Is It Possible For Osteoarthritis Patients To Regenerate Cartilage
Osteoarthritis is a chronic disease that currently has no cure, and there is currently no FDA-approved injection, treatment, or surgery that can effectively replace the broken-down cartilage in the joints of osteoarthritis patients. However, we are hopeful that modern regenerative medical practices will procure an effective way to treat and cure arthritis.
Until that time, there are treatments that directly address the pain felt by cartilage loss due to osteoarthritis. Doctors found that viscosupplementation, or gel knee shots, eases the knee pain of osteoarthritis by serving as the lubricant between the cartilage.
Viscosupplementation Helps with Osteoarthritis Pain
Our bodies produce a thick, gel-like substance called synovial fluid that keeps our joints lubricated and properly functioning. Synovial fluid contains a substance called hyaluronan that increases the viscosity and lubricating properties of the fluid. It works in conjunction with cartilage to ensure your joints function smoothly, as it seeps into microcavities and nonconformities in your cartilage to reduce the friction and pain of grinding joints. However, as cartilage deteriorates, so does synovial fluid.
Thats why our doctors at Arthritis Relief Centers employ viscosupplementation to mitigate the pain associated with osteoarthritis. Although there is no treatment to effectively regenerate lost cartilage, doctors can renew the synovial fluid essential for smooth joints with this FDA-Approved treatment.
Eat Fruits Nuts And Dairy
Fisher-Titus Medical Center also recommends that your knee cartilage repair food plan includes creamy avocados. These tasty fruits are loaded with essential fatty acids and antioxidant-rich oils, both of which help combat joint inflammation and facilitate cartilage repair. Osteoarthritis patients might find this versatile fruit especially helpful.
Beneficial fruits also include grapefruit, which is rich in bioflavonoids and vitamin C. These nutrients team up to strengthen cartilage and fight inflammation. Choose red grapefruit as it contains more antioxidants compared to the yellow variety. These refreshing fruits are also foods good for the joints and cartilage.
Compact little berries pack a big antioxidant punch too. Raspberries, cherries and elderberries contain anthocyanins that help knock down various chemicals associated with inflammation. If you suffer from gout, consider noshing on black cherries, which may help prevent that painful condition.
Add more anti-inflammatory foods, such as extra-virgin olive oil and walnuts, to your meal plan. Brazil nuts are packed with selenium, a mineral that may improve the quality of cartilage protein. Yogurt and kefir are rich in probiotics that may help relieve rheumatoid arthritis joint inflammation.
Direct Trauma To Joints
Some people start having cartilage complications when theyre involved in some sort of activity that exposed their joints to heavy impact.
Classic examples are automobile accidents and/or a bad fall such as in contact sports.;
Unlike joint disease where the cartilage is literally eaten away, trauma can causetearing of the cartilage or just a displacement of articular cartilage from its usual location.;
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Less Common Surgical Procedures
There are also a number of alternative surgical techniques sometimes used to treat cartilage damage, including:
- allograft osteochondral transplantation ;similar to mosaicplasty, but the replacement cartilage is;obtained from a recently deceased donor, and is used to repair larger damaged areas
- autologous chondrocyte implantation ;;the surgeon first takes a small sample of cartilage cells from the joint; these are then used to grow more cells in a laboratory and the new cells are used to replace the damaged cartilage
- artificial scaffolds ;a special patch or gel is used to repair the damaged cartilage; it may be used in combination with;marrow stimulation or on its own
These procedures are only carried out in a few hospitals in the UK;and are not routinely provided on the NHS.;You may be able to pay for them privately, but they;can be very expensive.
For more information about autologous chondrocyte implantation see:
What Is Cartilage And Why Is It Relevant To Osteoarthritis
Cartilage, the smooth, rubber-like tissue found in crucial places throughout our body, cushions our bones from rubbing up against one another. This special tissue, which doesnt contain any nerves or blood vessels, helps our bones glide smoothly, hence why its absolutely crucial for our joints.
But while our bodies contain cartilage in many places, not all cartilage is created equal. For instance, the cartilage found in your ear and nose isnt the same as the cartilage in your knee joint. Not only do they have different purposes, the cartilage in your ear is much more flexible and elastic, while joint cartilage, also called hyaline or articular cartilage, is much more rigid. When that knee joint cartilage breaks down, it causes pain, swelling, and reduced range of motion, which ultimately results in osteoarthritis something you wont experience in your nose or ears.
Osteoarthritis has historically been referred to as wear-and-tear arthritis, as many believed it was caused by the slow weathering down of cartilage over time. However, doctors now understand that osteoarthritis is caused by many factors, including genetics, injury, weight, and overuse.
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Collagen For Knee Cartilage Healing
Do collagen supplements work to rebuild knee cartilage? The answer in short is, yes. Collagen is primarily found in various types of connective tissues around your knees such as cartilage, ligaments, tendons and bones. Collagen is one of the most important components which can contribute to cartilage repair and collagen can also stimulate cartilage regrowth. Collagen plays a vital role;in supporting the growth and repair cartilage tissue over time as well as relieve joint inflammation and joint pain. Research has shown that Type 2 collagen is commonly found in knee joints, which are doing weight-bearing for your body but suffered from wear-and-tear during exercise.
Other Preventative Measures To Protect Your Knee Cartilage Are Also Vital
Unfortunately, no matter walking or exercising, this will put wear and tear on knee cartilage. Your cartilage will lose cartilage cells and collagen matrix due to wear and tear. Although taking collagen supplements can help to strengthen and protect your knee cartilage, the ability for your body to repair or regrow cartilage declines as you age and cartilage loss is eventually inevitable. How can you protect your knee cartilage if cartilage loss is inevitable? Whether you have to accept declining joint health? The answer is definitely not! Physical therapy or wearing knee pads can be alternative solutions to help you to reduce knee pressure. Hence it will be less wear and tear that your knee cartilage will suffer. The newly invented spring-loaded knee joint support pads can help you to reduce the pressure on your knees effectively.
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Knee Cartilage Repair Surgery: Treatment & Recovery Time
A meniscus tear is a typical injury to the cartilage that supports and cushions the knee joint. The type of the tear camera.gif can determine whether your tear can be repaired. Radial tears sometimes can be repaired, depending on where they lie. Horizontal, flap, long-standing, and degenerative tears-those dued to years of wear and tear-generally can not be repaired.
Diagnosis Of Torn Knee Cartilage
Diagnosis of torn knee cartilage is based on the history of the person, background and the activities that were being performed in recent past. In case of injuries, X-rays may be taken to rule out any trauma to the bone or any other abnormality, but these do not help to identify a torn knee cartilage. MRI is required to detect bone and soft tissue injuries like cartilage or meniscal tears.
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How Do You Rebuild Cartilage In The Knee
For the proper formation and renewal of knee cartilage, eating foods rich in vitamins is an essential rule since the largest part of it eventually becomes rigid, so its a must to consume as many vitamins to prolong its life and resilience. Foods rich in vitamin A stimulate cartilage regeneration on the hip and knee.
Physical Steps To Restore Joint Cartilage
First and foremost, its important to limit high-impact damage to joint cartilage.
Activities like jogging, jumping from high objects, and impact sports may be fine for younger people, since joint cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and other structures are more flexible and forgiving. But as we get older, the pounding places undue stress and damage on joint cartilage. Thats why you would be hard-pressed these days to find an older professional football player who doesnt have severe joint problems and/or a joint replacement.
Additionally, obesity places constant and unnecessary stress on the joints, which is increased even more when walking or doing upright activities. Losing even a few pounds of excess weight can make a profound difference in both joint pain and long-term joint health.
Likewise, its important to move every joint in the body through its complete range of motion every day. Since cartilage doesnt have a blood supply like other living tissues, it must receive its nutrients and remove any waste material by way of the synovial fluid within the joint capsule. Range-of-motion exercises help ensure this synovial exchange of fluid occurs regularly over the entire joint surface.
Regular exercise is essential for joint health too. Exercises that dont unduly compress joint cartilage can help preserve joint mobility and stability, and overall circulation. Exercise also helps decrease stress hormones and inflammation throughout the body.
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Natural Way To Rebuild Cartilage In Knees
Cartilage is the cushion in the joints which protect friction of two bones. Cartilages are made of collagen material and non collagenous proteins. Besides providing cushioning, cartilage allows smooth movement of the joint due to its lubricating effect; it also absorbs the routine strain and stress to the joint. Primarily cartilage is composed of water and as the age grows the cartilage dries up resulting in painful stiff joint which restricts your movement. This condition in medical terms is called osteoarthritis.
Damage to the cartilage can be due to many conditions; generally the knee cartilage is most likely to bear the brunt to injuries although any cartilage of the body joint can be affected.
How To Rebuild Knee Cartilage Naturally
As discussed previously, researchers used to believe that articular cartilage could not regenerate on its own because it had no blood supply, which of course is the;primary pathway of nutrient delivery to tissues.;
However,studies have shown that there is some evidence that articular cartilage can be stimulated to grow naturally.
We always recommend a preventive approach to wellness, so here are a few tips to help rebuild your cartilage naturally:
- Eat foods that are rich in nutrients such as vitamin C to help synthesize more collagen in your body. ;
- Eat brown rice and other sources of hyaluronic acid to ensure your joints are well lubricated and that your joint cartilage is not wearing out.
- Maintain healthy exercise habits to keep your joints in shape and to prevent atrophy of the articular cartilage.;
- Make it a habit to include herbal supplements in your diet like these that have beneficial properties for preventing and alleviating joint deterioration.;
Studies have also shown that certain traditional plants have the ability to increase the synthesis of collagen, which then boosts the activity of chondrocytes in forming more cartilage. Such plants include Pleurostyia capensis, Pterocarpus angolensis, and Eucomis autumnalis.
We hope this helps you learn how to increase cartilage in your joints naturally so you can avoid the pain and suffering associated with joint deterioration.;
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Mayo Clinic Q And A: New Technique For Repairing Knee Cartilage Damage
DEAR MAYO CLINIC: I’m interested in the new procedure approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration that can repair cartilage in the knee. How does it work? Who’s a good candidate for this procedure?
ANSWER: The new technique is called matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte implantation, or MACI. It can be effective for repairing isolated cartilage damage in the knee, but it’s not useful for people whose knee cartilage is diffusely damaged due to arthritis.
Your knee has two kinds of cartilage: the articular cartilage and the meniscus. Matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte implantation is used to repair articular cartilage damage, which can come from an isolated injury or defect, or as a result of arthritis.
Of these two problems, isolated injuries and defects are much less common than arthritis. They usually happen due to an athletic injury or another medical condition, such as osteochondritis dissecans. Both isolated cartilage defects and arthritis have similar symptoms, including knee pain, swelling and loss of motion.
With matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte implantation, the new cells are grown on a membrane scaffold in the lab. That’s different than the cartilage repair techniques previously used. In the older approaches, cartilage cells were grown in a lab and implanted into the knee under a patch created from a membrane taken off the outer surface of a bone, called the periosteum, or implanted under a membrane made of collagen.
Stem Cells And Tissue Engineering
Current research focuses on new ways to make the body grow healthy cartilage tissue. This is called tissue engineering. Growth factors that stimulate new tissue may be isolated and used to induce new cartilage formation.
The use of mesenchymal stem cells is also being investigated. Mesenchymal stem cells are basic human cells obtained from living human tissue, such as bone marrow. When stem cells are placed in a specific environment, they can give rise to cells that are similar to the host tissue.
The hope is that stem cells placed near a damaged joint surface will stimulate hyaline cartilage growth.
Tissue engineering procedures are still at an experimental stage. Most tissue engineering is performed at research centers as part of clinical trials.
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Are There Any Natural Way To Rebuild Cartilage In Knees
In conditions which are not chronic such as injuries to the joints, the torn or damaged cartilage may heal of its own, if you give proper rest to the joint involved.
There are some supplements claimed to be beneficial in rebuilding cartilage in the joints especially the knee joint, it is glucosamine which people claim to have benefitted many individuals suffering from arthritis, although clinical trials are still to ascertain it. Medical scientists are still conducting researches to find the way for rebuilding the cartilage in a natural form. Even scientists are experimenting to rebuild the cartilage from the stem cells but they are also in their primary stage and will take some years to develop it for medical use. In this sense it is necessary to prevent cartilage damage in first place, if you exercise your leg muscles it will help to protect the knees and refrain the knee cartilage from getting damaged. While exercising you start it gradually. Use protective gear when you play sports.
Growing Cartilage In The Lab
There are surgical procedures that use cartilage cells that have been harvested from a patient, cloned and reproduced in a lab, and then reinserted into the patient. However, these cartilage cells can only be inserted into relatively small voids in the cartilage, not to “resurface” a worn out, arthritic joint.
There are possible solutions for patients with a;limited area of cartilage damage, but this is not an arthritis treatment. These cartilage replacement techniques are for patients with limited areas of cartilage damage, often caused by sports or traumatic injuries.
For replacement to succeed, areas of cartilage damage have to be smallnot the widespread damage seen in arthritis.
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Perform Low Impact Exercise
Exercise, and leading an active lifestyle, can help you improve your overall health, while at the same time aid you in maintaining a healthy knee cartridge. It does not necessarily mean that you should go to the gym to exercise. You can do this by simply taking walks every day, which can help flex your ligaments so that they remain in good health.
Why It Is Done
How your doctor treats a meniscus tear camera.gif depends upon the size and place of the tear, your age, your health and activity level, and when the injury happened. Treatment options consist of nonsurgical treatment with rest, ice, compression, elevation, and physical treatment; surgical repair service; surgical removal of the torn section ; and surgical elimination of the entire meniscus . In general,;knee cartilage;repair work is favored over partial or overall meniscectomy. If the meniscus can be repaired effectively, saving the injured meniscus by doing a meniscal repair-rather than partial or total removal-reduces the event of knee-joint degeneration.
Small tears found at the outer edge of the meniscus frequently recover by themselves. Bigger tears situated toward the center of the meniscus might not heal well, because blood supply to that area is poor. In a young adult, surgery to fix the tear might be the first choice, since it might recover function.
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Problems With Replacing Worn Cartilage
Unfortunately, a cartilage replacement procedure is not as simple a task as we would hope. Cartilage cells can be cloned and reproduced in a lab. The real problem comes up when we want to place those cells in a particular location;and get them to function effectively in that area. Cartilage is a complex tissue; in order for cartilage to function, it must be able to withstand tremendous forces. Simply injecting cartilage into a joint would serve no useful purpose, those cells would be destroyed in a short time.
The problem is that no one has been able to figure out a way for the body to accept new cartilage and allow the cartilage to adhere to the surface of the joint. Once on the joint surface, the cartilage must be able to support the weight of the body and glide smoothly to allow normal movements. Many scientists are working on ways to accomplish these goals, but there is no solution right now.