Prevention Of Water On The Knee Or Knee Effusion
Water on the Knee or Knee Effusion as stated is usually caused as a result of an injury or an underlying medical condition. Some steps to prevent Water on the Knee or Knee Effusion are:
- Regular followups with the treating physician in cases of a chronic joint abnormality like osteoarthritis or gout.
- Follow the physicians advice diligently by taking the medications as prescribed and following through with the advice of the physical therapist.
- Regular exercises to strengthen the muscles of the knee and thighs so that they are able to support the knee better
- In case of being overweight, a regular weight loss program is beneficial. Consultation with the treating physician is imperative so that a detailed plan may be formulated for weight loss.
Lack Of Sleep Makes Pain Worse
It can be easy to get stuck in a cycle where you cant sleep because of knee pain. That lack of sleep can actually make your pain worse. Sleep is vital for healing and rejuvenation. Without sleep, you have less energy to expend on healing as you need to focus your bodily processes on staying alert and awake.If nighttime knee pain causes you to toss and turn, you may end up accidentally further straining your knee by sleeping in an uncomfortable position.
When To Go To A Doctor For Water On The Knee
Pay a visit to your doctor if you have too much pain, or if the knee swelling doesnt decrease or gets worse in the following 3 days. You might need a joint aspiration.
Also, if the knee joint feels like giving out, or if you cant bear weight on the injured knee.
Please go to the ER if you have any signs of DVT.
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Potential Causes Of Knee Swelling
Whether water on the knee is mildly annoying or painfully debilitating, a person will want to identify the likely cause and treat the symptoms to help reduce the likelihood of future problems. Chronic or long-standing swelling may lead to joint tissue damage, cartilage degradation, and bone softening, therefore treatment is usually recommended.
This article describes 12 conditions that frequently cause knee swelling, also called water on the knee.
1. Injury to the kneeTrauma to the knee’s bones, ligaments, tendons, bursae, meniscus, or articular cartilage can cause pain and swelling. Serious injury can cause blood to flood into the knee joint, leading to significant swelling, warmth, stiffness, and bruising. This condition is called hemarthrosis and warrants urgent medical care.
A patient should also seek medical attention if knee pain is severe, if the affected leg cannot bear weight, or if there is suspicion of a broken bone.
2. Knee osteoarthritisDegeneration of the cartilage of the knee joint can result in an overproduction of joint fluid, causing the knee to swell. A swollen knee due to knee osteoarthritis is typically accompanied by pain.
In fact, evidence suggests people who have severe knee pain from osteoarthritis are more likely to experience knee swelling. One study2 found that:
People should seek medical attention immediately if they think their symptoms may be caused by septic bursitis.
See Gout Treatment
Apply Cold And Compression
Another RICE step that can help reduce fluid in your knee is applying cold compression. With this method, you can use ice cubes, a cold pack stored in the freezer, or a cold washcloth.
When using Ice, its not advisable to put it directly on the skin. Instead, put them in a towel or wrap them in a washcloth before placing them on your knee.
Depending on the method you use, you should apply the cold compression for 15 to 20 minutes every 2 to 4 hours. If you are wrapping your knee with a cold elastic bandage, be sure to loosen it to allow blood flow to the knee and the lower leg. If you notice numbness, warmth, or a tingling feeling, remove the bandage immediately.
Apply the cold compression for 15 to 20 minutes every 2 to 4 hours. Dont do it after three days of no improvement.
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Water On The Knee Prevention
So we have all heard of the term Water on the Knee but lets find out what this benign term actually means
To facilitate movement of the joint and reduce friction between the cartilages, the body produces a viscous fluid called synovia. Synovial fluid is found inside the cavities of the joint and its presence is a sign of healthy joint function. Specific medical conditions such as arthritis, bursitis, tendonitis, or injury to the meniscus, can all lead to the rapid accumulation of synovial fluid in and around the joint. When an excess of synovial fluid builds up past a certain point, it will begin to adversely affect the health of the joint and cause it to swell disproportionately. This excess swelling, or fluid effusion, is colloquially known as water on the knee.
Causes Of Swollen Knee
If your pain and swelling have come on suddenly, it may be due to an injury from playing sport or after an accident or fall. Common injuries include:
- A fracture
- Taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs eg ibuprofen to relieve your pain
Chronic swelling, often with night-time pain, could be due to an underlying disease. These conditions, such as arthritis, are more likely as you age.
If you have arthritis, you will have chronic inflammation but you may also have symptoms of acute inflammation. There are different types of arthritis, which can all cause a swollen knee. These include:
- Gout caused by too much uric acid in your blood
- Infectious arthritis caused by an infection of a joint that leads to swelling
- Juvenile arthritis occurs in people aged up to 16 years
- Osteoarthritis the most common form of arthritis caused by break-down of cartilage in the joints
- Reactive arthritis usually occurs after an infection of your genitals or urinary tract and becomes chronic this is not common
- Rheumatoid arthritis your immune system mistakenly attacks your joints
If your doctor thinks your swollen knee could be caused by arthritis, they will ask you about any other symptoms and your medical history. They may refer you for further investigations, such as blood tests or an X-ray.
Treatments for arthritis vary depending on the type you have. They include:
- Lifestyle changes eg exercise
- Self-help devices eg easy-grip utensils, jar openers and reachers
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How Can Baker’s Cysts Be Prevented
Knee joints are susceptible to injury during sporting activities. Preventing knee injuries from occurring can reduce the risk of a Baker’s cyst developing in the first place or coming back.
Things you can do to prevent knee injuries include:
- warming up and cooling down before and after exercising or playing sports
- wearing supportive footwear
- trying to turn on the balls of your feet, rather than through your knees.
If you injure your knee, stop your activity immediately, apply ice packs to treat the swelling and seek medical advice.
What Are Possible Complications Of A Baker’s Cyst
The symptoms of a Bakers cyst are mild usually, however sometimes complications can develop, such as:
- the cyst continues to grow, causing your symptoms to worsen
- the cyst extends down into your calf muscles
- the cyst bursts, leaking fluid into the calf region, typically causing increased pain and bruising around the ankle.
If you experience any swelling or warmth in your calf, seek medical advice quickly.
It can be difficult to tell the difference between the complications of Bakers cyst and more serious problems such as a blood clot in the vein. So its better to be safe and get it checked out.
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Lifestyle And Home Remedies
Taking care of yourself when you have a swollen knee includes:
- Rest. Avoid weight-bearing activities as much as possible.
- Ice and elevation. To control pain and swelling, apply ice to your knee for 15 to 20 minutes every two to four hours. When you ice your knee, raise your knee higher than the level of your heart, using pillows for comfort.
- Pain relievers. Over-the-counter medicines such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help reduce your knee pain.
How Serious Is A Baker’s Cyst
Baker’s cysts are fluid-filled sacs caused by excess knee-joint fluid.
This common condition occurs when excess fluid produced by the lining of the knee joint pushes through the back part of the joint capsule , forms a cyst and protrudes into the back area of the knee, known as the popliteal fossa. A Baker’s cyst may also be referred to as a “popliteal cyst.”
Complications Of An Infused Knee
An infused knee can lead to other health concerns if left untreated. This includes loss of muscle in the affected leg. Persistent swelling may leave you using your knee less and losing muscle mass in that leg. Or you may develop a Baker’s cyst, which is a sac filled with fluid that forms behind your knee.â
Diseases or health conditions that may make your swelling worse include:
Getting A Diagnosis For Swollen Knee
Chronic swelling can cause permanent damage to the joint tissue, cartilage and bone. It is therefore important to ask your doctor for advice if your swelling doesnt go down.
They’ll discuss your symptoms and carry out a physical examination.
They may arrange for you to have some tests. These may include an:
They may also arrange for you to have joint aspiration. This is when a fine needle is inserted into the swollen area to check for blood, bacteria or crystals
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That Being Said You Can Basically Group Effusions Into 2 Kinds:
Small and large.
According to a study, small joint effusions dont show any symptoms, can happen to anyone, and typically resolve on their own.
Large effusions, on the other hand, are what you have to watch out for because theyre clear giveaways that something is wrong, which brings us to the next part of our discussion.
Can I Prevent Fluid Around My Knee
Injuries and auto-immune diseases are unavoidable. But you can do a few things that lower your chances of having knee problems in the future.
For one, maintain a healthy weight. Less weight on your joint means less wear and tear and less chance of overuse injuries.
Focus on keeping the muscles surrounding your knee strong. Exercises that work quads, hamstrings, and calves will stabilize the joint and keep it in line.
Protect your knees with knee pads if you are in any activities that could injure your knees. You can even wear knee pads when you’re gardening or working on your floor.
Take time to stretch every day. Tight muscles surrounding your knees can cause your knees to ache and swell.
If you think you’ve injured your knee, seek a doctor. Do not hesitate to seek medical attention to prevent further injury. Even if you just strained your knee, then you’ll know to not push yourself through the pain, which could cause further damage.
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Otc Pain Relievers Nsaids And Topical Salicylates
Over-the-counter medications are also options. You can buy them virtually anywhere without needing a doctors prescription and come in various brands and types.
Per MedlinePlus, there are 2 main types of oral OTC pain relievers you can buy:
- Acetaminophen , and
Acetaminophen has no anti-inflammatory properties but it does help you manage the pain. Popular examples include Tylenol and Panadol.
NSAIDs, on the other hand, have anti-inflammatory properties as well as pain-relieving properties. Examples include Advil, Aleve, Celebrex, and several others.
Apart from oral medication, you could also get topical salicylates.
Topical salicylates are technically still considered NSAIDs, so they can also help reduce pain and swelling.
For those of you whose stomachs dont react well to oral NSAIDs, these topical alternatives may be the better option.
However, Harvard says that topical NSAIDs arent as effective as their oral counterparts because your body absorbs less of the medicine. So, you might not feel the same exact relief. Also, dont apply these on wounds or rashes.
Surgical And Other Procedures
Treating the underlying cause of a swollen knee might require:
- Arthrocentesis. Removing fluid from the knee can help relieve pressure on the joint. After aspirating joint fluid, your doctor might inject a corticosteroid into the joint to treat inflammation.
- Arthroscopy. A lighted tube is inserted through a small incision into your knee joint. Tools attached to the arthroscope can remove loose tissue or repair damage in your knee.
- Joint replacement. If bearing weight on your knee joint becomes intolerable, you might need knee replacement surgery.
Your doctor might also recommend physical therapy to improve your knee’s function and strength.
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Fluid On The Knee Treatment
Treatment for this kind of condition includes medications and surgical procedures.
If a surgical operation is suggested then your doctor may aspirate the fluid on the knee and inject a corticosteroid into the knee joint to treat the swelling and inflammation.
Unfortunately the above mentioned treatments may not always be desirable or suitable for every person or additional help is required.
Complications Of A Swollen Knee
You may develop a Baker’s cyst. This is when joint fluid leaks out into the back of the knee and causes pain and swelling. Treatment usually involves compression and applying ice packs. However, if your swelling is severe, you may need to have the fluid removed using a fine needle.
You may lose muscle mass, especially in your thigh muscles. This is because fluid in your swollen knee can prevent your thigh muscles from working properly over time this causes them to weaken and deteriorate.
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Other Injuries And Conditions
Because the knee is the largest joint in your body, it is prone to injury and strain. If you fall or bump your knee, you may experience pain from bruising. If youve fractured any of the three bones in your knee, you may experience weakness, sharp pain, or deep throbbing sensations.
Rheumatoid arthritis can present similar symptoms to osteoarthritis, but this autoimmune condition may require different treatments than joint damage caused by the wear-and-tear typical of aging.
If you are experiencing knee pain that interrupts your daily life and persists after several days of rest, consider consulting with a doctor.
How Do You Treat Fluid On The Knee
The way you treat your fluid depends on your condition. If the knee is not warm to the touch or red, you can use a basic treatment at home.
Fluid on the knee home treatment begins with rest. Take time to rest your knee whenever pain and swelling appear. In particular, avoid any activities that require you to bear weight.
If the swelling and pain persist, you may need to find a new activity.
Seek out over-the-counter medication to help with your pain. Look in particular for pain relievers and anti-inflammatories specific to joint pain. If you suspect arthritis, look for arthritis-specific medication.
Elevate your leg and put some ice on the sore knee regularly. Create a routine where you ice the knee for 15 to 20 minutes at a time. Do this every two to four hours throughout the day, especially if you have sustained an injury.
Proper elevation means your knee will be higher than your heart. So stack up some pillows, break out a good book or magazine, and take care of your knee. Tools for cold therapy on the knee will make your care routine simpler.
As your swelling subsides, work on rehabilitating your knee. Focus on building the muscles around your knee to stabilize it. Low-impact exercises like swimming and water aerobics help build those muscles without putting stress on the joint.
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Acute Onset Without Injury
Rapid onset of swelling with no injury is abroad category wherein the accumulation of fluid is not due to an injury or a chronic condition, such as:
- Infection can result in joint fluid accumulation, often as a result of surgery, a knee wound, or systemic infection that spreads to the joint. Treatment can be a problem as the body has a tough time clearing infection from this space. Surgery may be required to fully clean out a .
- Gout and pseudogout involve a buildup of crystals in the knee fluid. With gout, the uric acid used to transport waste can accumulate and crystallize in various joints of the body, causing intense swelling and pain. With pseudogout, the culprit is calcium crystals.
When Should I See A Doctor
If you ask me, its always best to see a doctor or other reputable health and wellness professionals if youre experiencing anything thats out of the ordinary.
However, I also understand that hiring these wellness professionals is expensive. I dont even follow my own advice because of financial constraints if Im being honest.
So, below is a list of what research considers red flags. If you experience any of them, be sure to get your symptoms reviewed by medically trained folk you trust.
- Losing pulse below your knee
- Partially or fully losing sensation below the knee
- Losing the ability to bear weight on your lef
To add, you should also seek your physicians help if neither of the home remedies and OTC meds works.
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