Should I See A Doctor About My Leg Eczema
If youre not prone to skin conditions, consider seeing your doctor about any rashes or changes you experience.
If you know you have allergies or are prone to eczema flare-ups, then you can probably get away with not seeing the doc about your leg rash unless its particularly bad.
Eczema doesnt currently have a cure, so theres no magic pill a doctor can prescribe to make it go away. But they can give you some great advice for managing symptoms and prescribe stronger creams or antibiotics when necessary.
My Tips To Manage Flares
These are a few top tips that I do which may help anyone else going through the same thing:
- Wear shorts – In this humid weather, the last thing you want to be wearing is tight heavy jeans or trousers. Letting your skin breathe is important to avoid getting overheated.
- Creaming up – Keeping the skin moisturized so it doesnt dry up and get very itchy is something that helps.
- Sleep in the fewest layers possible – I sleep in only a pair of boxer shorts, and it helps me to keep cool. I also use an old t-shirt to wrap around my knees if/when they start sweating.
- Keep well hydrated – Keep a bottle of ice-cold water beside your bed. Its really important to keep your body hydrated.
- Buy a good fan – If you can, invest in a decent fan or cooling system. This will help keep your bedroom cool and enable you to regulate your body temperature.
- Taking antihistamines – I take Loratadine during the day and in the evenings, just before bed, I take Chlorphenamine. This helps me to drift off to sleep.
- Hope for the best!
How Can I Help My Child Live With Atopic Dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis has no cure. But it will usually get better or go away as your child gets older. There may be times when your child has few or no symptoms. And he or she may have times when symptoms get worse. This is called a flare-up. To help prevent flare-ups, make sure your child:
Stays away from triggers. Common triggers include irritants such as wool, soap, or chemicals. Other triggers include allergens such as eggs, dust mites, or pet dander. Stress is also a trigger.
Doesnt scratch the skin. Try to keep your child from scratching. It can cause symptoms to get worse. It can also cause infection.
Always has short fingernails. Trim or file your childs nails to keep them short and prevent scratching.
Takes baths or showers with warm, not hot, water. Air dry or gently dry the skin afterward.
Uses moisturizers. Put creams or ointments on after bathing.
Wears soft clothing. Dont dress your child in wool or other rough fabric.
Keeps cool. Try to keep your child as cool as possible. Getting hot and sweating can make him or her more uncomfortable.
Doesnt get the smallpox vaccine. Its not a common vaccine, but people with atopic dermatitis should not get the smallpox vaccine.
Talk with your child’s healthcare provider about other ways to help your childs skin condition.
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Natural Remedies For Dark Knees
If you prefer the DIY way, several home remedies might help improve the tone and texture of your dark knees over time. The most common are:
Aloe vera. This plant has soothing and calming properties that help ease discomfort from irritation and sunburn. One study found that aloe vera may also help reduce the natural skin darkening that comes with sun exposure.
Turmeric. This versatile spice gets its yellow pigment from a chemical compound called curcumin. Many people have traditionally used this herbal ingredient to even out their skin tone and reduce excessive pigmentation.
Green tea. The leaves in green tea have a chemical compound called epigallocatechin gallate. It might be another skin-lightening agent, as it blocks the enzymes that help make melanin.
Keep in mind that theres little to no scientific proof that homemade skin-lightening remedies work. If youre worried about harm and irritation to your skin, talk to a doctor before trying natural ingredients.
What Are Some Of The Alternate Terms People With Eczema Sometimes Use To Describe Their Skin Condition
There are many subcategories of eczema within the general descriptions like atopic dermatitis, each of which may include specific triggers and sytmptoms specific to individual body parts. For instance, eczema may appear one way on your ears or face, whereas it could appear differently on your hands and feet. The skin disease appears and evolves differently for everyone.
The phrase discoid eczema is sometimes used interchangeably with nummular eczema or discoid dermatitis. General treatment and management recommendations for discoid eczema or nummular eczema are available here. Recommendations for experts in discoid eczema and other forms of severe eczema are available via the National Eczema Association Eczema Provider Finder. Severe eczema comes with additional complications beyond itchy skin and rashes and can lead to hospitalization if left untreated. People with severe eczema are also at higher risk for food allergy and asthma, a triangulation of conditions that commonly co-occur known as the Atopic March. Topical cortiocosteroids, if prescribed by your healthcare provider, should be sparingly for this skin disease to avoid potential complications with topical steroid withdrawal.
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Frequently Asked Questions About Eczema
As you might have already guessed, eczema is a nuanced condition which impacts millions of people worldwide. Theres a lot of information out there about this conditionincluding the resources on this very websitebut here are the answers to the most commonly asked questions about this skin condition.
What Happens During A Skin Biopsy Test
During a skin biopsy test, a specialist skin doctor called a dermatologist will take a small sample of skin from an area without the rash. Samples of skin taken from the area with the rash don’t always give an accurate result.
The skin sample is then tested. If you test positive for DH you’ll be referred to a specialist gut doctor called a gastroenterologist to be tested for coeliac disease.
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What Should I Do If My Babys Eczema Gets Worse
If your baby has wet, weepy skin and their eczema is not getting better with steroids, their skin may be infected and they may need antibiotics. If your babys eczema flare does not get better with the standard treatments recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence , your GP should refer them to a dermatology specialist. If they suspect an allergy, they should refer them to an allergist or joint dermatologyallergy clinic.
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Signs Of An Infection
Occasionally, areas of skin affected by atopic eczema can become infected. Signs of an infection can include:
- your eczema getting a lot worse
- fluid oozing from the skin
- a yellow crust on the skin surface or small yellowish-white spots appearing in the eczema
- the skin becoming swollen and sore
- feeling hot and shivery and generally feeling unwell
See a doctor as soon as possible if you think your or your child’s skin may have become infected.
Page last reviewed: 05 December 2019 Next review due: 05 December 2022
Helping Your Child Feel Better
If your child has eczema, keep their fingernails short and their skin moisturized. Dress them in loose-fitting clothes and make sure they dont get overheated. Depending on how severe their eczema is, your doctor may recommend wet wraps, a diluted bleach bath, over-the-counter or prescription medications, and/or light therapy to help.
What To Do If Eczema Gets Infected
These are pictures of infected eczema.
Go to the doctor is any of these things happen:
- areas of skin start swelling and become more painful
- the infected eczema is bigger than a 10 cent coin
- small red spots appear around eczema.
Your child may need special cream, such as steroid cream, blood tests and antibiotics, if their eczema gets infected.
It is important for your child to take the antibiotics every day until they are finished, even if the infected eczema seems to have cleared up. The antibiotics need to keep killing the infection in the body after the skin has healed.
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How To Prevent Dark Knees
The best way to treat dark knees is to prevent them. Be sure to:
- Wear broad-spectrum sunscreen of SPF 50 or higher
- Avoid sun exposure
- Keep your skin moisturized
If you notice unusual melanin in other parts of your body, talk with your doctor right away. Unexpected skin darkening might be a sign of endocrine-related conditions like Addisons disease.
Affiliated Dermatology: Skin Discoloration & Hyperpigmentation.
American Osteopathic College of Dermatology: Hydroquinone.Steroids .
National Center for Biotechnology Information: Anti-melanogenic effects of black, green, and white tea extracts on immortalized melanocytes.Are Natural Ingredients Effective in the Management of Hyperpigmentation? A Systematic ReviewBiochemistry, Melanin.Curcumin inhibits melanogenesis in human melanocytes.Postinflammatory Hyperpigmentation.Topical Vitamin C and the Skin: Mechanisms of Action and Clinical Applications.
National Library of Medicine: Hydrogen peroxide.
National Organization of Rare Disorders: Addisonâs Disease.
Oregon State University: Vitamin A and Skin Health.
Pan American Health Organization: Mercury added in skin-lightening products: Toxicological note.â
U.S. Food & Drug Administration: Alpha Hydroxy Acids.
Wiley Online Library: Aloesin inhibits hyperpigmentation induced by UV radiation.
How Can Parents Help
Help prevent or treat eczema by keeping your child’s skin from getting dry or itchy and avoiding triggers that cause flare-ups. Try these suggestions:
- Kids should take short baths or showers in warm water. Use mild unscented soaps or non-soap cleansers and pat the skin dry before putting on cream or ointment. Teens should use unscented makeup and oil-free facial moisturizers.
- Ask your doctor if it’s OK to use oatmeal soaking products in the bath to help control itching.
- Kids should wear soft clothes that “breathe,” such as those made from cotton. Wool or polyester may be too harsh or irritating.
- Keep your child’s fingernails short to prevent skin damage from scratching. Try having your child wear comfortable, light gloves to bed if scratching at night is a problem.
- Kids should avoid becoming overheated, which can lead to flare-ups.
- Kids should drink plenty of water, which adds moisture to the skin.
- Get rid of known allergens in your household and help your child avoid others, like pollen, mold, and tobacco smoke.
- Stress can make eczema worse. Help your child find ways to deal with stress .
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Nummular Dermatitis Or Discoid Eczema
Discoid eczema usually appears as a disc-like plaque on the back side of one leg and can later appear on the other leg, arms and trunk. The cause is not known, but it can be triggered by an insect bite, cut, surgical wound or skin burn. Dry and wet form exist. It is more common in the winter, and it may come and go without apparent reason. It can be treated with moisturizing creams, steroids and other drugs .
Is There A Cure For Eczema
There is no cure for eczema, but there are treatments. Every treatment plan should be tailored to your individual eczema symptoms. Depending on your age and the severity of your eczema, these treatments might include: medical grade moisturizing creams, prescription topical medications including topical corticosteroids, over-the-counter home remedies, phototherapy , immunosuppressants and injectable biologics.
Many people with eczema also find success with specific natural and alternative treatments, including bleach baths, cryotherapy, medical-grade honey, meditation and acupuncture. With these natural and alternative treatments, you want to be careful and also consult a healthcare professional before starting. Some natural treatments, like meditation, work amazingly with over-the-counter or prescription medications or ointments.
For most types of eczema, managing flares comes down to these basics:
- Know your triggers so that you can avoid exposure
- Implement a daily bathing and moisturizing routine
- Use OTC creams and prescription medication consistently and as prescribed.
Symptoms may be different from one child to the next. More often than not, eczema goes away as a child grows older, though some children will continue to experience eczema into adulthood. Adults can develop eczema, too, even if they never had it as a child. Read more for additional information about managing itch.
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What Is Itchy Skin
Itchy skin, also known as pruritis, is a common irritation of the skin that makes you want to scratch the itchy area. It can occur anywhere on the body and can be very frustrating and uncomfortable.
Itching may occur on a small part of the body, for example around the area of an insect bite, or it can affect the whole body such as an allergic reaction.
Itchy skin is usually not serious. But sometimes it can be caused by a serious medical condition.
What If Scratching Has Caused A Wound
If scratching due to neurodermitis has caused a wound, the doctor may wrap a dressing over the area.
Another potential treatment is negative-pressure wound therapy, which involves vacuuming fluid out of the wound and increasing blood flow there.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy confines the patient in an oxygen chamber to inhale pure oxygen, which enhances the bodys ability to heal itself. Surgery on the wound is another option.
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What Causes Discoid Eczema
The cause of discoid eczema is unknown, although it is often accompanied by dry skin and is thought to be triggered by irritation of the skin.
Discoid eczema tends to affect adults and is rare in children. It is more common among men aged from 50 to 70 and women in their teens or twenties.
Some people with discoid eczema may also have other types of eczema, such as atopic eczema.
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When Should I See My Doctor
See your doctor if you are very itchy and there is no rash. It is very important to let them know about the medications/supplements, drugs or herbal medicines you may have taken.
- the lips or tongue are swollen
- you or your child have trouble breathing
- you are unwell or have a fever
- the symptoms keep coming back
- the itching is so bad you cannot sleep
- the rash is bleeding, scabs or has pus
- you develop severe itching while you are pregnant
It is always a good idea to see a doctor if your baby develops a rash.
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Identify Your Babys Triggers
One of the most important things you can do for your babys eczema is to look for things in your environment that seem to trigger your babys flare-ups or make them worse. Products in your home could be causing or contributing to the problem.
In babies, the most common triggers are things that touch their skin. Rarely, environmental allergens like mold or pollen might be a trigger. Other known triggers that are rare in babies are infections and stress. Common triggers for babies are:
- harsh soaps and detergents
- rough or nonbreathable clothing fabrics
If your baby is having a particularly severe eczema flare-up, ask your pediatrician about doing a wet dressing, or wet wrap therapy. This treatment is sometimes used with prescription steroid cream under close medical supervision.
The wrap helps ensure that topical treatments stay moist and get better absorbed into the skin.
How to apply a wet dressing:
You can continue applying the wet dressing for 24 to 72 hours or overnight. Continue for a maximum of one week.
Before using wet wrap therapy, always discuss it with your pediatrician.
Triggers Of Eczema Flare
- Soaps. Never use bubble bath. It can cause a major flare-up.
- Pollens. Keep your child from lying on the grass during grass pollen season.
- Animals. Avoid any animals that make the rash worse.
- Foods. If certain foods cause severe itching , avoid them.
- Wool. Avoid wool fibers and clothes made of other scratchy, rough materials.
- Dry Air. Use a humidifier if the air in your home is dry.
- Herpes Virus Infection . Keep your child away from anyone with fever blisters . The herpes virus can cause a serious skin infection in children with eczema.
- Eczema is not caused by laundry soap you use to wash clothing.
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Diet Before And During Diagnosis
To ensure an accurate skin test is taken first time, it’s important to keep eating foods with gluten before and during diagnosis.
If you’ve already removed gluten from your diet, you must reintroduce it in more than one meal every day. You should do this for at least 6 weeks before having the tests.
What Cures Eczema Fast
Unfortunately there is no quick cure for eczema. In fact, there is no known cure for this condition! Luckily there are some treatment options which can help you manage symptoms and some might be able to minimize symptoms quickly. To find the best treatment for you, talk with a dermatologist or qualified medical professional.
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Use A Moisturizer On Your Skin Every Day
Moisturizers help keep your skin soft and flexible. They prevent skin cracks. A plain moisturizer is best. Avoid moisturizers with fragrances and a lot of extra ingredients. A good, cheap moisturizer is plain petroleum jelly . Use moisturizers that are more greasy than creamy because creams usually have more preservatives in them.
Regular use of a moisturizer can help prevent the dry skin that is common in winter.
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