightly different approach and think about your running technique for a moment.
Researchers looking at patellofemoral joint stress in running have identified that a slight forward trunk lean when running can reduce peak patellofemoral joint stress by more than 10%.
Admittedly, it was a small study with only 24 participants, but it strengthens the concept that how you run will influence the stress and strain that joints and tissues experience as you run. Your running technique matters!
Running with a slight forward lean is certainly something that most elite runners have mastered, and helps to prevent you from over striding, by moving your centre of mass forwards, closer to over your point of initial contact.
Heres a video I made to help you work on your forward leaning running technique:
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Tips For Dealing With Knee Pain
If you have pain in your knee, then definitely do not underestimate it. You do not need to immediately think about a serious illness, but if the following tips do not work within 2 days, you should contact your doctor for help.
- Give your knee a rest the knee joint is able to recover from heavy physical activity, it is enough just to take a break from exercise for a day or two. If you dont get better within a few days, get medical help.
- Try hot and cold compress a hot bath better relieves pain in the knee compared to dry heat. For inflammations, use ice wrapped in a towel.
- Wear a bandage or brace it will protect your aching knee and can help with short-term pain.
- Use a canes or crutches if you need to relieve the knee due to injury or surgery, lean on the crutch. It is better to walk with crutches for a couple of weeks than not to be able stand on your feet for the rest of your life.
- Visit a specialist a doctor who can prescribe the necessary painkillers. At the same time, the doctor will tell you when it is time for surgery and replacement of damaged joints or cartilage.
Increase Your Running Cadence
Sticking with the topic of running technique; one aspect of how you run that has been researched more thoroughly is running cadence.
Running cadence, or your stride frequency, is simply how many strides per minute you make.
Its well accepted now that running with shorter, quicker strides for a given pace, is better for your knees than running at the same pace with longer, comparatively slower strides.
An increase in your running cadence as small as 5% can provide enough of a biomechanical change to your running form, that your knees experience quantifiably less loading with each stride.
One last word on running cadence, before I move on. Youll often see it suggested that the ideal running cadence is 180 strides per minute, regardless of what type of runner you are, or pace you run at.
I have real issues with this advice, especially when running at an easy long run pace!
Check out this video for a proper explanation for why 180 strides per minute isnt a one side fits all number for best running cadence
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