Lower Leg Pain Caused By Veins And Nerve Issues
1. Blood Clot
When blood thickens in veins, it can develop a clot. This typically happens in the thigh or lower leg, commonly leading to pain from knee to ankle. There is a higher risk if you are overweight, on certain medicines, or inactive for a long car ride or flight.
2. Varicose Veins
Varicose veins are caused by weakness in the vein walls or valves and can lead to a dull ache, particularly after standing.
3. Lower-Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disease
This occurs if your legs arteries get damaged and harden. The legs begin to miss needed blood flow, leading to pain or cramps when walking or climbing stairs.
4. Narrowed Spinal Canal and Sciatica
When the spinal canal narrows due to a herniated disc, arthritis of the spine, or another cause, it can lead to weakness, fatigue, numbness, tingling, or cramping, burning leg pain when you sit or stand. It may start in the hip and the back before extending down the leg.
5. Diabetic Neuropathy
This diabetes complication can be due to high blood sugar levels and leads to pain in both legs. It also features less sensation and numbness in lower legs.
When to See a;Doctor
You should see your doctor for pain from knee to ankle if you have the following symptoms:
How Are Knee Problems Diagnosed
In addition to a complete medical history and physical exam, other tests for knee problems may include:
X-ray. This test uses invisible electromagnetic energy beams to make images of internal tissues, bones, and organs onto film.
Magnetic resonance imaging .;This test;uses;large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer to make detailed images of organs and structures within the body; can often determine damage or disease in a surrounding ligament or muscle.
Computed tomography scan .;This test uses;X-rays and computer technology to make horizontal, or axial,;images of the body. A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than general X-rays.
Arthroscopy.;A minimally-invasive diagnostic and treatment procedure used for conditions of a joint. This procedure uses a small, lighted, optic tube , which is inserted into the joint through a small incision in the joint. Images of the inside of the joint are projected onto a screen; used to evaluate any degenerative or arthritic changes in the joint; to detect bone diseases and tumors; to determine the cause of bone pain and inflammation.
Radionuclide bone scan.;A nuclear imaging technique that uses a very small amount of radioactive material, which is injected into the patient’s bloodstream to be detected by a scanner. This test shows blood flow to the bone and cell activity within the bone.
What Else Could It Be
If you are still not sure what is causing your severe knee pain, visit the knee pain diagnosis section where we help you work out what is going on by thinking about the location of the pain .
Alternatively, in the knee symptoms guide we look at other symptoms typically linked with knee pain such as pain when running or bending, knee locking, sharp pain or pain on the stairs. And remember, if you are suffering from severe knee pain, get checked out by your doctor.
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What Causes Septic Arthritis
Different types of bacteria, viruses, and fungi can infect a joint. The types that can cause septic arthritis include:
- Staphylococci.;These are common bacteria that often cause skin infections.
- Haemophilus influenzae.These are bacteria that can infect the larynx, trachea, and bronchi.
- Gram negative bacilli.;This is a group of bacteria that includes;E. coli.
- Streptococci.;This is a group of bacteria that can lead to a wide variety of diseases.
- Gonococci.;This is the bacterium that causes gonorrhea.
- Viruses.;Viruses such as HIV can infect the joints of people of all ages.
The most common type of bacteria that causes septic arthritis is called;Staphylococcus aureus. It is also known as;S. aureus. The bacteria can enter the body in a number of ways, such as:
- A broken bone that goes through the skin
- An infection that spreads from another place on the body, such as the skin or genitals
- An infected wound
- Foreign object that goes through the skin
- Injury that breaks the skin
Key Points About Septic Arthritis
- Different types of bacteria, viruses, and fungi can infect a joint.
- Symptoms include fever, joint pain, swelling, redness, and warmth.
- Quick treatment with antibiotics is needed to halt the risk of joint damage.
- Other treatments include medicines for pain and fever, drainage of the joint, physical therapy, and a splint.
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Cracking Or Popping Sounds
When you bend or straighten your knee, you may feel a grinding sensation or hear cracking or popping sounds. Doctors call this crepitus.
These symptoms can occur when youve lost some of the cartilage that helps with smooth range of motion. Both OA and RA can result in cartilage damage.
When cartilage is damaged, rough surfaces and bone spurs develop. As you move your joints, these rub against each other.
Unexpected Reasons Why You Might Have A Fever
Feeling a little heated? There are some surprising issues that can cause your temperature to rise.
A normal body temp is typically around 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit but can vary slightly for each individual, and even fluctuate depending on the time of day.
It can be lower in the morning and higher in the late afternoon and evening, said Michael Hall, a physician based in Miami. But when your temperature gets to 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit or higher, and lasts more than a few hours, youre getting into fever territory something that can be caused by a number of conditions.
Most of my patients understand that a fever is a common symptom of cold and flu, said Christopher Dietz, an area medical director at MedExpress Urgent Care. However, what some people might not realize is that a fever isnt always just a sign that youre coming down with something.
Heres what could also be at play, according to medical experts:
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Symptoms Of Arthritis In The Knee
OA is the most common type. It is a progressive condition in which the cartilage in the knee joint gradually wears away. It usually appears after midlife.
RA is an inflammatory condition that can occur at any age. It affects the whole body and can involve other joints and additional symptoms. It is an autoimmune disease.
Arthritis can also develop after a knee injury. Post-traumatic arthritis can result from a torn meniscus, ligament injury, or knee fracture. Symptoms can appear several years later.
OA and RA can cause similar symptoms, but there are also some key differences. Learn more here about how to recognize each type.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury
The anterior cruciate ligament or ACL is among the four ligaments that unite the shin bone with the thigh bone. ACL injury can cause severe knee pain. Generally, partial or complete over-stretching of the ligament leads to the injury. Abruptly shifting direction while running, walking, or playing sports such as soccer and basketball can trigger an ACL injury. A “popping” sound can accompany the event, and the knee will usually swell over the next hours.
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Causes Of Fever & Pain In The Leg
The simultaneous occurrence of fever and leg pain often points to the presence of an infectious or autoimmune disorder.Infections of the leg skin, joints or bones frequently cause the abrupt onset of fever and pain. Gradually evolving pain with intermittent fevers provokes suspicion for a chronic condition. Accurate diagnosis of the underlying cause of fever and leg pain, along with prompt treatment, minimizes the risk for complications.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
Traveling To Another Country
Depending on the area of travel, a rise in body temperature can often be attributed to tropical bacteria and protozoa not often seen in developed countries, said Amna Husain, a board certified pediatrician and founder of Pure Direct Pediatric in New Jersey.
For this reason, I recommend travelers consult with their physicians and refer to the guidelines for safe food and water recommendations, she said.
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Knee Infection After Surgery
Knee replacement surgery is a common surgery that doesnt present complications for most people. In less than 1 percent of joint replacement surgeries, an infection occurs around the area of the artificial implant. However, as joint replacements are on the rise, so is the rate of infection.
Since artificial joints are made of metal and plastic, they dont have any sort of immune capability to fight off harmful bacteria. Artificial joints can become infected at the time of your surgery, or even years after your surgery.
Surgeries performed to repair torn cartilage or tendons can also introduce bacteria to the knee joint. ACL repair and meniscus repair are among the common knee surgeries that can result in an infection.
Brief Anatomy Of The Knee
The knee is a vulnerable joint that bears a great deal of stress from everyday activities, such as lifting and kneeling, and from high-impact activities, such as jogging and aerobics.
The knee is formed by the following parts:
Tibia.;This is the shin bone or larger bone of the lower leg.
Femur.;This is the thighbone or upper leg bone.
Patella. This is the kneecap.
Each bone end is covered with a layer of cartilage that absorbs shock and protects the knee. Basically, the knee is 2 long leg bones held together by muscles, ligaments, and tendons.
There are 2 groups of muscles involved in the knee, including the quadriceps muscles , which straighten the legs, and the hamstring muscles , which bend the leg at the knee.
Tendons are tough cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones. Ligaments are elastic bands of tissue that connect bone to bone. Some ligaments on the knee provide stability and protection of the joints, while other ligaments limit forward and backward movement of the tibia .
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What Is Toxic Synovitis
Toxic synovitis has a scary name, but it’s not a scary condition. This temporary inflammation of the hip can cause limping and pain in the hip and leg. This can be unpleasant for a child and unsettling for a parent especially when symptoms start suddenly but toxic synovitis usually goes away within a week or two, and causes no long-term problems.
How Is Septic Arthritis Diagnosed
Early diagnosis of septic arthritis is important. This is to prevent permanent damage to the joint. The process starts with a medical history and a physical exam. Tests may also be done, such as:
- Removal of joint fluid.;This is done to check for white blood cells and bacteria.
- Blood tests.;These are done to look for bacteria.
- Phlegm, spinal fluid, and urine tests.;These are done to look for bacteria and find the source of infection.
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Further Treatments For Calf Pain
If your calf pain worsens or persists, you should consult your physician who may recommend the following.
- Pain medications: Aspirin, ibuprofen , or naproxen can help relieve pain and inflammation.
- Physical therapy: If the calf pain is caused by serious injury, such as the tearing of ligaments or tendons, your doctor may advise physical therapy.
When To See Your Doctor
Any incidence of severe knee pain should be checked out by your doctor particularly if:;
1) Your knee looks deformed2) You cant put any weight through the leg3) Your knee movements are limited cant fully bend or straighten the knee4) You have severe knee pain, especially at night or when resting5) Your knee keeps giving way6) You feel unwell or have a fever7) There is redness or the knee feels hot8) There is major swelling around the knee9) Your symptoms persist or get worse10) You have pain, swelling, redness, tingling or numbness in the calf;
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Home Remedies And Medical Options
- physical activity, including tai chi, walking, cycling, and water exercise
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , such as ibuprofen or aspirin, to reduce pain and inflammation
- tramadol, available on prescription for more severe pain
- corticosteroid injections to reduce inflammation
- other medications, such as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs for RA but not OA
- applying heat and cold pads to relieve pain and swelling
- topical creams, such as capsaicin
- using a cane or walker to help you balance
- attending cognitive behavioral therapy
Experts say that people who play an active role in managing OA, for example, are likely to see a more positive outcome. Learning about arthritis, becoming aware of what makes symptoms better or worse, and making decisions with your doctor are ways of doing this.
Discover exercises to strengthen the knee muscles.
What You Need To Know
- The most common causes of knee pain are related to aging, injury or repeated stress on the knee.
- Common knee problems include sprained or strained ligaments, cartilage tears, tendonitis and arthritis.
- Diagnosing a knee injury or problem includes a medical examination and usually the use of a diagnostic procedure such as an x-ray, MRI, CT scan or arthroscopy.
- Both non-operative and surgical treatment options are available to treat knee pain and problems depending on the type and severity of the condition.
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How Is Septic Arthritis Treated
Treatment will depend on your symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is.
A fluid called pus may be drained from the joint. A buildup of pus can damage the joint. The pus is drained with a needle, tube, or surgery.;;It is possible that pus may need to be drained multiple times from the joint over the course of treatment.;Other treatment may include:
- Medicines for pain and fever
- Physical therapy to keep muscle strength
- A splint on the joint to relieve pain
When To See A Doctor
Seek immediate medical attention if your groin pain is severe or persistent, or if you have fallen or experienced another form of trauma to your hip.
Groin pain associated with a fever, chills, blood in your urine, abdominal or pelvic discomfort, nausea or vomiting, or an inability to bear weight or walk also warrants immediate medical attention.
In the event of an inguinal hernia, if you cannot push the protruding tissue back into your body, be sure to call your doctor or surgeon. Seek emergency medical attention if you experience severe pain around your inguinal hernia or symptoms of sickness like vomiting, diarrhea, or a swollen belly. This may indicate a strangulated hernia, in which the herniated tissue becomes trapped without adequate blood supply .
Lastly, if you are experiencing severe, one-sided testicular pain and swelling, seek emergency medical attention for a possible testicular torsion, which also requires immediate surgery.
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How Infection Can Lead To Severe Knee Pain
It is possible for severe knee pain to be caused by an infection. How? Most often, bacteria or another type of microorganism infects the tissues in or around the knee joint. Other times, a separate infection, such as a stomach virus, leads to an auto-immune reaction that causes knee pain.
This page describes several ways infection can lead to severe knee pain.
Knee Pain And Problems
Knee pain is a common complaint among adults and most often associated with general wear and tear from daily activities like walking, bending, standing and lifting. Athletes who run or play sports that involve jumping or quick pivoting are also more likely to experience knee pain and problems. But whether an individuals knee pain is caused by aging or injury, it can be a nuisance and even debilitating in some circumstances.
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Why Am I Experiencing Joint Pain After Viral Fever
;Answered by: ;Dr Anand Malaviya;; |;Head of the Department of Medicine and Chief of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology Services,All-India Institute of Medical Sciences, New DelhiConsultant Rheumatologist, ‘A&R Clinic’Visiting Sr. Consultant, Rheumatologist, ISIC Superspeciality Hospital, New Delhi.
Q:;I am a 28 years old male. I had viral fever last week and now I am experiencing pain all over my body, particularly in the joints of hands and legs. The doctor initially prescribed me Nepromycin but since it didn’t help much, he asked me to take Wysolone, Because capsules and DOLO650 alone. Now, the pain has subsided considerably. As per my reports, my ANA titre factor is 1:40. Is it a cause of worry? My doctor has asked me to visit a rheumatolgist. Should I meet one?
Lower Leg Pain Caused By Bones Joints And Muscle Problems
Some of the most common causes of pain from knee to ankle are related to injuries of muscles, joints, and bones.
1. Compartment Syndrome
Compartment syndrome or chronic exertional compartment syndrome occurs if you repeatedly engage in exertional or loading activities. It can affect any lower leg compartments, with the anterior compartment most likely to be affected. Pain in the case of compartment syndrome;is typically exercise-induced and you will experience relief with rest. It can also be accompanied by numbness or weakness.
2. Stress Fracture
Stress fractures develop slowly due to repetitive trauma. Eventually, the muscles are overloaded or fatigued to the point where they cant absorb the shock or stress of repeated impacts and instead begin braking. The stress can transfer to nearby bone, leading to small fractures that arent visible on regular X-rays.
3. Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome
Most people know medial tibial stress syndrome as shin splints. This injury commonly affects runners and causes pain from knee to ankle. It occurs due to repeated trauma to your connected muscle tissue by the shinbone . If you ignore it, this issue can lead to a stress fracture.
5. Muscle Cramps
6. Achilles Tendonopathy
7. Calf Muscle Tear
8. Plantaris Tear
9. Achilles Tear
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