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Back Outside Of Knee Pain

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries

IT Band Syndrome (Outside Knee Pain) Exercises & Stretches. (Iliotibial Band Syndrome)

The anterior cruciate ligament is a band of tissue that runs through the front of the knee joint, connecting the bones and helping keep the knee joint stable.

ACL strains often happen due to sudden stops or changes in direction. Similarly to meniscus tears, a strain in the ACL may cause a popping sound, followed by pain and swelling.

A torn ACL is a well-known, serious injury, often side-lining an athlete for a long time. Torn ACLs usually require reconstructive surgery.

What Are The Symptoms Of A Cruciate Ligament Injury

Often, a cruciate ligament injury does not cause pain. Instead, the person may hear a popping sound as the injury occurs, followed by the leg buckling when trying to stand on it, and swelling. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently.

The symptoms of a cruciate ligament injury may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your doctor for a diagnosis.

Superior Tibiofibular Joint Sprain

The tibiofibular joint is the point in the knee where the tops of the shin bones join. Dislocation of this joint is likely to have been caused by an impact or fall onto the knee, particularly when it is in a fully bent position. Symptoms include:

  • Pain and swelling on the outer surface of your shin.
  • In addition, the top of the fibula bone may appear more prominent than normal on the outside of your knee.

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Warm Up And Cool Down

Its essential to warm up properly before you start running. Five to 10 minutes of brisk walking or gentle jogging before you start will warm your muscles up and help prevent injury.

To cool down, carry on running at an easier pace or walk for 5 to 10 minutes. This will help your body recover after your run.

What Causes Knee Pain

Pin on " nee dislocation"

One of the most common causes of knee pain is osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is a condition that causes the cartilage in your joints to break down. This can lead to pain, swelling, and stiffness in the affected joint. Other common causes of knee pain include bursitis, tendinitis, and meniscus tears.

Patients suffering from knee problems can have their pain reduced or eliminated by treatment and pain management. As pain specialists, we are responsible for developing a treatment plan for each patient. Even if each of the treatments does not seem to have a significant impact when used alone, a comprehensive, multimodal treatment plan may be beneficial. If your knee pain appears to be worsening into chronic pain, it may be time to see a pain management specialist. When pain lasts longer than expected, it is a sign that the condition is becoming chronic. It is possible to diagnose and treat pain on your own or in consultation with other health care professionals.

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Can Growing Pains Occur In Just One Leg

Usually growing pains occur bilaterally or in both legs. These pains usually occur deep in the thigh or calf in school-aged children. They generally occur at night with resolution by morning. If your child is experiencing pains in just one leg, consider bringing them for medical evaluation. One-sided leg pain can be indicative of infection, musculoskeletal injury or deformity, or other serious conditions such as a tumor.

What Are The Symptoms Of Iliotibial Band Syndrome

Iliotibial band syndrome causes pain on the outside of the knee. It might affect one or both of your knees. The pain is an aching, burning feeling that sometimes spreads up the thigh to the hip. You might notice this pain only when you exercise, especially while running. The pain tends to be worst right after you strike your foot, and it might only start up near the end of your workout. As the condition gets worse, your pain might start earlier and continue even after you’ve stopped exercising. Activities that might worsen your pain include going up and down the stairs.

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Lateral Knee Pain By Activity

Lateral Knee Pain From Running: The most likely cause of outside knee pain running is IT Band syndrome, inflammation of the band down the outerside of the thigh. With iliotibial band syndrome, it is really important to rest from aggravating activities otherwise the condition can become chronic. This may mean reducing training time or stopping running altogether for a period of time.

Lateral Knee Pain With No Swelling: Outside knee pain no swelling implies an overuse or degenerative condition such as tendonopathy, IT Band Syndrome or Runners Knee, rather than a soft tissue injury such as a ligament sprain or meniscus tear. Outer knee pain without swelling is often a chronic problem.

Pain On Outside Of Knee With Flexion: Outer knee pain when bending the knee often indicates a problem in the hamstrings as they are responsible for knee flexion. If the pain is more central, it is likely to be a problem with the kneecap such as patellofemoral pain syndrome.

Lateral Knee Pain With Full Extension: Pain on outside of knee when you straighten the leg is often caused by something getting stuck inside the knee joint, typically from a cartilage injury or arthritis. Outer knee pain with extension is often accompanied by locking where the knee gets stuck.

Outer Knee Pain When Squatting: later knee pain squatting tends to happen when there is a problem in the knee cartilage meaning it doesn’t provide adequate cushioning of the knee joint, typically a meniscus tear and knee arthritis.

What You Can Do

Back of knee pain/stiffness? Popliteus muscle tightness

Take over-the-counter NSAID drugs like ibuprofen and naproxen to ease pain and swelling. RICE — rest, ice, compression, and elevation — can often help, too: Get off your feet. Raise your leg so it’s higher than your heart. Put a cold pack in a thin cloth or towel on your knee for 10-20 minutes at a time, several times a day. Wrap an elastic bandage around your knee when you’re up and about, snug but not tight.

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What Does Sharp Pain On The Outside Of Your Knee Mean

According to Burg, if you have pain on the inside or outside of your knee, it could be a torn ligaments . If your knee joint is showing signs of wear and tear, it could also be a torn or deteriorating knee joint, which lines and cushions the joint.

Hip And Knee Stretches For Improved Range Of Motion

This stretch can benefit people who have tight hips or knees, as well as those who want to improve their range of motion. The stretch can be reduced if you prefer to use a sturdy object or a wall to support your hands.

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Can I Prevent Pain On The Outside Of The Knee

Maintaining strength in the muscles in your legs and surrounding your knee joint can help prevent injuries to your knee.

Supporting the cartilage and bone, particularly if you regularly take part in high impact sports, can also reduce your risk of joint wear.

Doing strengthening exercises may help in managing osteoarthritis symptoms.

Contact your doctor for more advice on preventing knee pain.

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Your Hips Can Cause Knee Pain

Most of the time, knee pain isn’t caused by knee problems.

Knee pain is usually caused by a problem in the hip and/or ankle, and your knee is the thing that’s in the middle getting beat up.

When the muscles in your hip and in your butt are too weak, it can cause your leg to twist inward, rubbing the IT band over the joint line.

See our last post on Pain On The Outside Of The Hip for an EASY exercise to strengthen the hip muscles.

What Can I Do To Prevent Iliotibial Band Syndrome

Knee ligament injury without swelling, free weight loss and muscle ...

In some cases, iliotibial band syndrome is preventable. To help prevent a flare-up, take care to:

  • Run on even surfaces.
  • Replace your running shoes regularly.
  • Ease up on your training.
  • If you run on a track, make sure you run in both directions.
  • Have an expert check your stance for running and other sporting activities.
  • Stretch your outer thigh and hamstrings regularly.

If you’re new to exercise, start slowly and gradually increase your activity.

Ask your healthcare provider or trainer if they have additional advice.

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Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Injury

The proximal tibiofibular joint is a small joint that connects the top of the shin bone with the fibula. Ususally, injury to this joint occurs acutely after a high force injury such as a fall or gradual due to degeneration.

Symptoms ususally include pain on the outside of the knee and a feeling of instability with a deep squat. In addition, moving the joint with your fingers is often painful and sometimes looser.

Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Dislocation

Proximal tibiofibular joint dislocation is one of the most unusual causes of lateral knee pain. It affects the joint between the top of the shin bone and the fibular, the small, thin bone that runs down the outer side of the shin, just below the knee joint on the outer side.

It takes a large force to dislocate the joint, e.g. a car accident, but it can also partially dislocate usually due to a fall when the foot is plantarflexed , which often also damages the tibiofibular ligament.

Symptoms usually include outer knee pain, instability especially during deep squats and sometimes an obvious deformity at the side of the knee. There may also be associated damage to the peroneal nerve leading to pins and needles or numbness around the outer knee.

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Lateral Tibial Plateau Fracture

The tibial plateau is located at the top of the shin at the knee. A break on the outer or lateral part of the tibial plateau can cause considerable knee pain. A lateral tibial plateau fracture is often the result of a vehicle accident or a bad fall that impacts the outer knee directly.

If the bones are still aligned, surgery may not be required to treat the injury. If not, you may need surgery to place the affected bones in their proper position and secure them with screws or plates.

How Is Iliotibial Band Syndrome Diagnosed

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Your healthcare provider will begin with a health history. They will also ask about your other health problems as well as your current symptoms. The provider will do a physical exam, including a thorough exam of your knee. This will include tests of your range of motion, strength, and sore areas of your knee. Your provider will need to distinguish between iliotibial band syndrome and other possible causes of your knee pain. These can include osteoarthritis or a meniscal tear.

Usually, your healthcare provider won’t need any additional tests to diagnose iliotibial band syndrome. If the diagnosis is unclear, you might need imaging tests, like an X-ray or MRI, to rule out other possible causes.

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What Is A Runners Knee

The wide, tough band of fascia known as the iliotibial band plays an important role when running as it helps stabilize the hips and knees. It goes from the top of the pelvis , down the side of the thigh and across the outside of the knee, all the way to the top outside part of the calf bone , below the knee. It also connects the gluteal muscles with a muscle called the tensor fasciae latae. The reciprocal action of these muscles in turn helps stabilize your leg alignment.

However, if the way these muscles interact gets confused, the forces involved become imbalanced and can cause problems. With runners knee, this means there is excessive strain on the thigh bone where it protrudes outward. This is what causes the unpleasant pain on the outside of the knee associated with runners knee.

However, if the way these muscles interact gets confused, the forces involved become imbalanced and can cause problems. With runners knee, this means there is excessive strain on the thigh bone where it protrudes outward. This is what causes the unpleasant pain on the outside of the knee associated with runners knee.

Types Of Outer Knee Pain

There are several health conditions that may cause outer knee pain.

Iliotibial band syndrome develops if a band of connective tissue rubs on the outside of your knee. The iliotibial band is a thick band of fibrous tissue that runs from your hip to below your knee on the outside of your leg. If you bend and straighten your leg a lot, it can cause this tissue to become sore and inflamed where it passes over the bottom of your thigh bone and meets your knee. This type of problem is most common in runners and cyclists.

Lateral collateral ligament injury is caused by a blow to the inside of your knee, which stretches the outside of your knee and injures the ligament. A ligament is a band of tissue that connects one bone to another. The lateral collateral ligament runs down the outer side of your knee.

Meniscal injury is damage to the meniscal cartilages inside your knee. These cartilages act like shock absorbers and may tear when you twist your knee with your foot still on the ground. This type of injury is common in sports where you have to change direction suddenly for example, football and skiing. It can also happen in jobs that involve lifting and twisting for example, construction or manual labour. The meniscus can tear without any particular injury as you get older because of wear and tear.

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Causes Of Pain In The Back Of The Knee

The back of the knee is composed of various muscles, bones, ligaments, nerves and arteries. See this image to get a visual representation of the knee and all of its parts. The knee also contains fluid that lubricates and protects the joint. Many different processes can result in damage or injury to these components and cause pain in the back of the knee.

Pain Behind Knee: What Should You Do

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In general, pain behind the knee is one of the more challenging musculoskeletal problems. There are many possible causes muscle tear, tendon, nerve damage, and blood clots. But, like most other problems, the key to properly managing it is an early and accurate diagnosis. So, what causes pain behind the knee, and how do you find the cause?

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Acute Knee Pain Treatment

  • Simple treatments like hot or cold packs, physical activity, exercise and physical therapy.

  • Pain medications like anti-inflammatories and anti-spasm medications to provide pain relief.

If pain is long lasting , debilitating and has not been responding to treatments an assessment should be made by a pain management specialist, who can assess and treat most types of chronic pain.

Lateral Collateral Ligament Or Anterolateral Ligament

These can be injured with trauma or wear and tear and can make the outside of the knee unstable. If these ligaments are sprained, then bracing as well as physical therapy to try to strengthen muscles is usually prescribed. If this fails, both of these ligaments can be surgically reconstructed , but we often find that a PRP injection can help and tighten them without having to rip out the existing ligament.

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Pain On The Outside Of The Knee

  • A burning pain at the outside of the knee may be due to iliotibial band syndrome. The iliotibial band is a ligament running down the outside of the thigh to the outside of the knee which can become inflamed and irritated.
  • A tear in one of the two menisci can cause pain, swelling, and a feeling that the knee is giving way or locking.
  • A burning sensation at the side of the knee can indicate pressure on the menisci and sometimes can be due to a fluid filled cyst.

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What Are The Symptoms Of An Lcl Injury

Knee Pain diagnosis and Exercises

Symptoms of an LCL injury can be mild or severe, depending on the severity of the sprain or if its torn. If the ligament is mildly sprained, you may not have any symptoms at all. For a partial tear or complete tear of the ligament, your symptoms may include:

  • swelling of the knee
  • stiffness of the knee joint that can cause locking of the knee
  • pain or soreness on the outside of the knee
  • instability of the knee joint

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Whats Behind The Knee

The back of the knee has complicated anatomy.

As well as the knee joint sitting in the middle, the thigh and calf muscles pass through this area. Firstly, the large hamstring muscles start from the pelvis and pass across the knee to attach to the lower leg bones. In addition, the large calf muscles begin at the bottom part of the thigh and cross the knee to form the large Achilles tendon.

Finally, vital nerves and blood vessels cross the back of the knee to supply the lower leg and foot.

It Band Friction Syndrome

The IT Band is a long thin connective tissue that runs outside the leg. It starts from the pelvis and crosses the knee to connect to the outer part of the tibia.

Pain occurs when the bottom part of the IT band rubs against the femur, causing pain and focal swelling. This condition commonly occurs in runners, although cyclists and walkers are also prone. Ususally, pain from the IT Band starts within minutes of activity and worsens as you continue. In some cases, pain can be so bad that you need to stop.

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